Mark P. Leone

Mark P. Leone

Mark Paul Leone[1] (born 1940) is an American archaeologist and professor of Anthropology at the University of Maryland, College Park. Leone was trained in anthropology at the University of Arizona and focused on the "New Archaeology." In 1976, Leone began teaching at the University of Maryland where he became the Chair of the Department of Anthropology between 1993 and 2003 as well Chair of the University Senate in 2000 - 2001. Leone began the “Archaeology in Annapolis” project in 1981.[2]



Leone earned his B.A. in 1963 at Tufts University in history. He received his M.A. in 1966 and Ph.D. in 1968, both from the University of Arizona in anthropology.

Academic career

Leone was an Assistant Professor at the Department of Anthropology at Princeton University from 1968-1975 before moving to the University of Maryland as an Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology from 1976 to 1990. He became a full Professor in 1990. He has been the Director of the University of Maryland Field School in Urban Historical Archaeology since 1982. Leone's research areas include North American archaeology, historical archaeology, and outdoor history museums.[3]

Positions and offices held in professional societies

  • Governor's Consulting Committee on Historic Places in the State of Maryland (nomination panel for the National Register of Historic Places), 1978-1990.
  • American Association of University Professors, College Park Chapter, Secretary 1979; President 1980-1981.
  • Board of Managers, Anthropological Society of Washington, President 1984-1985.
  • Chairman, Government Affairs Committee, Society for American Archaeology, 1986-1988.
  • Treasurer-Elect, 1988; Acting Treasurer, 1989; Treasurer, 1989–1992; Society for American Archaeology.[4]

Other media


  • 2007 Archaeology and Democracy. An Interview with Mark P. Leone. Archaeological Dialogues 14(1):39-59.


  • 2008 “Seeking Liberty: Annapolis, An Imagined Community.” Guest Curator. Banneker-Douglass Museum, the State of Maryland’s Center for African American History and Culture. Annapolis, Maryland, March 4 to November 28, 2008.[5]


  • 1984 Archaeological Annapolis: A Guide to Seeing and Understanding Three Centuries of Change with Parker B. Potter, Jr. Historic Annapolis, Inc., and the University of Maryland.[2] (A guidebook to the Historic District of Annapolis, Maryland) Reprinted, 1989. Reprinted in Contemporary Archaeology in Theory, edited by Robert W. Preucel and Ian Hodder. Blackwell Publishers, 1996.[4]



Critical Historical Archaeology 2010 Left Coast Press isbn 978-1-59874-396-8

Edited books

  • Contemporary Archaeology. Southern Illinois University Press. 1972. 
  • Religious Movements in Contemporary America. Princeton University Press. 1974. 
  • The Recovery of Meaning: Historical Archaeology in the Eastern United States. Smithsonian Institution Press. Paperback edition 1994. Reprinted with a new Prologue, Percheron Press, 2003. 1988. 
  • Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1999. 

Refereed journal articles

  • 1973 Why the Coalville Tabernacle Had to Be Razed. Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 8:2:30-39.
  • 1977 The New Mormon Temple in Washington, D. C. In Historical Archaeology and the Importance of Material Things. Historical Archaeology. Special Publication Series 2:43-61. Reprinted in Sunstone (a Mormon journal), September–October, 1978.
  • 1977 The Role of Primitive Technology in Nineteenth Century American Utopias. 1975 Proceedings of the American Ethnological Society, pp. 87–107.
  • 1982 Some Opinions About Recovering Mind. In American Antiquity 47:742-760. Reprinted in Readings in American Archaeological Theory: Antiquity 1962-2000, edited by Garth Bawden. Society for American Archaeology, 2003.
  • 1983 Method as Message. Museum News 62:1:35-41.
  • 1987 Toward a Critical Archaeology, with Parker B. Potter, Jr. and Paul A. Shackel. Current Anthropology 28:3:283-302.
  • 1992 Legitimation and the Classification of Archaeological Sites, with Parker B. Potter, Jr. American Antiquity 57:1:137-145.
  • 1995 A Historical Archaeology of Capitalism. American Anthropologist 97(2): 251-268.
  • 1998 Seeing: The Power of Town Planning in the Chesapeake, with Silas D. Hurry. Historical Archaeology, 32:4:34-62.
  • 1999 Conjuring in the Big House Kitchen: An Interpretation of African American Belief Systems, Based on the Uses of Archaeology and Folklore Sources, with Gladys-Marie Fry. Journal of American Folklore, Summer 1999; 112:445:372-403.
  • 2002 The Political Economy of Archaeological Cultures, with Christopher N. Matthews and Kurt Jordan. Journal of Social Archaeology, 2:1:109-134.
  • 2003 Hidden in View: African Spiritual Spaces in North American Landscapes, with Timothy Ruppel, Jessica Neuwirth, and Gladys-Marie Fry. Antiquity. 77: 296: 321-335.
  • 2005 Perspective and Surveillance in Eighteenth-Century Maryland Gardens, Including William Paca’s Garden on Wye Island, with James M. Harmon, and Jessica L. Neuwirth. Historical Archaeology, 39:4: 138-158.
  • 2005 The Archaeology of Black Americans in Recent Times, with Cheryl LaRoche and Jennifer Babiarz. Annual Reviews of Anthropology. 13: 15: 575-599.
  • 2006 Foundational Histories and Power. Archaeological Dialogues 13:2:23-28.
  • 2006 LiDAR for Archaeological Landscape Analysis: A Case Study of Two Eighteenth Century Maryland Plantation Sites, with James M. Harmon, Stephen D. Prince, and Marcia Snyder. American Antiquity 71:4:649-670.

