— Core city — 鹿児島市 · Kagoshima City Sakurajima in background, Statue of Saigō Takamori, Kagoshima Castle, Sengan-en, Statue of Ōkubo Toshimichi, Night view from Mt. Shiroyama
Kagoshima Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Japan Region Kyūshū Prefecture Kagoshima Government – Mayor Hiroyuki Mori Area – Total 547.05 km2 (211.2 sq mi) Population (January 1, 2010) – Total 605,855 – Density 1,107.49/km2 (2,868.4/sq mi) Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9) City Symbols - Tree Camphor - Flower Kyōchikutō Phone number 099-224-1111 Address 11-1 Yamashita-machi, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima-ken
Website City of Kagoshima
Kagoshima (鹿児島市 Kagoshima-shi ) is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southwestern tip of the Kyūshū island of Japan, and the largest city in the prefecture by some margin. It has been nicknamed the "Naples of the Eastern world" for its bay location (Aira Caldera), hot climate and impressive stratovolcano, Sakurajima.
As of 1 January 2010, the city had an estimated population of 605,855 and a density of 1,107.49 persons per km². The total area is 546.71 km². In 2003, the city had an estimated population of only 554,136 and density of 1,911.41 persons per km². The total area was 289.91 km².
The city's total area nearly doubled between 2003 and 2005 as a result of five towns—the towns of Kōriyama and Matsumoto, both from Hioki District, the town of Kiire, from Ibusuki District, and the towns of Sakurajima and Yoshida, both from Kagoshima District—merging into Kagoshima on November 1, 2004.
Kagoshima is approximately 40 minutes from Kagoshima Airport, and the city features large shopping districts and malls, is served by trams, and has many restaurants featuring Satsuma Province regional cuisine: kibi (a kind of tiny fish), tonkatsu (caramelized pork, as opposed to the breaded version encountered elsewhere in Japan), smoked eel, and karukan (sweet cakes made from steamed yams and rice flour). A large, modern aquarium has been installed on the old docks overlooking the volcano. The Sengan-en (Isoteien) Japanese garden is just outside the city.
The St. Xavier church is a reminder of the first Christians who came to Japan.
One of the best places to see the city (and the active volcano across the bay) is from the Amuran Ferris wheel on top of Amu Plaza Kagoshima, the shopping centre attached to the main Kagoshima-Chūō Station.
Kagoshima was the center of the territory of the Shimazu clan of samurai for many centuries. It was a busy political and commercial port city throughout the medieval period and into the Edo period (1603–1867) when it formally became the capital of the Shimazu's fief, the Satsuma Domain. The official emblem is designed Shimazu's kamon to shape of the character "市"(shi, means "city"). Satsuma remained one of the most powerful and wealthiest domains in the country throughout the period, and though international trade was banned for much of this period, the city remained quite active and prosperous. It served not only as the political center for Satsuma, but also for the semi-independent vassal kingdom of Ryūkyū; Ryukyuan traders and emissaries frequented the city, and a special Ryukyuan embassy building was established to help administer relations between the two polities and to house visitors and emissaries. Kagoshima was also a significant center of Christian activity in Japan prior to the imposition of bans against that religion in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Kagoshima was bombarded by the British Royal Navy in 1863 to punish the daimyō of Satsuma for the murder of Charles Lennox Richardson on the Tōkaidō highway the previous year and its refusal to pay an indemnity in compensation. (See 'Bombardment of Kagoshima').
Japan's industrial revolution is said to have started here, stimulated by the young students' train station. Seventeen young men of Satsuma broke the Tokugawa ban on foreign travel, traveling first to England and then the United States before returning to share the benefits of the best of Western science and technology. A statue was erected outside of the train station as a tribute to them. The city was officially founded on 1 April 1889.
Kagoshima was also the birthplace of Tōgō Heihachirō. After naval studies in England between 1871 and 1878, Togo's role as Chief Admiral of the Grand Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Russo-Japanese War made him a legend in Japanese military history, and earned him the nickname 'Nelson of the Orient' in Britain. He led the Grand Fleet to two startling victories in 1904 and 1905, completely destroying Russia as a naval power in the East, and thereby contributing to the failed revolution in Russia in 1905.
The 1914 eruption of the volcano across the bay from the city spread ash throughout the municipality, but relatively little disruption ensued.
On August 6, 1993, a heavy torrential rain and debris landslide, following hit flood in around area, include Ryugamizu area, which 49 persons lives in natural disaster.
Sadomitsu Sakoguchi, the renowned Japanese diplomat, revolutionized Kagoshima's environmental economic plan with his dissertation on water pollution and orange harvesting.
Kagoshima has a humid subtropical climate, marked by cool, relatively dry winters, warm, wet springs, hot, wet summers and mild, wet falls.
