Barnsdale, or Barnsdale Forest, is a relatively small area of
South Yorkshire, Englandwhich has a rich history and the region is steeped in folklore. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire.cite book | last = Smith | first =Albert Hugh | authorlink=Albert Hugh Smith | title =The Place-Names of the West Riding of Yorkshire | publisher =EPN Society| date = 1961 | url =http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/hyp-idx?type=id&id=hyp.948.19991101T123123] Barnsdale lies in the immediate vicinity north and north-west of Doncaster, and which was formerly forested and a place of royal hunts, and also renowned as a haunt of the outlaw Robin Hoodin early medievalballads.
Boundaries and features of Barnsdale
Barnsdale historically falls within the
West Riding of Yorkshirewithin Yorkshire.cite book | last = Smith | first =Albert Hugh | authorlink=Albert Hugh Smith | title =The Place-Names of the West Riding of Yorkshire | publisher =EPN Society| date = 1961 | url =http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/hyp-idx?type=id&id=hyp.948.19991101T123123] The villages within Barndale are today part of the local government administration area South Yorkshire, the southern villages are more specifically now part of the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster. While the villages and hamlets of northern Barnsdale fall within the City of Wakefieldmetropolitan borough of West Yorkshire.
The small South Yorkshire village of
Hampoleis generally considered to lie within the dead centre of what was once the Barnsdale Forest area coord|53|35|10.0|N|1|14|0.00|W|. It is recorded that Richard Rolle(1300-1349), the famous Latinand English religious writer and Bible translator, spent his final years at Hampole as a hermit, secluded in the dense forest.
The area was once thick woodland, rich with game and
deer; and the monarchs of England are sometimes recorded as having gone on royal hunts in the Barnsdale forest. It is believed that at some point in the early medieval era, Barnsdale Forest was probably huge and may have covered most of South Yorkshire (in the same manner as Sherwood Forestprobably once covered most of Nottinghamshire). It is possible that the large town of Barnsley, some fifteen kilometres to the west of Hampole, probably got the name from the forest.
Barnsdale Bar is the site of the junction of the A1 (the historic Great North Road), the A639, and Wrangbrook Lane, Woodfield Road and Long Lane (junction 38 of the A1). Now motorway services lie on the site. It is six miles north-west of Doncaster. Three
limestone quarriesexist nearby, and archeologicaldigs at the site have turned up some fascinating materials, architecture, and preserved farmland dating back to the medievalera, the Dark Ages, and beyond (read article [http://www.arch.wyjs.org.uk/mlalsf/html/results.html here] )
All that now exists of Barnsdale Forest is small gatherings of trees at the side of the A1 motorway at Barnsdale Bar coord|53|37|3.12|N|1|13|53.05|W|. There is however a wooded area around a half a mile wide, lying around a mile south of Hampole. It is called
Hampole Wood, and although a small wood, the trees there may be direct descendants of the trees of Barndale Forest. The same could be said of the woodland that resides around a nearby stately home, Brodsworth Hall.
At Barnsdale Bar there is a 1200 yard railway tunnel which although closed in the 1960's is in remarkable condition and is part of the former
Hull and Barnsley Railway
Connections between the Barnsdale area and the Robin Hood legend
In the earliest medieval ballads of Robin Hood, the 'bold outlaw' is stated as having made Barnsdale Forest his abode and base of operations (as an example, see
A Gest of Robyn Hode[http://www.lib.rochester.edu/CAMELOT/teams/gest.htm] ). This is in direct contradiction of what many believe - that Robin Hood resided in Sherwood Forest, some fifty miles to the south of Barnsdale, in Nottinghamshire. Some believe that this is evidence of a historical Robin Hood who was a Yorkshireman. However it is possible that the two forests were so large that they conjoined together at this period in history; indeed, the two forests may even have been one great forest in this respect.
There is also
Robin Hood's Well, a small monument (apparently designed by John Vanbrugh) lying right next to the A1 between the Red House junction and Barnsdale Bar; in between the villages of Skelbrookeand Burghwallis. It was however moved around 1960 when the junction was being constructed, so the real well is now beneath the A1. For an interesting article on the well, see this page: [http://www.britannia.com/tours/rhood/rhwella1.html]
Yet another well -
Little John's Well- lies to the west of Hampole, between Wrangbrookand Skelbrooke(but closer to the latter). It is also called Little John's Cave. Situated by the A638, to the west of Barnsdale, it was once engraved with the outlaws' name but is now derelict.
South of Barnsdale Bar, the A1 follows the old
Roman Roadof Ermine Street- at Barnsdale Bar the A639 follows the course of the Roman Road more closely whilst the A1 follows a more recent route. A number of villages and geological features along this route are mentioned in the early ballads of Robin Hood as being places the outlaw would visit. In Hanging Wood, also known as Highfields Wood, which lies between Hampoleand Highfields, coord|53|33|39.96|N|1|11|58.68|W| a small stream known as Robin Hood's stream springs from underneath the Roman Road and runs into the Pick burn.
The 'Woodlands' Model Village
Perhaps the best known feature of modern-day Barnsdale, is the
model villageof Woodlands which lies about 4 miles south of Barnsdale Bar between the Roman Roadand the historic Great North Road, here numbered as the A638 following the construction in 1960 of the A1(M) Doncaster by-pass.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Barnsdale — ist die heute nicht mehr geläufige Bezeichnung für eine kleine, historische Region im südlichen Teil der englischen Grafschaft Yorkshire, anzusiedeln etwa nördlich der heutigen Stadt Doncaster. Geschichte Erstmals schriftlich erwähnt wurde die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Barnsdale — This interesting surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational name from a place thus called in Rutland, east of Oakham. The placename was recorded as Bernardeshull in the 1202 Assize Court Rolls, and derives from the Olde English pre 7th … Surnames reference
Barnsdale (Geoff Hamilton garden) — Geoff Hamilton began developing the garden in 1983 from what was then a ploughed field. It now covers convert|8|acre|m2, comprising 37 individual gardens and features.External links* [http://www.barnsdalegardens.co.uk Barnsdale Gardens] official… … Wikipedia
John Barnsdale — (May 24, 1878 mdash; August 5, 1960) was an English cricketer. He was a right handed batsman and wicket keeper who played for Nottinghamshire. He was born in Arnold and died in Farnham.Barnsdale made just one first class appearance, against… … Wikipedia
Eagle Barnsdale — is a village in the United Kingdom. Its local authority is Lincolnshire. The city of Lincoln lies to the northeast. The village of Eagle is nearby, to the north. Its coordinates are coord|53.19|N|00.69|W|region:GB and the OS grid reference is… … Wikipedia
Robin Hood — is an archetypal figure in English folklore, whose story originates from medieval times but who remains significant in popular culture where he is painted as a man known for robbing the rich to give to the poor and fighting against injustice and… … Wikipedia
Bertram Stevens (politician) — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = Sir name = Bertram Stevens honorific suffix = KCMG imagesize = small caption = Sir Bertram Stevens (centre, seated) with members of his cabinet order = 25th office = Premier of New South Wales term start =… … Wikipedia
Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield — Doncaster Sheffield Airport IATA … Wikipedia
Barnsdall — This uncommon surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational name either from the hamlet of Barnsdale, north of Doncaster in the West Riding of Yorkshire, or from Barnsdale, east of Oakham in Rutland. The latter place, recorded as… … Surnames reference
Eagle, Lincolnshire — Eagle is a small, quiet, X shaped village, south west of Lincoln, England. It lies close to the A46 road. The village has a church, a primary school, a post office and a pub, called The Struggler . The village has a local monthly newsletter… … Wikipedia