- Languages of Iran
:"This article deals with the languages found in
Iran. The Iranian languagesarticle deals with the linguistic branch of the Indo-European languagesfamily"
The actual population of Iran, based on a census carried out in 2006, is 70,472,846 people. [ [http://www.statoids.com/uir.html Provinces of Iran accessed
March 21, 2007] ]
Different publications have reported different statistics for the languages of Iran; however, it is important to point out that these studies are not based on any official census and that statistics presented by different sources vary significantly. These publications provide neither the sources used nor any indications of the methodologies used to draw their conclusions.
* [http://www.britannica.com/wdpdf/Iran.pdf Britannica's] estimate of Iran’s ethnic composition (2000) states “Persian 34.9%; Azerbaijani 15.9%; Kurd 13.0%; Luri 7.2%; Gilaki 5.1%; Mazandarani 5.1%; Afghan 2.8%; Arab 2.5%; other 13.5%”.
*A second source, [http://www.ethnologue.org/show_country.asp?name=IR Ethnologue] , has a different statistics for the languages spoken in Iran (see Ethnologue below).
There are dozens of languages spoken in Iran. The following are the languages with the greatest number of speakers (Data from the [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People CIA World Factbook] ):
Luri, Gilakiand Mazandarani58%
*Azeri and other
*Other language which comprise the remaining 5%, include Armenian, Assyrian and Brahui, etc.
*Total population 71,800,000(2008 est.)
An extensive list of languages in Iran
The following list details the languages spoken in Iran and lists the total number of speakers for each language: (Data from [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=Iran Ethnologue] ) although the site is controversial due its wide variation from its 1996 edition [ [http://www.christusrex.org/www3/ethno/Iran.html Ethnologue: Iran ] ] as well as the fact that it does not provide sources for their statistics. [ [http://politic.iran-emrooz.net/index.php?/politic/more/13089/ A sample letter to ethnologue about how they arrived at their Azeri population and the response of its editor: "Dear Mazdak, Sorry we cannot help you further with this question. This information was posted by a previous editor, and it probably came from his personal communication with someone else, and was therefore not documented. Regards, Conrad Hurd" accessed
March 21, 2007]
*Mesopotamian Arabic 1,200,000
*Assyrian, Neo-Aramaic 10,00 - 20,000
*Bakhtiari 1,000,000 (350,000 are monolingual)
*Balochi, southern 405,000
*Balochi, western 451,000
*Dari, Zoroastrian 8,000 to 15,000
*Fars, northwestern (small numbers)
*Fars, southwestern (unknown)
*Persian, western 22,5000,000
*Persian, Eastern 1,000,000
*Khorosani Turkish 400,000
*Khoresh e-Rostam (unknown)
*Kurdish, central 1,250,000
*Kurdish, northern 350,000
*Kurdish, southern 3,000,000
*Luri, northern 1,500,000
*Luri, southern 875,000
*Pashto, southern 113,000
*Romani, Balkan (unknown)
*Taromi, upper (unknown)
*Tat, muslim 7,000
* Total sum: 72,423,703Fact|date=February 2007
* Population: 67,503,205
* Discrepancy: 4,920,498Fact|date=February 2007 The sum of the above figures is almost 5 million more than the population despite the fact that the numbers of people who speak certain languages are still “unknown” according to this list.Fact|date=February 2007.
Demographics of Iran
* [http://www.ethnologue.org/show_country.asp?name=IR Ethnologue report for languages of Iran]
* [http://www.britannica.com/wdpdf/Iran.pdf Britannica]
* [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People CIA FactBook]
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