Climate data for Kagoshima, Japan (1971-2000) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 12.6
22.4 Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3
18.3 Average low °C (°F) 4.1
14.5 Precipitation mm (inches) 79.4
Snowfall cm (inches) 2
% humidity 65 66 69 71 71 78 76 76 73 70 69 69 71 Avg. snowy days 2.2 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 5.9 Sunshine hours 136.9 129.1 145.7 160.5 171.0 122.4 191.1 206.7 168.8 183.4 152.0 151.3 1,918.9 Source: 
Points of interest
- Ishibashi Park
- Kagoshima Aquarium
- Kagoshima Botanical Garden
- Tenmonkan shopping arcade
The Kagoshima Ohara Festival is the most famous festival in Kagoshima. It began in 1949 and is held annually on November 2 and 3. Among the festivities is a public traditional dance held at the main street in the Tenmonkan area, drawing as many as a thousand dancers.
All lines are operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyūshū)
- Kagoshima city tram Taniyama Line
- Kagoshima city tram Korimoto Line
- National Highway 3
- National Highway 10
- National Highway 58
- National Highway 224
- National Highway 225
- National Highway 226
- National Highway 328
- Kyushu Expressway
- Minami-Kyushu Expressway
- Ibusuki Skyline
- Kagoshima City Bus
- Kagoshima Kotsu
- Iwasaki Bus Network
- Nangoku Kotsu
- JR Kyushu bus
- MTA Bus
- Sakurajima Ferry
- A Line (to southern islands)
- Marix Line (to southern islands)
- RKK Line (to Okinawa, cargo only)
- Toppy (to Tanegashima and Yakushima)
- Seahawk (to Koshikijima Islands)
Kagoshima is sister cities with
and friendship cities with
- 1993 Kagoshima Heavy Rain
- Kagoshima ramen
- Sakurajima daikon
- ^ "Kagoshima", Illustrated London News. 24 January 1914.
- ^ "気象庁 / 平年値（年・月ごとの値）". Japan Meteorological Agency. http://www.data.jma.go.jp/obd/stats/etrn/view/nml_sfc_ym.php?prec_no=88&prec_ch=%8E%AD%8E%99%93%87%8C%A7&block_no=47827&block_ch=%8E%AD%8E%99%93%87&year=&month=&day=&elm=normal&view=.
- Amu Plaza Visitors Guide (2006) available in Amu Plaza, Chūō Station, Kagoshima, Japan
- Kagoshima Prefectural Visitors Bureau official website in English
- Kagoshima travel guide from Wikitravel
- Kagoshima official website in Japanese
- Kagoshima Visitor's Guide from the Kagoshima Internationalization Council
Kagoshima Prefecture Subprefectures Cities Districts Metropolitan cities of Japan Tokyo Metropolis Designated cities Core citiesAkita · Amagasaki · Aomori · Asahikawa · Fukuyama · Funabashi · Gifu · Hakodate · Higashiōsaka · Himeji · Iwaki · Kagoshima · Kanazawa · Kashiwa · Kawagoe · Kōchi · Kōriyama · Kumamoto · Kurashiki · Kurume · Maebashi · Matsuyama · Miyazaki · Morioka · Nagano · Nagasaki · Nara · Nishinomiya · Ōita · Okazaki · Ōtsu · Shimonoseki · Takamatsu · Takasaki · Takatsuki · Toyama · Toyohashi · Toyota · Utsunomiya · Wakayama · Yokosuka Special citiesAkashi · Atsugi · Chigasaki · Fuji · Fukui · Hachinohe · Hirakata · Hiratsuka · Ibaraki · Ichinomiya · Isesaki · Jōetsu · Kakogawa · Kasugai · Kasukabe · Kawaguchi · Kishiwada · Kōfu · Koshigaya · Kumagaya · Kure · Matsumoto · Mito · Nagaoka · Neyagawa · Numazu · Odawara · Ōta · Sasebo · Sōka · Suita · Takarazuka · Tokorozawa · Tottori · Toyonaka · Tsukuba · Yamagata · Yamato · Yao · Yokkaichi Prefectural capitals
(not included above)
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Kagoshima — v. et port du Japon au S. de l île de Kyûshû; ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom; 530 500 hab. Industr. Centre spatial … Encyclopédie Universelle
Kagoshima — [kä′gō shē′mä] seaport on the S coast of Kyushu, Japan: pop. 534,000 … English World dictionary
Kagoshima-jo — Château de Kagoshima Kagoshima jô Le château de Kagoshima (鹿児島城 kagoshimajō) est un château japonais situé à Kagoshima. Le construction du château a été ordonnée par Iehisa Shimazu (un membre de la famille Shimazu) en 1601. Ce château est parfois … Wikipédia en Français
Kagoshima-jô — Château de Kagoshima Kagoshima jô Le château de Kagoshima (鹿児島城 kagoshimajō) est un château japonais situé à Kagoshima. Le construction du château a été ordonnée par Iehisa Shimazu (un membre de la famille Shimazu) en 1601. Ce château est parfois … Wikipédia en Français
Kagoshima — /kah gaw shee mah/, n. a seaport on S Kyushu, in SW Japan. 505,077. * * * ▪ prefecture, Japan city and ken (prefecture), southernmost Kyushu, Japan, including the island groups of Ōsumi, Tokara, and Amami. It occupies an area of 3,539 square… … Universalium
kagoshima — |kägə|shēmə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Kagoshima, city on the south coast of Kyushu, Japan : of or from the city of Kagoshima, Japan : of the kind or style prevalent in Kagoshima … Useful english dictionary