Olten–Lausanne railway line


Olten–Lausanne railway line
Intercity train on the Mattstetten–Rothrist line
Legend
Straight track
To Zurich
Junction from right
To Basel
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
39.3 Olten (396 m MSL)
Junction to right
to Solothurn
Track turning from left Unknown BSicon "ABZrl" Track turning from right
Born line branches to the left
Small bridge over water Water turning from right Straight track
Kessiloch bridge 218 m
Enter tunnel Water Enter and exit short tunnel
Born / Aarburg tunnels (810 / 87 m)
Unknown BSicon "tSTR" Water Station on track
43.0 Aarburg-Oftringen (412 m MSL)
Exit tunnel Water Junction to left
To Lucerne
Straight track Water Junction from left
From Lucerne
Small bridge over water Water turning right Straight track
Aare bridge (319 m)
Unknown BSicon "AKRZo" Unknown BSicon "AKRZo"
A1 bridge (183 m)
Track turning left Unknown BSicon "ABZlr" Track turning right
Born line branches to the left
Station on track
46.3
56.4
Rothrist (407 m MSL)
Non-passenger station/depot on track
55.2 Rothrist West
Track turning from left Junction to right
(55.2) New line branches to the left
Straight track Enter tunnel
(49.2) Murgenthal tunnel (4,745 m)
Stop on track Exit tunnel
Murgenthal (414 m)
Track turning left Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Track turning from right
Murgbrücke (223 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel Straight track
(48.2) Aegerten tunnel (657 m)
Track turning from left Track turning right Stop on track
Roggwil-Wynau (432 m)
Straight track Waterway turning from left Unknown BSicon "mKRZu"
Aare Seeland mobil to Melchnau
Enter tunnel Urban straight track Straight track
(42.9) Langenthal tunnel (10,107 m)
Unknown BSicon "mtKRZ" Unknown BSicon "uABZlg" Straight track
Aare Seeland mobil to Niederbipp
Exit tunnel Unknown BSicon "uKHSTe" Station on track
Langenthal (472 m)
Track turning left Track turning from right Junction to left
BLS AG to Huttwil and Wolhusen
Enter and exit short tunnel Enter and exit short tunnel
(40.3) Thunstetten tunnel (889 m)
Straight track Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Bützberg, line moved away from former station
Enter and exit short tunnel Straight track
Badwald wildlife crossing (80 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel Straight track
(38.6) Gishübel tunnel (855 m)
Non-passenger station/depot on track Straight track
37.0 Wanzwil
Straight track Straight track Straight track
From Solothurn
Junction from left Junction to right Straight track
37.0
Station on track Straight track Straight track
Solothurn
Straight track Straight track Straight track
To Neuchâtel
Straight track Unknown BSicon "eABZlg"
From Solothurn
Straight track Stop on track
Herzogenbuchsee (464 m)
Enter and exit tunnel Straight track
(33.1) Önzberg tunnel (3,173 m)
Enter and exit tunnel Straight track
(30.1) Heriswil tunnel (1,000 m)
Straight track Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Riedtwil (496 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel Straight track
(24.4) Neuschläg wildlife crossing (60 m)
Straight track Stop on track
Wynigen (527 m)
Straight track Enter and exit tunnel
Burgdorf tunnel (510 m)
Straight track Large bridge
Grosse Emme-Brücke Burgdorf (55 m)
Enter tunnel Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
Burgdorf (533 m)
Unknown BSicon "tKRZ" Junction to right
BLS AG to Solothurn
Exit tunnel Straight track
(19.3) Emmequerungs tunnel (1633 m)
Straight track Junction to left
BLS AG to Hasle-Rüegsau–Langnau/Thun
Enter and exit short tunnel Straight track
(18.4) Rüdtlingen tunnel (Chäs tunnel) (400 m)
Straight track Unknown BSicon "SHST"
Lyssach 517 m
Enter and exit short tunnel Straight track
(17.1) Birchiwald wildlife crossing (60 m)
Straight track Unknown BSicon "SHST"
Hindelbank 516 m
Track turning from left Unknown BSicon "KRZu" Junction to right
Straight track Junction from left Track turning right
New line branches to the left
Unknown BSicon "eHST" Non-passenger station/depot on track
12.3 Mattstetten / Äspli bei Mattstetten
Straight track Track turning left Track turning from right
Track turning left Track turning from right Enter tunnel
Urban track turning from right Straight track Unknown BSicon "tSTR"
From Solothurn
Urban stop on track Unknown BSicon "SHST" Unknown BSicon "tSTR"
Schönbühl
Urban stop on track Straight track Unknown BSicon "tSTR"
Moosseedorf
Waterway under railway bridge Junction from right Unknown BSicon "tSTR"
From Biel/Bienne
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "SHST" Unknown BSicon "tSTR"