Chapters in books

  • 1973 Archaeology as the Science of Technology: Mormon Town Plans and Fences. In Research and Theory in Current Archaeology, Redman, Charles L., editor, pp. 125–150. John Wiley and Sons. Reprinted in Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contribution, Schuyler, Robert L., editor. Baywood Publishing Company, Inc., 1978. Summary entitled, “Mormon Town Plans,”
  • 1974 The Economic Basis for the Evolution of Mormon Culture. In Religious Movements in Contemporary America, Zaretsky, I. I. and M. P. Leone, editors, pp. 722–756. Princeton University Press.
  • 1981 Archaeology's Relationship to the Present and the Past. In Modern Material Culture, Gould, Richard A. and Michael B. Schiffer, editors, pp. 5–13. Academic Press.
  • 1981 Mormon "Peculiarity": Recapitulation of Subordination. In Persistent Peoples, Castile, George P. and Gilbert Kushner, editors, pp. 78–83. University of Arizona Press.
  • 1981 The Relationship Between Artifacts and the Public in Outdoor History Museums. In The Research Potential of Anthropological Museum Collections, Cantwell, A. M., J. B. Griffin, and Nan Rothchild, editors, pp. 301–313. New York Academy of Sciences.
  • 1981 Childe's Offspring. In Symbolic and Structural Archaeology, Hodder, Ian, editor, pp. 179–184. Cambridge University Press.
  • 1984 Interpreting Ideology in Historical Archaeology: Using the Rules of Perspective in the William Paca Garden in Annapolis, Maryland. In Ideology, Representation and Power in Prehistory, Tilley, C. and D. Miller, editors, pp. 25–35. Cambridge University Press.
  • 1986 Symbolic, Structural, and Critical Archaeology. In American Archaeology Past, Present, and Future, Meltzer, D., D. Fowler, and J. Sabloff, editors, pp. 415–438. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • 1987 Rule by Ostentation: The Relationship Between Space and Sight in Eighteenth Century Landscape Architecture in the Chesapeake Region of Maryland. In Method and Theory for Activity Area Research: An Ethnoarchaeological Approach, Kent, Susan, editor, pp. 604–633. Columbia University Press.
  • 1987 Middle-Range Theory in Historical Archaeology, with Constance A. Crosby. In Consumer Choice in Historical Archaeology, Spencer-Wood, Suzanne, editor, pp. 397–410. New York: Plenum Press.
  • 1987 Forks, Clocks, and Power, with Paul A. Shackel. In Mirror and Metaphor, Ingersoll, Daniel and Gordon Bronitsky, editors, pp. 45–61. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.
  • 1988 The Georgian Order as the Order of Merchant Capitalism in Annapolis, Maryland. In Recovery of Meaning, Leone, Mark P. and Parker B. Potter, Jr., editors, pp. 235–261. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • 1990 Plane and Solid Geometry in Colonial Gardens in Annapolis, Maryland, with Paul A. Shackel. In Earth Patterns, Kelso, William and Rachel Most, editors, pp. 153–167. University of Virginia Press.
  • 1992 The Rationalization of Sound in Mid-eighteenth Century Annapolis, Maryland, with Elizabeth Kryder-Reid and Janice Bailey-Goldschmidt. In The Art and Mystery of Historical Archaeology: Essays in honor of James Deetz, Yentsch, Anne E. and Mary Beaudry, editors, pp. 229–245. CRC Press.
