- Marj, Libya
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Libya Region Cyrenaica District Marj Elevation 333 m (1,093 ft) Population (2004) - Total 85,315 Time zone UTC + 2
Marj /ˈmɑrdʒ/ (Arabic: المرج Al Marǧ, English: The Meadows), also spelt El Merj, formerly Barca or Barce, is a city in north eastern Libya and the administrative seat of the Marj District. It lies in an upland valley separated from the Mediterranean Sea by a range of hills, part of the Jebel Akhdar Mountains.
It has an estimated population of 85,315 (As of 2004[update]). There are a couple of banks on the main street and the main post office is in the centre of town, not far from the Abu Bakr Assiddiq mosque.
Marj was the site of the 7th-century-BCE Greek colony of Barce. It was captured by the Persians in 512 BCE, and was annexed by the Ptolemies following Alexander the Great's death in 323 BCE. It was taken by the Arabs under 'Amr ibn al-'As in 641 CE.
In the 1800s, the town grew around a Turkish fort built in 1842 and now restored. The Italians developed the town (1913–41) as an administrative and market centre and hill resort.
Most of the city was destroyed by a 5.6 earthquake on 21 February 1963, which killed some 300 people and injured 500 more. The major rebuilding was commenced about 5 km (3.1 mi) from the old site, and was completed about 1970.
- ^ a b c Wolfram Alpha
- ^ Room, Adrian (2006) "Al Marj" Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for 6,600 countries, cities, territories, natural features, and historic sites (2nd edition) McFarland, Jefferson, North Carolina, p. 26, ISBN 0-7864-2248-3
- ^ a b Pliez, Olivier (ed.) (2009) "Al Marj" Le Petit Futé Libye Petit Futé, Paris, p. 237, ISBN 2-7469-2276-2; in French
- ^ Merriam-Webster, Inc. (1972) "Barca" Webster's New Geographical Dictionary G. & C. Merriam Co., Springfield, Massachusetts, p. 118, ISBN 0-87779-146-5
- ^ Stewart, John (1996) "Cyrenaica" The British Empire: an encyclopedia of the Crown's holdings, 1493 through 1995 McFarland & Co., Jefferson, North Carolina, p. 125, ISBN 0-7864-0177-X
- ^ Earthquake at USGS
- ^ Hewitt, Kenneth (1983) "Seismic Risk and Mountain Environments: The Role of Surface Conditions in Earthquake Disaster" Mountain Research and Development 3(1): pp. 27-44, p. 30
- Hamilton, James (1856) Wanderings in North Africa J. Murray, London, OCLC 5659586, available at Google Books
- "Marj, Libya", Falling Rain Genomics, Inc.
Marj District, Libya CapitalMarj Towns and villages Administrative seats of the districts of Libya (since 2007)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marj District — Marj (المرج) District Country … Wikipedia
Marj, Al- — ▪ Libya Arabic“The Meadows”formerly Barce , or Barca town, northeastern Libya, on Al Marj plain at the western edge of the Akhḍar Mountains, near the Mediterranean coast. Site of the 6th century BC Greek colony of Barce, it was taken by… … Universalium
Libya — /lib ee euh/, n. 1. Anc. Geog. the part of N Africa W of Egypt. 2. Italian, Libia. a republic in N Africa between Tunisia and Egypt: formerly a monarchy 1951 69. 5,648,359; 679,400 sq. mi. (1,759,646 sq. km). Cap.: Tripoli. * * * Libya… … Universalium
Libya — Infobox Country native name = الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية العظمى Al Jamāhīriyyah al ʿArabiyyah al Lībiyyah aš Šaʿbiyyah al Ištirākiyyah al ʿUẓmā conventional long name = Great Socialist People s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya common… … Wikipedia
Libya — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Libya <p></p> Background: <p></p> The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when… … The World Factbook
Libya — Libye Pour les articles homonymes, voir Libye (homonymie). الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى (ar) … Wikipédia en Français
Al-Moroug Al Marj — ( ar. المروج) is a Libyan football club based in Al Marj, Libya … Wikipedia
Districts of Libya — Libya This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Libya … Wikipedia
Geography of Libya — Coordinates: 25°00′N 17°00′E / 25°N 17°E / 25; 17 … Wikipedia
Al Marj (distrito) — المرج / Al Marǧ Al Marj Distrito de Libia … Wikipedia Español