Massoud Abdelhafid

Massoud Abdelhafid

Massoud Abdelhafid was a prominent Libyan general in the regime of Muammar Gaddafi. He has held various positions of government since the 1969 coup d'etat of Muammar Gaddafi including Commander of Military Security,[1] Governor of Southern Libya[2][3] and Head of Security in Major Cities.[4] He is a key figure in Libya's relations with neighbouring Chad and Sudan.[5] Massoud Abdelhafid was a senior commander in the Libyan Army during the Chadian-Libyan conflict.[6] Known for his leadership of Libyan-backed insurrections and wars in Chad, he has been referred to as "Mr Chad".[7]

2011 Libyan civil war

The United Nations Security Council drafted a resolution naming 23 senior Libyan officials in the regime of Muammar Gaddafi to be sanctioned. The resolution, which included travel bans and asset freezes, named Massoud Abdelhafid.[8]

Subsequent to the defection of Abdul Fatah Younis, Muammar Gaddafi designated Abdelhafid to the position of interior minister.[9] General Massoud Abdelhafid led the pro-Gaddafi forces in the city of Sabha during the Battle of Sabha and the Fezzan campaign.[10]

Abdelhafid was reported to have fled to Egypt alongside Interior Minister Nassr al-Mabrouk Abdullah.[11]


  1. ^ Black, CR: Deterring Libya, the Strategic Culture of Muammar Qaddafi, Page 11, The Counter Proliferation Papers, Air University, 2000.
  2. ^, The Telegraph, 2011
  3. ^, The National Council of Tibesti, The Right of Peoples to Self-Determination, 2004.
  4. ^, Libya: Changes Among the Colonels, 1992.
  5. ^ Africa Energy Intelligence: Libya-Chad, Tidjani Thiam, Indigo Publications, 2001.
  6. ^ Correau L: 1977-1979 La Conquete du Nord, Habre a N'Djamena, RFI, 2008, translated link:
  7. ^
  8. ^,7340,L-4034224,00.html, UN draft sanctions names 23 Libyan officials February 2011
  9. ^, Ansamed, March 2011
  10. ^, The Telegraph, All eyes on the desert as the hunt for Gaddafi continues, 2011
  11. ^

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