- Marriage à la mode (play)
Marriage à la mode (play) Written by John Dryden Date premiered 1673 Place premiered London Original language English Genre Restoration comedy Setting Sicily
Marriage à la Mode is a Restoration comedy by John Dryden, first performed in London in 1673 by the King's Company. It is written in a combination of prose, blank verse and heroic couplets. It has often been praised as Dryden’s best comedic endeavour, and Sutherland accounts for this by observing that "the comic scenes are beautifully written, and Dryden has taken care to connect them with the serious plot by a number of effective links. He writes with . . . one of the most thoughtful treatments of sex and marriage that Restoration comedy can show."
The play contains two songs, "Why Should a Foolish Marriage Vow" by Robert Smith and "Whilst Alexis Lay Pressed" by Nicholas Staggins, both set to Dryden's lyrics and printed in the 1673 book Choice Songs and Ayres for One Voyce to Sing to the Theorbo-Lute or Bass-Viol.
- POLYDAMAS, Usurper of Sicily.
- LEONIDAS, the rightful Prince, unknown.
- ARGALEON, favourite to POLYDAMAS.
- HERMOGENES, foster-father to LEONIDAS.
- EUBULUS, his friend and companion.
- RHODOPHIL, captain of the guards.
- PALAMEDE, a courtier.
- PALMYRA, daughter to the Usurper.
- AMALTHEA, sister to ARGALEON.
- DORALICE, wife to RHODOPHIL.
- MELANTHA, an affected lady.
- PHILOTIS, woman to MELANTHA.
- BELIZA, woman to DORALICE.
- ARTEMIS, a court lady.
The setting is in Sicily. The plot concerns two separate storylines, one a romance between Palmyra and Leonidas, who were separated from their parents as babies and who were raised together by Hermogenes, who has kept their past a secret. When Hermogenes is recognized by the usurper-king Polydamas, he declares that Leonidas is Polydamas's son. However, as Leonidas's new position of prince then forbids him to marry Palmyra, much misery is brought to the couple. When the lovers refuse to stop seeing each other, Palmyra is sentenced to death. Hermogenes then steps forward and reveals that he was lying before: in fact Leonidas is his own son, he says, and he had lied in the hopes of bettering the boy by making him prince, whereas Palmyra is the real child of Polydamas. After offering proof of this new claim, Palmyra is established as princess, but again this prevents her and Leonidas from marrying. Hermogenes eventually adimits that he once again was withholding information, and reveals the whole truth to Leonidas—Leonidas is the son of the rightful king, whose throne was usurped by Polydamas. As soon as he learns this, Leonidas forms a rebellion against Polydamas, wins, and establishes himself the new king, finally allowing himself and Palmyra to be married.
The second storyline, which intertwines with the first, concerns Rhodophil and his friend Palamede. Palamede has fallen in love with Rhodophil's wife Doralice, and Rhodophil is in love with Palamede's fiancée Melantha. Each of the women seem to find their pursuers agreeable, and great care is taken by all parties to keep their meetings secret from each other, with disastrous results as the two couples seem to always choose the same locations and tactics for meeting. When finally the actions of everyone are discovered, Palamede and Rhodophil decide that since their tastes in women are so similar, each would be best sticking to his rightful claim. Palamede then manages to win the heart of Melantha, and amicably break off his relationship with Doralice.
The King's Company first performed Marriage à la Mode in London in 1673. William Wintershall played Polydamas, Edward Kynaston was Leonidas, Michael Mohun was Rhodophil, and Nicholas Burt was Palamede; the role of Hermogenes was taken by William Cartwright the younger. Elizabeth Cox played Palmyra, Rebecca Marshall played Doralice, Elizabeth James was Amalthea, and Elizabeth Boutell was Melantha.
- ^ "Choice Songs and Ayres for One Voyce to Sing to the Theorbo-Lute or Bass-Viol", London, 1673, printed by W. Godbid.
- ^ Nancy Klein Maguire, Regicide and Restoration: English Tragicomedy, 1660–1671, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992; p. 57.
- ^ John Downes, Roscius Anglicanus, London 1708; Montague Summers, ed., Fortune Press [no date]; reprinted New York, Benjamin Blom, 1963; p. 13.
Works by John Dryden Poetry Plays
The Wild Gallant (1663) · The Indian Emperour (1665) · The Tempest (1667) · An Evening's Love (1668) · Tyrannick Love (1669) · The Conquest of Granada (1670) · The Assignation (1672) · Marriage à la mode (1672) Amboyna (1673) · The Mistaken Husband (1674) · Aureng-zebe (1675) · All for Love (1678) · Oedipus (1679) · Amphitryon (1690)
Essay of Dramatick Poesie (1668)
Fables, Ancient and Modern (1700)
Operas Restoration comedy
Marriage A-la-Mode · The Country Wife · The Libertine · The Man of Mode · The Plain-Dealer · The Rover · The Kind Keeper · The Rover, Part II · The Feigned Courtesans · The Lucky Chance · Bury Fair · Sir Anthony Love · The Wives Excuse · The Old Bachelor · The Double-Dealer · Love For Love · She Ventures and He Wins · Love's Last Shift · The Relapse · The Provoked Wife · Love and a Bottle · The Constant Couple · The Way of the World · The Perjured Husband · The Beau Defeated · Sir Harry Wildair · The Basset Table · The Recruiting Officer · The Beaux' Stratagem · The Busybody
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marriage à-la-mode — may refer to: Marriage à la mode (play), a 1673 Restoration comedy by John Dryden Marriage à la mode (Hogarth), a series of 18th century paintings by William Hogarth Marriage à la Mode (short story), a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield This … Wikipedia
Marriage à la Mode (short story) — Marriage à la Mode is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. It was first published the The Sphere on 31 December 1921, and later reprinted in The Garden Party and Other Stories. Contents 1 Title 2 Plot summary 3 … Wikipedia
Marriage A-la-Mode — This article is about the play by John Dryden; Marriage á la mode is also the name of a series of pictures by William Hogarth. Marriage a la Mode (1672) is a comic play by John Dryden, first performed in London in 1673 by the King s Company. It… … Wikipedia
Marriage-à-la-Mode — (Hyphens.) Play by John Dryden (1672) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Arranged marriage — For the television series, see Arranged Marriage (TV series). For the short film, see Arranged Marriage (film). Marriage à la mode by William Hogarth: a satire on arranged marriages and prediction of ensuing disaster An arranged marriage is a… … Wikipedia
The Man of Mode — Frontispiece to George Etherege s The Man of Mode (1676). The Man of Mode, or, Sir Fopling Flutter is a Restoration comedy by George Etherege, written in 1676 and first performed March 2 of the same year. Gibbons argues that the play offers the… … Wikipedia
MIXED MARRIAGE, INTERMARRIAGE — The terms intermarriage and mixed marriage are used interchangeably. Intermarriage in the present context is defined as a marriage where one partner professes a religion different from that of his spouse. Marriages in which a partner has… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
comedy — comedial /keuh mee dee euhl/, adj. /kom i dee/, n., pl. comedies. 1. a play, movie, etc., of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending; a dramatic work in which the central motif is the triumph over adverse circumstance,… … Universalium
Restoration comedy — is the name given to English comedies written and performed in the Restoration period from 1660 to 1710. After public stage performances had been banned for 18 years by the Puritan regime, the re opening of the theatres in 1660 signalled a… … Wikipedia