- MV Mavi Marmara
MV Mavi Marmara leaving Antalya for Gaza on May 22, 2010
Career (Comoros) Name: MV Mavi Marmara Owner: IHH (İnsani Yardım Vakfı) Operator: IHH (İnsani Yardım Vakfı) Builder: Türkiye Gemi Sanayi A.Ş. Yard number: 302 Completed: November 9, 1994 Homeport: Moroni, Comoros (2010). Previously Istanbul, Turkey Identification: IMO number: 9005869 General characteristics Class and type: Passenger ship Tonnage: 4,142 GT (gross tonnage) Length: 93 m (305 ft) Beam: 20 m (66 ft) Draft: 4 m (13 ft) Installed power: 4,400 kW Propulsion: 2 Speed: max. 9.9 knots (18.3 km/h; 11.4 mph)- avg. 7.2 knots (13.3 km/h; 8.3 mph) Capacity: 1,080 passengers Blockade of the Gaza Strip General Barrier • Crossings: Erez, Karni, Rafah • Tunnels • Goods affected • Israeli-Palestinian conflict 2000 Second Intifada 2006 Economic sanctions 2007 Battle of Gaza 2008 Breach of the Gaza–Egypt border • Gaza War 2009 Viva Palestina: "Lifeline to Gaza" • "Lifeline 3" 2010 Gaza flotilla raid (flotilla; ships: Mavi Marmara, Rachel Corrie; participants, reactions, legal, Turkel Commission (Israel), Gaza journey of MV Rachel Corrie) • Jewish Boat to Gaza • Viva Palestina "Lifeline 5" • Road to Hope 2011 Freedom Flotilla II (participants)
MV Mavi Marmara (English: Blue Marmara, where MV is an abbreviation of motor vessel) is a Comoros-flagged  passenger ship, which was formerly owned and operated by İDO Istanbul Fast Ferries Co. Inc. on the line Sarayburnu, Istanbul-Marmara Island-Avşa Island in the Sea of Marmara. Built at the Golden Gate Shipyard by Turkish Shipbuilding Co. in 1994, the ship has a capacity of 1,080 passengers.
Gaza Freedom Flotilla
The ship was purchased in 2010 by the IHH, an Islamic Turkish NGO active as a charity organization in more than 115 countries. The group has represented its Turkish language name in English in various ways, "IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation" among them. It has held Special Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council since 2004,  and is endorsed by international figures that include South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mairead Corrigan Maguire. Israel's Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, an NGO with close ties to the Israeli Defense Forces, along with multiple Israeli governmental officials have alleged that the IHH supports terrorism, has smuggled arms on behalf of terrorist groups, and has links to al-Qaeda and other Jihadist groups. The IHH denies these claims, and Greta Berlin, a director of the Free Gaza Movement, called the claims "utterly scurrilous", characterizing them as an attempt by the Israeli government to discredit the movement.
The IHH acquired the Mavi Marmara at a cost of $800,000, to be defrayed by public donations, as no shipowner was willing to risk their vessel on the journey. The ship took part in a flotilla of ships operated by activist groups from 37 different countries with the intention of directly confronting the Israeli blockade over Gaza. On 30 May 2010, while in international waters and en route to Gaza, Israeli Naval Forces communicated that a naval blockade over the Gaza area was in force and ordered the ships to follow them to Ashdod Port or to be boarded, the ships declined and were boarded in international waters.The boarding started at 2 a.m. on 31 May 2010 and was completed by 8 a.m. Reports from journalists on the ship and from the UN report on the incident concluded that the Israeli military opened fire with live rounds before boarding the ship. In the violent clash that followed, nine activists were killed (according to the UN Report), and several dozen activists were injured. Israel stated that at least seven of its IDF soldiers were injured. The Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that "the Mavi Marmara (passenger ship) did not carry any humanitarian aid, except for the passengers' personal belongings."They also stated that other ships in the aid convoy actually carried the aid. Israel said that they found knives, metal and wood sticks in the ship. The UN report stated that knives from the ship's kitchens (plus one traditional, ceremonial knife), some catapults (slingshots) and metal pipes the passengers cut from the ship's railings were found. Turkey unveiled its final report on Israeli attack on Gaza-bound aid convoy on 11 Feb 2011.
Release and return home
Israeli government decided on July 23, 2010 to release the three ships of the Gaza Freedom flotilla, two of which were forced to moor at the Port of Haifa and the third one at the Port of Ashdod since then. To bring the ships back home, three tugboats were dispatched from Turkey. Mavi Marmara was towed by Ocean Ergun in a two-day ride to the Port of Iskenderun arriving an August 7, 2010.
The damage on the ship was visible from far even though nobody was permitted to board her due to investigations underway by the public prosecutor and insurance people. There were some broken windows on the ship and also bullet holes on the glass of the pilothouse. The IHH emblem on the ship's port side was over-painted white. Forensic teams identified some 250 bullet holes in the ship, many of which were painted or plastered over by Israel.
