Hakkâri


Hakkâri
Hakkâri
Hakkâri is located in Turkey
Hakkâri
Location of Hakkâri
Coordinates: 37°29′N 44°19′E / 37.483°N 44.317°E / 37.483; 44.317
Country  Turkey
Region Eastern Anatolia
Province Hakkâri
Government
 – Mayor Fadıl Bedirhanoğlu (BDP)
 – Governor Ayhan Nasuhbeyoğlu
Elevation 1,639 m (5,377 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 – Urban 57,844
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 30xxx
Area code(s) (0090)+ 438
Licence plate 30

Hakkâri, (Syriac: ܗܟܐܪܝ), is a city and the capital of the Hakkâri Province of Turkey. The name Hakkâri is derived from the Syriac word, Akkare, meaning farmers.[2][3] The population of the city at the 2010 census was 57,844.

Contents

History

Hubushkia

Hakkari kurgan stelae

Thirteen stelae, never before seen in Anatolia or the Near East, were found in 1998 in their original location at the centre of Hakkari, a city in the southeastern corner of Turkey. The stelae were carved on upright flagstone-like slabs measuring between 0.7 m to 3.10 m in height. The stones contain only one cut surface, upon which human figures are chiseled. The theme of each stele reveals the foreview of an upper human body. The legs are not represented. Eleven of the stelae depict naked warriors with daggers, spears, and axes--masculine symbols of war. They always hold a drinking vessel made of skin in both hands. Two stelae contain female figures without arms. The stelae may have been carved by different craftsmen using different techniques. Stylistic differences shift from bas relief to a more systematic linearity. The earliest stelae are in the style of bas relief while the latest ones are in a linear style. They were made during a period from the fifteenth century BC to the eleventh century BC by a ruling elite living in Hakkari. Stelae with this type of relief are not common in the ancient Near East however there are many close parallels between these and those produced by a variety of peoples from the Eurasian steppes between the third millennium BC and the eleventh century AD.[4]

Genocide

About 500,000 Assyrian people in the area were killed by Turks and Kurds[5] during the Assyrian Genocide[6].

Climate

Hâkkari has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa). The winters are cold and snowy with an average of −5°C (23°F). The lowest recorded temperature was −22.7°C (−8.86°F) on 07 February 1997. The summer are hot and dry with an average of 25°C (76°F). The highest recorded temperature was 37°C (98.6°F) on 02 August 1991.

Climate data for Hâkkari
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
0.9
(33.6)
6.2
(43.2)
12.7
(54.9)
19.1
(66.4)
25.6
(78.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.8
(87.4)
26.4
(79.5)
18.6
(65.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.3
(36.1)
15.18
(59.33)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
8.2
(46.8)
14.2
(57.6)
20.3
(68.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
20.3
(68.5)
13.1
(55.6)
5.1
(41.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
10.26
(50.46)
Average low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−7
(19.4)
−2
(28.4)
3.9
(39.0)
9.0
(48.2)
14.1
(57.4)
18.2
(64.8)
18.0
(64.4)
13.9
(57.0)
7.9
(46.2)
0.8
(33.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
5.28
(41.51)
Precipitation mm (inches) 83.5
(3.287)
103.7
(4.083)
114.4
(4.504)
120.1
(4.728)
63.1
(2.484)
15.2
(0.598)
3.0
(0.118)
3.9
(0.154)
8.9
(0.35)
56.0
(2.205)
88.8
(3.496)
92.9
(3.657)
753.5
(29.665)
Avg. rainy days 10.9 10.5 12.4 13.3 12.1 4.4 1.4 1 1.6 8.7 9.5 10.1 95.9
Sunshine hours 130.2 145.6 189.1 201 282.1 360 381.3 359.6 306 229.4 162 124 2,870.3
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Twin towns

Hakkâri has 10 twin towns

References

  1. ^ Türkiye istatistik kurumu Address-based population survey 2007. Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  2. ^ Lexeme ')kr)'. Dukhrana.com (2011-01-02). Retrieved on 2011-02-11.
  3. ^ Search Entry. Premiumwanadoo.com. Retrieved on 2011-02-11.
  4. ^ Mystery Stelae. Archaeology.org. Retrieved on 2011-02-11.
  5. ^ Wilhelm Baum, The Christian minorities in Turkey, 2006, p. 98.
  6. ^ Ishaya, Arian. "Ph.D". JAAS. 
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Hakkari, Turkey". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=172850. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 

Links

Coordinates: 37°35′N 43°44′E / 37.583°N 43.733°E / 37.583; 43.733


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