Kagoshima


Kagoshima
Kagoshima
鹿児島
—  Core city  —
鹿児島市 · Kagoshima City
From top left: Kagoshima with Sakurajima in background, Statue of Saigō Takamori, Kagoshima Castle, Sengan-en, Statue of Ōkubo Toshimichi, Night view from Mt. Shiroyama

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Location of Kagoshima in Kagoshima
Kagoshima is located in Japan
Kagoshima
 
Coordinates: 31°36′N 130°33′E / 31.6°N 130.55°E / 31.6; 130.55Coordinates: 31°36′N 130°33′E / 31.6°N 130.55°E / 31.6; 130.55
Country Japan
Region Kyūshū
Prefecture Kagoshima
Government
 – Mayor Hiroyuki Mori
Area
 – Total 547.05 km2 (211.2 sq mi)
Population (January 1, 2010)
 – Total 605,855
 – Density 1,107.49/km2 (2,868.4/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City Symbols
- Tree Camphor
- Flower Kyōchikutō
Phone number 099-224-1111
Address 11-1 Yamashita-machi, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima-ken
892-8677
Website City of Kagoshima

Kagoshima (鹿児島市 Kagoshima-shi?) is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southwestern tip of the Kyūshū island of Japan, and the largest city in the prefecture by some margin. It has been nicknamed the "Naples of the Eastern world" for its bay location (Aira Caldera), hot climate and impressive stratovolcano, Sakurajima.

As of 1 January 2010, the city had an estimated population of 605,855 and a density of 1,107.49 persons per km². The total area is 546.71 km². In 2003, the city had an estimated population of only 554,136 and density of 1,911.41 persons per km². The total area was 289.91 km².

The city's total area nearly doubled between 2003 and 2005 as a result of five towns—the towns of Kōriyama and Matsumoto, both from Hioki District, the town of Kiire, from Ibusuki District, and the towns of Sakurajima and Yoshida, both from Kagoshima District—merging into Kagoshima on November 1, 2004.

Kagoshima is approximately 40 minutes from Kagoshima Airport, and the city features large shopping districts and malls, is served by trams, and has many restaurants featuring Satsuma Province regional cuisine: kibi (a kind of tiny fish), tonkatsu (caramelized pork, as opposed to the breaded version encountered elsewhere in Japan), smoked eel, and karukan (sweet cakes made from steamed yams and rice flour). A large, modern aquarium has been installed on the old docks overlooking the volcano. The Sengan-en (Isoteien) Japanese garden is just outside the city.

The St. Xavier church is a reminder of the first Christians who came to Japan.

One of the best places to see the city (and the active volcano across the bay) is from the Amuran Ferris wheel on top of Amu Plaza Kagoshima, the shopping centre attached to the main Kagoshima-Chūō Station.

Contents

History

Kagoshima was the center of the territory of the Shimazu clan of samurai for many centuries. It was a busy political and commercial port city throughout the medieval period and into the Edo period (1603–1867) when it formally became the capital of the Shimazu's fief, the Satsuma Domain. The official emblem is designed Shimazu's kamon to shape of the character "市"(shi, means "city"). Satsuma remained one of the most powerful and wealthiest domains in the country throughout the period, and though international trade was banned for much of this period, the city remained quite active and prosperous. It served not only as the political center for Satsuma, but also for the semi-independent vassal kingdom of Ryūkyū; Ryukyuan traders and emissaries frequented the city, and a special Ryukyuan embassy building was established to help administer relations between the two polities and to house visitors and emissaries. Kagoshima was also a significant center of Christian activity in Japan prior to the imposition of bans against that religion in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.

Map of the Bombardment of Kagoshima on 15 to 18 August 1863

Kagoshima was bombarded by the British Royal Navy in 1863 to punish the daimyō of Satsuma for the murder of Charles Lennox Richardson on the Tōkaidō highway the previous year and its refusal to pay an indemnity in compensation. (See 'Bombardment of Kagoshima').

Kagoshima was the birthplace and scene of the last stand of Saigō Takamori, a legendary figure in Meiji Japan in 1877 at the end of the Satsuma Rebellion.

Japan's industrial revolution is said to have started here, stimulated by the young students' train station. Seventeen young men of Satsuma broke the Tokugawa ban on foreign travel, traveling first to England and then the United States before returning to share the benefits of the best of Western science and technology.[citation needed] A statue was erected outside of the train station as a tribute to them. The city was officially founded on 1 April 1889.

Kagoshima was also the birthplace of Tōgō Heihachirō. After naval studies in England between 1871 and 1878, Togo's role as Chief Admiral of the Grand Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Russo-Japanese War made him a legend in Japanese military history, and earned him the nickname 'Nelson of the Orient' in Britain. He led the Grand Fleet to two startling victories in 1904 and 1905, completely destroying Russia as a naval power in the East, and thereby contributing to the failed revolution in Russia in 1905.

The city covered deep in ash after the 1914 eruption of the Sakurajima volcano which is seen in the distance across the bay

The 1914 eruption of the volcano across the bay from the city spread ash throughout the municipality, but relatively little disruption ensued.[1]

On August 6, 1993, a heavy torrential rain and debris landslide, following hit flood in around area, include Ryugamizu area, which 49 persons lives in natural disaster.[citation needed]

Shinkansen (bullet train) service opened on 13 March 2004 between Kagoshima-chūō and Shin-Yatsushiro.

