Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran


Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran
Mary Stewart
Princess of Scotland; Countess of Arran; Lady Hamilton
Spouse Thomas Boyd, 1st Earl of Arran
James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton
Issue
Margaret Boyd
James Boyd, 2nd Lord Boyd of Kilmarnock
James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran
Hon. Elizabeth Hamilton, Countess of Lennox
Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny
House House of Stewart
Father King James II of Scotland
Mother Mary of Guelders
Born 13 May 1453
Stirling Castle, Scotland
Died May 1488 (aged 35)

Princess Mary, Countess of Arran (13 May 1453 – May 1488)[1] was the eldest daughter of King James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders. Her brother was King James III of Scotland. She married twice; firstly to Thomas Boyd, 1st Earl of Arran; secondly to James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton. It was through her children by her second husband that the Hamilton Earls of Arran and Stewart Lennoxes derived their claim to the Kingdom of Scotland.[2]

King James III of Scotland, brother of Princess Mary Stewart

.

Contents

Family

Mary was born at Stirling Castle, Scotland on 13 May 1453 in Scotland, the eldest daughter of King James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders. She had four brothers including James, who would succeed to the Scottish throne as James III in 1460 upon their father's accidental death by an exploding cannon. She had a younger sister, Margaret, who later became the mistress of William Crichton, 3rd Lord Crichton of Auchingoul, by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Margaret, Countess of Rothes.[1] Mary's mother died in 1463, leaving her an orphan at the age of ten.

Her paternal grandparents were King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort, and her maternal grandparents were Arnold, Duke of Guelders and Catherine of Cleves, daughter of Adolph IV, Duke of Cleves and Marie of Burgundy .

Marriages and issue

Mary was married to her first husband Thomas Boyd before 26 April 1467 when she was almost fourteen years old. The Isle of Arran was given as her dowry; Thomas Boyd was subsequently created Earl of Arran.[1] Law Castle, in Ayrshire was built for the couple. Thomas was also appointed Great Chamberlain of Scotland for life. In 1469, Thomas was sent to escort King James's future consort Princess Margaret from Denmark to Scotland; during his absence the king became alienated from Thomas by the enemies of the Boyd clan who brought false charges of treason against Thomas and his brother, Alexander. Mary, upon hearing that Thomas was to be summoned before the king and Parliament to answer the charges, immediately went to the harbour of Leith to forewarn her husband when his ship docked in July. Mary and Thomas promptly sailed to Denmark.[3] On 22 November 1469 he was attainted, and his title, honours, and estates forfeited to the crown. She later returned to Scotland in an attempt to have her husband cleared of all charges laid against him. Upon her arrival in Scotland, King James detained her in custody in Dean Castle at Kilmarnock until her marriage was annulled. Mary's marriage to Thomas was declared void in 1473.

Thomas and Mary together had two children:

In early 1474, Mary married secondly as his second wife, James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, who was almost forty years her senior. They received a papal dispensation on 26 April 1476 thus legitimising the two children already born to them. Together James and Mary had three children:

Mary's son by her first husband Thomas, James Boyd, 2nd Lord Boyd of Kilmarnock was killed at the age of fifteen by Lord Montgomerie, which ignited a feud that lasted for over seventy years. Margaret, her daughter by Thomas, lived to the age of forty-eight. Although she was married twice, neither marriage produced children.

Mary died in May 1488 at the age of thirty-five.

Due to their proximity to the throne, Mary's descendants, the Hamiltons of Arran and the Stewart Lennoxes, would obtain considerable power, and play conspicuous roles in 16th century Scottish politics; especially effecting the life and reign of Mary, Queen of Scots, the great-granddaughter of her brother, James III.

Ancestors

References

  1. ^ a b c Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Scotland, Kings. Updated 24 May 2011
  2. ^ Antonia Fraser (24 June 2010). Mary Queen Of Scots. Orion. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-0-297-85795-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=k7XPVs8SkwQC. Retrieved 2 October 2011. 
  3. ^ P. Hume Brown, A Short History of Scotland, 1908, retrieved on 24 March 2009
  4. ^ Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), p. 234.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mary of Guise — Queen consort of Scotland Regent of Scotland Tenure 18 May 1538 – 14 December 1542 12 April 1554 – 11 June 1560 Coronation 22 February 1540 …   Wikipedia

  • Mary of Scotland — may refer to: Mary, Queen of Scots (1542–1587), Queen regnant of Scotland from 1542 to 1567 Mary of Scotland (film), a 1936 film about Mary, Queen of Scots, based on the Maxwell Anderson stage play of the same name Mary of Scotland (1082–1116),… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary of Guelders — Queen consort of Scots Reign 3 July 1449 – 3 August 1460 Spouse James II among others …   Wikipedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — For other uses, see Mary, Queen of Scots (disambiguation). Mary Stuart Portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots after François Clouet Queen of Scots …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond — and 6th Duke of Lennox by Sir Peter Lely. Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox KG (7 March 1639 – December 1672) was the only son of George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d Aubigny and Katherine Howard, daughter of Theophilus Howard,… …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Margaret Stewart of Scotland — See also Margaret Stewart. Margaret Stewart Issue Margaret Crichton Sir James Crichton? House House of Stewart Father James II of Scotland Mother Mary of Guelders Margaret Stewart, Princess of Scotland (c. 1455 – ?) was a Scottish …   Wikipedia

  • Darnley, Henry Stewart, Lord — born Dec. 7, 1545, Temple Newsom, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 9/10, 1567, Edinburgh, Scot. English nobleman, second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and father of James I. Son of Matthew Stewart, earl of Lennox (1516–71), a pretender to the… …   Universalium

  • Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma — Patricia Edwina Victoria Knatchbull Born 14 February 1924 (1924 02 14) (age 87) Title …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret of Mar, 31st Countess of Mar — The Countess of Mar Born September 19, 1940 (1940 09 19) (age 71) Title Countess of Mar Lady Garioch Nationality British Predecessor James of Mar, 30th Earl …   Wikipedia

  • James III of Scotland — James III King of Scots Reign 3 August 1460 – 11 June 1488 Coronation 10 August 1460 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.