- Masawaih al-Mardini
Masawaih al-Mardini (Yahyā ibn Masawaih al-Mardini; known as Mesue the Younger) was an Arabian physician. He was born in Mardin, Upper Mesopotamia. After working in Baghdad, he entered to the service of the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah. He died in 1015 in Cairo at the age of ninety.
Masawaih al-Mardini was a Nestorian Christian. He is known due to its books on purgatives and emetics (De medicins laxativis) and on the complete pharmacopoeia in 12 parts called the Antidotarium sive Grabadin medicamentorum, which remained for centuries the standard text-book of pharmacy in the West.
He also described methods of distillation of empyreumatic oils. A method of extracting oil from "some kind of bituminous shale", one of the first descriptions of extraction of shale oil was described by him in the 10th century.
- ^ a b Sarton, George (1975). Introduction to the History of Science: From Homer to Omar Khayyam. 1. R. E. Krieger Pub. Co.. p. 574. ISBN 9780882751726.
- ^ a b c Forbes, R.J. (1970). A Short History of the Art of Distillation from the Beginnings Up to the Death of Cellier Blumenthal. Brill Publishers. pp. 41–42. ISBN 9789004006171. http://books.google.com/books?id=u_tui-7XXF0C&pg=PA41. Retrieved 2009-06-02.
Medicine in the medieval Islamic world Physicians7th century8th century9th century10th centuryQusta ibn Luqa • Abu ul-Ala Shirazi • Abul Hasan al-Tabari • Al-Natili • Qumri • Abu Zayd al-Balkhi • Isaac Israeli ben Solomon • Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi • Abu Sahl 'Isa ibn Yahya al-Masihi • Muvaffak • Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi • Ibn Juljul • Al-Zahrawi • Ibn al-Jazzar • Al-Kaŝkarī • Ibn Abi al-Ashʿath • Ibn al-Batriq • Ibrahim ibn Baks11th century12th centuryAbu al-Bayan ibn al-Mudawwar • Ahmad ibn Farrokh • Ismail Gorgani • Ibn Hubal • Zayn al-Din Gorgani • Maimonides • Serapion the Younger • Ibn Zuhr • Ya'qub ibn Ishaq al-Israili • Abu Jafar ibn Harun of Trujillo • Averroes • Ibn Tufail • Al-Ghafiqi • Ibn Abi al-Hakam • Abu'l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī • Samauʼal Al-Maghribī • Ibn al-Tilmīdh13th centurySa'ad al-Dawla • Al-Shahrazuri • Rashidun al-Suri • Amin al-Din Rashid al-Din Vatvat • Avraham son of Rambam • Da'ud Abu al-Fadl • Al-Dakhwar • Ibn Abi Usaibia • Joseph ben Judah of Ceuta • Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (medieval writer) • Ibn al-Nafis • Zakariya al-Qazwini • Najib ad-Din-e-Samarqandi • Qotb al-Din Shirazi • Ibn al-Quff14th century15th century16th centuryHakim-e-Gilani • Abul Qasim ibn Mohammed al-Ghassani • Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf Concepts Works Centers Influences Influenced
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