  • 1993 Artifacts as Expressions of Society and Culture: Memory and Subversive Genealogy, with Barbara J. Little. In History from Things, Lubar, Steven and David Kingery, editors, pp. 160–181. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • 1994 An Archaeology of the DeWitt Wallace Gallery at Colonial Williamsburg. In Museums and the Appropriation of Culture. Pearce, Susan, editor. pp. 198–212. New Jersey: The Athlone Press.
  • 1995 Can An African American Historical Archaeology Be An Alternative Voice?, with Paul Mullins, Marian C. Creveling, Laurence Hurst, Barbara Jackson-Nash, Lynn Jones, Hannah Kaiser, George Logan, and Mark Warner. In Interpretive Archaeologies, Hodder, Ian, et al. editors, pp. 110 – 124. Routledge.
  • 1998 A Street Plan for Hierarchy in Annapolis: An Analysis of State Circle as a Geometric Form, with Jennifer Stabler and Anne-Marie Burlaga. In Annapolis Pasts, Shackel, Paul A., Mullins, Paul R., and Warner, Mark S. , editors, 1998, pp. 291–306. University of Tennessee Press.
  • 1999 Archaeology of the Modern State: European Colonialism, with James Delle and Paul Mullins. In Companion Encyclopedia of Archaeology, ed. Barker, G., pp. 1107–1158. Routledge.
  • 2001 Spirit Management among Americans of African Descent. Mark P. Leone, Gladys-Marie Fry and Tim Ruppel. In Race and the Archaeology of Identity, edited by C. Orser, pp. 143–157. University of Utah Press.
  • 2006 Critical Archaeology: Politics Past and Present. With Matthew M. Palus and Matthew D. Cochran. In Historical Archaeology, edited by Hall, Martin and Stephen Silliman, pp. 84–104. Blackwells.
  • 2007 New Africa: Understanding the Americanization of African Descent Groups through Archaeology, with Thomas W. Cuddy. In The Collaborative Continuum: Archaeological Engagements with Descendent Communities, edited by Colwell-Chanthaphonh, Chip and T. J. Ferguson, pp. 203–223. AltaMira Press, Lanham, MD.
  • 2009 Annapolis Historic Period Archaeology: The Colonial Archaeology of Maryland’s Capital. In Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia, with Amelia Chisholm, Jennifer J. Babiarz, Matthew Palus, and Lisa Kraus. Vol. 1: Northeast and Southeast, edited by McManamon, Frank, Cordell, Linda, Lightfoot, Kent and George Milner. pp. 153–155. Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut.
  • 2009 Making Historical Archaeology Postcolonial. In International Handbook of Historical Archaeology, edited by Majewski, Teresita and David Gaimster, pp159–168. Springer, New York.
  • 2010 Walter Taylor and the Production of Anger in American Archaeology. In Prophet, Pariah, and Pioneer: Walter W. Taylor and Dissension in American Archaeology, edited by Maca, Allen, Jonathon, Reyman, and William, Floan, pp. University of Colorado Press, Boulder, Colorado.



  1. ^ "Roots of modern Mormonism / Mark P. Leone [i.e Mark Paul Leone"]. Copyright Catalog (1978 to present). United States Copyright Office.,9&Search_Arg=leone%20mark&Search_Code=NALL&CNT=25&PID=KbkCasht8krLTMgzZ3BTG2LYmd&SEQ=20100118174549&SID=1. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  2. ^ a b “Mark P. Leone”, “Center for Heritage Resource Studies”, Retrieved on 2009-11-20.
  3. ^ “Dr. Mark P. Leone”, Department of Anthropology People, Retrieved on 2009-11-20.
  4. ^ a b c “September 2007”, “Curriculum Vitae”,Retrieved on 2009-11-20.
  5. ^ “Annapolis: An Imagined Community”, “Seeking Liberty”,Retrieved on 2009-12-01.

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