Sadomitsu Sakoguchi, the renowned Japanese diplomat, revolutionized Kagoshima's environmental economic plan with his dissertation on water pollution and orange harvesting.

Today, Kagoshima is home to a distinctive dialect of Japanese, differing from the usual Kyūshū dialects with its pronunciations of the yotsugana.

Climate

Kagoshima has a humid subtropical climate, marked by cool, relatively dry winters, warm, wet springs, hot, wet summers and mild, wet falls.

Climate data for Kagoshima, Japan (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.5
(56.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.5
(76.1)
27.2
(81.0)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
29.7
(85.5)
25.1
(77.2)
19.9
(67.8)
15.0
(59.0)
22.4
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.2
(68.4)
23.6
(74.5)
27.9
(82.2)
28.2
(82.8)
25.8
(78.4)
20.8
(69.4)
15.6
(60.1)
10.4
(50.7)
18.3
Average low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.4
(41.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.6
(54.7)
16.7
(62.1)
20.6
(69.1)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
22.4
(72.3)
16.9
(62.4)
11.5
(52.7)
6.1
(43.0)
14.5
Precipitation mm (inches) 79.4
(3.126)
104.9
(4.13)
180.7
(7.114)
227.7
(8.965)
232.2
(9.142)
442.9
(17.437)
313.5
(12.343)
224.4
(8.835)
227.4
(8.953)
104.6
(4.118)
73.8
(2.906)
67.5
(2.657)
2,279.0
(89.724)
Snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
humidity 65 66 69 71 71 78 76 76 73 70 69 69 71
Avg. snowy days 2.2 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 5.9
Sunshine hours 136.9 129.1 145.7 160.5 171.0 122.4 191.1 206.7 168.8 183.4 152.0 151.3 1,918.9
Source: [2]

Points of interest

Tenmonkan G3

Festivals

The Kagoshima Ohara Festival is the most famous festival in Kagoshima. It began in 1949 and is held annually on November 2 and 3. Among the festivities is a public traditional dance held at the main street in the Tenmonkan area, drawing as many as a thousand dancers.[citation needed]

Neighboring municipalities

Kagoshima City Hall

Transport

Railways

All lines are operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyūshū)

Tramway

  • Kagoshima city tram Taniyama Line
  • Kagoshima city tram Korimoto Line

Highways

Bus

  • Kagoshima City Bus
  • Kagoshima Kotsu
  • Iwasaki Bus Network
  • Nangoku Kotsu
  • JR Kyushu bus
  • MTA Bus

Ferry/jetfoil

  • Sakurajima Ferry
  • A Line (to southern islands)
  • Marix Line (to southern islands)
  • RKK Line (to Okinawa, cargo only)
  • Toppy (to Tanegashima and Yakushima)
  • Seahawk (to Koshikijima Islands)

Airport

Kagoshima Airport in Kirishima (35 km NE of Kagoshima)

Sister cities

Kagoshima is sister cities with

and friendship cities with

See also

  • 1993 Kagoshima Heavy Rain
  • Kagoshima ramen
  • Sakurajima daikon

References

  • Amu Plaza Visitors Guide (2006) available in Amu Plaza, Chūō Station, Kagoshima, Japan

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kagoshima — shi 鹿児島市 Geographische Lage in Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kagoshima — shi (鹿児島市) Administration Pays Japon Région Kyūshū Préfecture …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kagoshima —   [ ʃ ], Hauptstadt der Präfektur Kagoshima, auf der Insel Kyūshū, Japan, 542 000 Einwohner, an der Kagoshimabucht (aus zwei vulkanischen Calderen entstanden, geteilt durch die vulkanische Sakurahalbinsel); Wirtschaftshochschule; Nahrungsmittel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kagoshima — Kagoshima, Kenhauptstadt in der ehemal. japan. Prov. Satsuma, auf der Insel Kiushiu, (1903) 59.001 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kagoshima — v. et port du Japon au S. de l île de Kyûshû; ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom; 530 500 hab. Industr. Centre spatial …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kagoshima — [kä′gō shē′mä] seaport on the S coast of Kyushu, Japan: pop. 534,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kagoshima-jo — Château de Kagoshima Kagoshima jô Le château de Kagoshima (鹿児島城 kagoshimajō) est un château japonais situé à Kagoshima. Le construction du château a été ordonnée par Iehisa Shimazu (un membre de la famille Shimazu) en 1601. Ce château est parfois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kagoshima-jô — Château de Kagoshima Kagoshima jô Le château de Kagoshima (鹿児島城 kagoshimajō) est un château japonais situé à Kagoshima. Le construction du château a été ordonnée par Iehisa Shimazu (un membre de la famille Shimazu) en 1601. Ce château est parfois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kagoshima — /kah gaw shee mah/, n. a seaport on S Kyushu, in SW Japan. 505,077. * * * ▪ prefecture, Japan  city and ken (prefecture), southernmost Kyushu, Japan, including the island groups of Ōsumi, Tokara, and Amami. It occupies an area of 3,539 square… …   Universalium

  • kagoshima — |kägə|shēmə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Kagoshima, city on the south coast of Kyushu, Japan : of or from the city of Kagoshima, Japan : of the kind or style prevalent in Kagoshima …   Useful english dictionary


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