Zollikofen / Grauholz Tunnel (6,295 m)
Urban stop on track Straight track Exit tunnel
Oberzollikofen
Unknown BSicon "uABZdg" Unknown BSicon "mKRZo" Unknown BSicon "mKRZo"
RBS
Urban stop on track Straight track Straight track
Worblaufen
Urban straight track Track turning left Junction from right
Grauholz line branches to the right
Unknown BSicon "uWBRÜCKE1" Water turning from right Non-passenger station/depot on track
4.9
101.3
Löchligut
Urban straight track Water Small bridge
Worblaufen / Worblental (70/206 m)
Enter urban tunnel Water Junction to left
To Thun
Urban tunnel stop on track Water Unknown BSicon "SHST"
Bern Tiefenau / Wankdorf
Exit urban tunnel Water Junction from left
From Thun, Lötschberg and Interlaken
Urban straight track Water Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
103.3 Bern Wylerfeld (Original Bern Station)
Urban stop on track Water Straight track
Bern Felsenau
Enter urban tunnel Water turning left Bridge over water
Aare River, Lorraine viaduct (1,150 m)
Unknown BSicon "utSTRlf " Unknown BSicon "utKBHFr" Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
Bern
Track turning from left Track turning right
Junction to right
To Neuchâtel
Junction to left
To Thun and Schwarzenburg
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
94.1 Bern Ausserholligen SBB (562 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
93.0 Bern Bümpliz Süd (562 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
91.0 Niederwangen (568 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
89.4 Oberwangen (575 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
88.2 Thörishaus (585 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
86.9 Thörishaus Dorf (575 m)
Large bridge
Sense-Brücke Thörishaus (75 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
84.0 Flamatt (552 m)
Junction to right
To Laupen
Enter and exit short tunnel
Flamatt Tunnel (510 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
80.3 Wünnewil (588 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
Mühletal Tunnel (399 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
77.8 Schmitten (606 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
72.2 Düdingen (596 m)
Large bridge
Toggeliloch-Brücke (110 m)
Bridge over water
Grandfey Viaduct over the Saane (352 m)
Junction from right
To Murten and Yverdon
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
66.0 Fribourg (629 m)
Stop on track
62.1 Villars-sur-Glâne (640 m)
Stop on track
60.4 Matran (643 m)
Stop on track
57.5 Rosé (668 m)
Stop on track
55.4 Neyruz (686 m)
Stop on track
52.4 Cottens (713 m)
Stop on track
49.6 Chénens (722 m)
Large bridge
Macconnens-Brücke (70 m)
Stop on track
45.0 Villaz-St-Pierre (706 m)
Station on track
40.2 Romont (707 m)
Junction to left
Transports publics Fribourgeois to Bulle
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
35.3 Siviriez (737 m)
Unknown BSicon "eABZlf" Unknown BSicon "exSTRlg"
Enter and exit tunnel Unknown BSicon "exTUNNEL2"
Vauderens Tunnel (new / old) (1,975 / 921m)
Unknown BSicon "eABZrg" Unknown BSicon "exSTRrf"
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
30.5 Vauderens (757 m)
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
24.4 Oron-la-Ville (700 m)
Junction from right
From Payerne
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF" Urban head station
20.6 Palézieux (669 m)
Straight track Waterway turning to left
TPF to Châtel-St-Denis and Bulle
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
14.6 Moreillon (657 m MSL)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
12.2 Puidoux-Chexbres (617 m)
Junction to left
to Vevey
Enter and exit short tunnel
Cornallaz-Tunnel (494 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
Grandvaux-Tunnel (392 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
8.3 Grandvaux (565 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
Châtelard-Tunnel (48 m)
Large bridge
Châtelard-Brücke (117 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
5.8 Bossière (524 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
4.0 La Conversion (500 m)
Large bridge
Rochettaz Bridge (177 m)
Enter and exit short tunnel
Perraudettaz Tunnel (38 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
2.3 Pully-Nord (473 m)
Junction from left
Simplon line from Montreux and Brig
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
0.0 Lausanne (447 m)
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
4.5 Renens
Junction both to and from right
To Neuchâtel
Straight track
To Geneva