Freedom Flotilla II
A coalition of 22 NGOs announced on 9 May 2011 that Freedom Flotilla II was planned for the third week of June. The Financial Times reported on 17 June 2011 that the Mavi Marmara would not be sailing, as previously announced. The IHH said that after damage caused last year to the ship, that it was not in a position to put to sea. The group stressed that it would still be part of the new flotilla; members of the group will board other ships in the effort. 
- ex MS Beydağı
- ^ a b c "Turkish rights group's cargo ship to set sail with Gaza aid". Hürriyet. 13 May 2010. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=cargo-ship-will-set-out-to-gaza-to-deliver-aid-2010-04-13.
- ^ a b c d "Mavi Marmara" (in Turkish). Tür Gemileri. http://www.turkgemileri.com/ships/mavimarmara.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- ^ a b c "Detay Gemi Listesi" (in Turkish). Izmir Maritime Chamber of Commerce. http://www.dtoizmir.org/ShiplistDetay%281%29.pdf. Retrieved 2010-05-31. |
- ^ a b c "MS Mavi Marmara". Digital Seas. http://www.digital-seas.com/vessel_search/vessel_details/on/d6fu2_m_s_mavi_marmara_q2052726.html. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- ^ a b "M/S Mavi Marmara" (in Turkish). Marine Traffic. http://www.marinetraffic.com/ais/tr/shipdetails.aspx?mmsi=616952000&header=true. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- ^ a b "Mavi Marmara Yolcu Gemisi" (in Turkish). IDO. http://www.ido.com.tr/index.cfm?page=SubPage&textid=846&kapsam=7&ln=tr. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- ^ "İsrail ‘uluslararası suları’ kabul etti". 1 June 2010. http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/dunya/14896132.asp.
- ^ a b c d "Profile: Free Gaza Movement". BBC News (BBC). 1 June 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/middle_east/10202678.stm. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- ^ "IHH Statement Regarding The Israeli Report". http://www.ihh.org.tr/ihh-dan-israil-raporuna-aciklama/en/. "IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation continues to insist on its request for an international probe to independently investigate the Israeli attack on Mavi Marmara."
- ^ "Foundation for Human Rights and Freedoms and Humanitarian Relief, The". NGO Branch, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. http://esango.un.org/civilsociety/showProfileDetail.do?method=showProfileDetails&tab=1&profileCode=2525. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
- ^ "List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of 1 September 2009". United Nations Economic and Social Council. http://esango.un.org/paperless/content/E2009INF4.pdf. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
- ^ a b Spencer, Richard (31 May 2010). "Gaza flotilla: the Free Gaza Movement and the IHH". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/israel/7790919/Gaza-flotilla-the-Free-Gaza-Movement-and-the-IHH.html. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- ^ http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/docs/15session/A.HRC.15.21_en.pdf
- ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/video/middleeast/2010/06/201063123021327499.html
- ^ KATZ, YAAKOV. "Navy commandos:‘They came for war’". Jerusalem Post. http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=177040. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- ^ "Details emerge of bloodshed aboard Gaza-bound ship". 2 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5qHYg61LU.
- ^ Human Rights Council. Fifteenth session
- ^ "Deaths as Israeli forces storm Gaza aid ship". BBC News. 31 May 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/10195838.stm.
- ^ "Summary of equipment and aid aboard the Gaza flotilla". Israel MFA. 7 Jun 2010. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Government/Communiques/2010/Equipment_aid_Gaza_flotilla_7-Jun-2010.htm.
- ^ Maj-Gen (res.) Eiland presents conclusions of examination team 12 Jul 2010
- ^ "Turkey unveils its final report on Israeli attack on Gaza-bound aid convoy". Turkish Press. 11 Feb 2011. http://www.turkishpress.com/news.asp?id=364071.
- ^ "Mavi Marmara gemisi Türkiye doğru yola çıkıyor" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. 2010-08-04. http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/dunya/15485007.asp.
- ^ "‘Mavi Marmara' İskenderun'da" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. 2010-08-07. http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/15505285.asp.
- ^ (in Turkish)Radikal. 2010-08-10. http://www.radikal.com.tr/Radikal.aspx?aType=RadikalDetay&ArticleID=1013066&Date=11.08.2010&CategoryID=77.
- ^ "Thousands greets Mavi Marmara aid ship". Today's Zaman. 2010-12-26. http://www.todayszaman.com/news-230733-thousands-greets-mavi-marmara-aid-ship.html.
- ^ "A Year After Israeli Raid, 2nd Flotilla to Set Sail for Gaza". The New York Times. 11 May 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/12/world/middleeast/12iht-M12-TURK-FLEET.html.
- ^ [http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/ec4ab2dc-98eb-11e0-bd66-00144feab49a.html#axzz1Q5NwJZP2 Turkish flagship pulls out of Gaza flotilla}
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