- Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg
Maximilian de Beauharnais Duke of Leuchtenberg
Prince of Eichstätt
Portrait by Karl Briullov (1849) Duke of Leuchtenberg Reign 28 March 1835 – 1 November 1852 Prince of Eichstätt Spouse Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia Issue Princess Alexandra
Maria Maximilianovna, Princess Louis William of Baden
Nicholas, 4th Duke of Leuchtenberg
Eugenia Maximilianovna, Duchess Alexander of Oldenburg
Eugen, 5th Duke of Leuchtenberg
Georgi, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg
Full name Maximilian Joseph Eugene Auguste Napoleon House House of Beauharnais Father Eugène de Beauharnais Mother Princess Augusta of Bavaria Born 1 November 1817
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died 1 November 1852(aged 35)
St.Petersburg, Russian Empire
Maximilian Joseph Eugene Auguste Napoleon de Beauharnais (2 October 1817 Munich – 1 November 1852 St.Petersburg), 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg, 3rd Prince of Venice  Prince des Français and Hereditary Prince of the Kingdom of Italy (a creation of Napoleon I of France) and claimant to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt was the husband of Grand Duchess Maria Nikolayevna of Russia
He was born as the second son of Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta Amalia Ludovika Georgia of Bavaria. His maternal grandparents were Maximilian I, King of Bavaria and his first wife Marie Wilhelmine Auguste, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt.
His maternal grandmother Marie Wilhelmine Auguste was a daughter of Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt, younger son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.
He was a brother of:
- Auguste de Beauharnais, Duke of Santa Cruz, Consort prince of Queen Maria II of Portugal;
- Amélie de Beauharnais, Empress consort of Pedro I of Brazil;
- Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen consort of Oscar I of Sweden.
Duke of Leuchtenberg
His maternal grandfather Maximilian of Bavaria appointed Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg on 14 November 1817. The title came with the effective administration of the Principality of Eichstätt. Maximilian was named "Prince of Leuchtenburg" and became the second-in-line heir to the Duchy.
Auguste eventually married Queen Maria II of Portugal but died childless on 28 March 1835. Maximilian became the 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg at this point.
His father-in-law Nicholas I granted to him on 14 July 1839 the Russian and Finnish style Imperial Highness, a rank he was entitled to as a descendant of the extended dynasty of Napoleon I of France. His father was an adoptive son of Napoleon.
- Alexandra Princess Romanovskaja (1840–1843) died in childhood
- Maria Maximilianovna, Princess Romanovskaja (1841–1914) m. Prince Wilhelm of Baden (1829–1897), younger son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
- Nicholas Maximilianovich, 4th Duke of Leuchtenberg (1843–1891)
- Eugenia Maximilianovna, Princess Romanovskaja (1845–1925) m. Duke Alexander Petrovich of Oldenburg (1844–1932)
- Eugen Maximilianovich, 5th Duke of Leuchtenberg (1847–1901) m. Daria Opotchinina (1845–1870) m. Zinaida Skobeleva (1856–1899)
- Sergei Maximilianovich, Duke of Leuchtenberg (1849–1877) Killed in the Russo-Turkish war
- Georgi Maximilianovich, 6th Duke von Leuchtenberg (1852–1912) m.(1) Duchess Therese Petrovna of Oldenburg (1852–1883) m.(2) Anastasia of Montenegro (1868–1935)
Through his oldest surviving daughter Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg (1841–1914), he is the grandfather of Prince Maximilian of Baden (1867–1929), Chancellor of Germany during World War I.
His youngest daughter Princess Eugenia Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg (1845–1925) married Duke Alexander Petrovich of Oldenburg (1844–1932), the grandson of Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, and became the mother of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg (1868–1924), the divorced husband of Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (1882–1960), the youngest sister of Nicholas II of Russia.
Ancestors of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg 16. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud 8. François de Beauharnais, marquis de la Ferté-Beauharnais 17. Renée Hardouineau de Laudanière 4. Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais 18. François-Louis de Pyvart de Chastullé 9. Marie Anne Henriette Françoise de Pyvart de Chastullé 19. Jeanne Hardouineau de Laudanière 2. Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg 20. Gaspard Joseph Tascher de la Pagerie 10. Joseph-Gaspard Tascher de la Pagerie 21. Françoise Bourreau de la Chevalerie 5. Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie 22. Joseph François des Vergers de Sannois 11. Rose-Claire des Vergers de Sannois 23. Catherine Marie Brown 1. Maximilian de Beauharnais 24. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken 12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken 25. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken 6. King Maximilian I of Bavaria 26. Joseph Charles, Count Palatine of Sulzbach 13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach 27. Countess Palatine Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg 3. Princess Amalia Augusta of Bavaria 28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 14. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt 29. Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau 7. Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt 30. Christian Karl Reinhard, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg 15. Countess Marie Luise of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim 31. Countess Katharina Polyxena of Solms-Rödelheim
ReferencesMaximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of LeuchtenbergBorn: 2 October 1817 Died: 1 November 1852
German nobility Preceded by
Auguste de Beauharnais
Duke of Leuchtenberg
28 March 1835 – 1 November 1852
Generations are numbered from Claude de Beauharnais, seigneur de Beaumont. 1st generation 2nd generationFrançois • François VI, Marquis de La Ferté-Beauharnais m. Françoise de Beauharnais • Claude, 2nd Count of Roches-Baritaud • Anne, Countess de Barral • Alexandre, Viscount of Beauharnais m. Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie (later Empress of the French) 3rd generation 4th generationJoséphine, Queen of Sweden and Norway** • Eugénie, Princess of Hohenzollern-Hechingen** • Auguste, Duke of Leuchtenberg** m. Queen Maria II of Portugal • Amélie, Empress of Brazil** • Théodolinde, Countess of Württemberg** • Carolina** • Maximilian, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ m. Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia 5th generation 6th generationNicholas de Beauharnais** • Daria, Princess Leon Kotchoubey • George** • Alexander, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ • Sergei, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ • Elena, Countess Stefan Tyszkiewicz**^ 7th generationNicholas de Beauharnais** • Dimitri** • Nadezhda, Mrs. Mogilevsky** • Maximilian** • Natalie, Baroness Vladimir Meller-Zakomelsky** • Tamara, Mrs. Constantin Karanfilov** • Sergei** • Andrei** • Michael** • Constantine** • Marie, Countess Nikolai Mengden-Altenwoga** 8th generationElena** • Maria Magdalen, Mrs. Joseph de Pasquale** • George** • Anna, Mrs. Stout** • Eugénie Élisabeth, Mrs. von Bruch** • Xenia, Countess Dimitri Grabbe** • Olga, Mrs. Ronald Newburgh** • Olga, Mrs. Oleg Gaydeburov** • Nicholas** • Serge** • Elizabeth, Mrs. John Craft** 9th generationNicholas Maxiliam • Constantine *also a Prince or Princess des Francais
**also a Prince or Princess of Leuchtenberg and Eichstädt
^also a Prince Romanovsky or Princess Romanovskaja
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