The Olten–Lausanne railway line is one of the major railway lines of Switzerland, running between the major rail hub of Olten—where lines from Zurich, Basel, Bern, Lucerne and Neuchâtel come together—the Swiss capital of Bern and the city of Lausanne. It is known as the Mittellandlinie ("midland line") in German. The first part of the line was opened in 1856 and the original line was completed on 4 September 1862. The line was built by the Swiss Central Railway, which was taken over by the Swiss Federal Railways on its establishment in 1902.

Several important upgrades have been implemented on this line since 1981. The Born line was opened in 1981 to bypass a congested section of line around Aarburg Oftringen station and the longer Grauholz line, including the 6-kilometre-long (3.7 mi) tunnel Grauholz Tunnel, was opened in 1995. This was extended on 12 December 2004, when the first major high-speed Mattstetten–Rothrist line was opened, although it is limited to 200 km/h. This line is notable for having the heaviest traffic operating under the European Train Control System so far.

Contents

History

The oldest section of the line opened on 9 June 1856 from Olten to Aarburg-Oftringen as part of a line built by the Swiss Central Railway (German: Schweizerische Centralbahn) between Aarau, Olten, Aarburg and Emmenbrücke (near Lucerne). On 16 March 1857 the company opened the section from Aarburg-Oftringen to Herzogenbuchsee; three months later a branch line to Solothurn to the Jura foot line was opened to traffic. Only 15 days later, on 16 June 1857, this was followed by the extension of the line from Herzogenbuchsee to Burgdorf and Zollikofen to the edge of the city of Bern at Wylerfeld. Since the railway bridge over the Aare river not yet built, a temporary station was established at Wylerfeld and for over a year, travellers were taken by coach from Wylerfeld to the city. Also a pedestrian link was opened at that time via the Altenbergsteg bridge below the site of the Kornhaus road bridge (which was completed in 1898). Finally on 15 November 1858, the Aare Bridge (known as the Rote Brücke, German for "red bridge") because of its red lead rust-proof paint) was completed and the first train crossed the bridge and ran into Bern. Since the station building was still under construction, a temporary train shed was built. On 1 May 1860, the permanent Bern station was opened.

The Canton of Fribourg delayed the construction of the line from Bern to Lausanne in a bid to have it run through the city of Fribourg rather than on flatter land further west; in 1857 the Swiss government, the canton of Vaud and the West Switzerland Company gave in, allowing construction to commence on the line.[1] On 2 July 1860, the line opened from Bern to the northern end of the 352 metre-long Grandfey Viaduct being built over the Saane river in Balliswil, near Fribourg. The Bern–Thörishaus section was built by the Swiss Central Railway and the Thörishaus–Ballenwil section by the Lausanne–Fribourg–Bern Railway (French: Chemin de fer Lausanne-Fribourg-Berne, LFB). It took another two years of hard work to complete the Grandfey Viaduct before the line from Fribourg and Lausanne was open to traffic. From 4 September 1862 two rail tracks were consistently open to traffic from Olten to Lausanne. The line was taken over by the Swiss Federal Railways on its establishement in 1902.

Born line

The Born line, named after Born mountain, which it passes, was opened on 2 April 1981, to bypass the Aarburg Oftringen station, connecting Olten station directly with Rothrist station. It is now the access route to the Mattstetten–Rothrist new line.

The line from Olten to Aarburg-Oftringen was limited to 40 km/h and therefore was an obstacle to the operation of express trains between Bern and Zurich. This line also had to absorb all trains to Bern and Lucerne on two tracks and had therefore reached capacity. Therefore, the SBB the construction of a new line between Olten and Rothrist, coinciding with the modernization of Olten station. Construction started in 1976 and scheduled operations on the line began on 31 May 1981.[2]

The line is designed for a maximum speed of 140 km/h and although it is only 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) long it saved 3–4 minutes between Zurich and Bern. In addition, together with the modernization of Olten station, it significantly increased the capacity of the lines from Olten to Bern and Lucerne.[2]

Grauholz line and tunnel

The Grauholz Tunnel is a 6,295 metres (6,884 yd) long, double track tunnel opened in 1995 northeast of Bern, which relieved a bottleneck of the Bern-Zollikofen created by the addition of the traffic from the line from Biel to the mainline from Olten. It starts with a grade-separated branch at Löchligut and then enters the Grauholz Tunnel. At the other end, from 1995–2004 it rejoined the trunk line Bern-Olten line at Mattstetten. Since 2004 there is a grade-separated branch at Äspli, which runs straight on to the Mattstetten–Rothrist new line. For its entire length the tunnel runs on an "s"-shaped curve underneath the wooded Grauholz hill where the Bernese were defeated by French troops at the Battle of Grauholz on 5 March 1798.

Mattstetten–Rothrist new line

On 12 December 2004, a new high-speed rail line was opened between Mattstetten and Rothrist as part of the comprehensive Rail 2000 project. It is almost 52 kilometres (32 mi) long, with one branch to Solothurn and the Jura foot railway line to Neuchâtel, Yverdon and Geneva. The line has a maximum speed of 200 kilometers per hour and reduced the travel time between major Swiss hubs of Bern, Basel and Zurich to under an hour allowing the regular interval timetable (German: Taktfahrplan) to be put into effect, where both express and stopping trains on all lines arrive and leave on the hour at Bern and Zurich stations, allowing a great number of convenient connections. The line was the longest new line built in Switzerland since 1926. Construction began in April 1996 and was planned to be completed date in 2005.[3] On 30 April 2004, the last piece of rail was put in to place at the Bern-Solothurn canton border at Inkwil on the connection to Solothurn.[4]

References

  1. ^ Hans-Peter, Bärtschi (1998-2009). "Eisenbahnen, 2 - Die Bauperiode 1850-1870 (Railways, construction period 1850-1870)" (in German). Historischen Lexikon der Schweiz. http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/d/D7961-1-2.php. Retrieved 1 July 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Jedelhauser, Anton (1981). "Die neue SBB-Linie Olten-Rothrist" (in German). Schweizer Ingenieur und Architekt (99): 1058–1063. 
  3. ^ "Baubeginn" (in German). Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau 45 (10): 593. 1996. 
  4. ^ "Neubaustrecke Mattstetten–Rothrist fertiggestellt" (in German). Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau 53 (6): 593. 2004. 

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