- Fort Schuyler
Fort SchuylerSouthern main gate
Location: Throgs Neck at East River and Long Island Sound, New York, New York Coordinates: Coordinates: Area: 17 acres (6.9 ha) Built: 1833 Architect: Capt. I.L. Smith NRHP Reference#: 76001206 Added to NRHP: June 29, 1976
Fort Schuyler is a preserved 19th century fortification in the New York City borough of the Bronx. It houses a museum, the Stephen B. Luce Library, and the Marine Transportation Department and Administrative offices of the State University of New York Maritime College. It is considered one of the finest examples of French-style fortifications. The fort was named in honor of Major General Philip Schuyler of the Continental Army.
Fort Schuyler was one of many forts built along the east coast of the United States in the aftermath of the War of 1812, when it became brutally apparent that the U.S. coast was poorly defended against foreign invasion. Fort Schuyler was dedicated in 1856 after only 75% completion. The fort was strategically positioned to protect New York City from naval attack through Long Island Sound, guarding the eastern entrance to New York Harbor. It is located on Throgs Neck, the southeastern tip of the Bronx, where the East River meets Long Island Sound. Fort Totten faces it on the opposite side of the river. Their interlocking batteries created a bottle-neck of defenses against ships attempting to approach New York City.
Fort Schuyler, at its peak, boasted 440 guns. Later, it would be fitted with various other pieces throughout the ever-modernization of coastal defense artillery, once including 10-inch and 12-inch guns on disappearing carriages installed on the roof and on the peninsula around the fort. Coastal artillery emplacements at the fort lasted until 1935.
During the American Civil War, Fort Schuyler held as many as 500 prisoners of war from the Confederate States Army and military convicts from the Union Army. It also included the MacDougall Hospital, which had a capacity of 2,000 beds. The fort was well designed for its time, it is said to have had one of the most effective waste removal systems ever seen in a fort from this time period. During its active duty, not one man died from disease.
Fort Schuyler was also a location where units heading to war would rendezvous and be outfitted and trained before being deployed. Such units include the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry "Duryee's Zouaves," and the 69th and 88th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiments (the 1st and 2nd Regiments of Meagher's "Irish Brigade"). From January 1863 until July 1865, the fort itself was garrisoned by the 20th Independent Battery, New York Volunteer Artillery, a unit originally recruited to fight in the war as part of the Anthon Battalion of Volunteer Light Artillery.
Duty at the fort was reported to be a dull assignment as the men took the roles of guards and hospital stewards, not artillerymen. From July until August 1865 the Fort was garrisoned by companies A, B, C, F, G, H and I of the Anderson Zouaves (companies D and E being assigned to Fort Wood on Bedloes Island), upon their return from service with the VI Corps of the Army of the Potomac and duty in the defenses of Washington, D.C. The Anderson Zouaves finally mustered out from Fort Schuyler on August 30, 1865.
In the late 1920's Fort Schuyler was placed on the abandoned list by the U.S. Army. When this was done, it was targeted for acquisition by Robert Moses for conversion to a state park as well as a permanent shore base for the New York State Merchant Marine Academy (now SUNY Maritime College). A protracted political struggle ensued, but eventually the academy forces prevailed. The site was then rehabilitated by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression and dedicated to the school in 1938.  The college, which was founded in 1874, still occupies the site, and in 1948 was one of the original 29 founding schools to be incorporated into the State University of New York as the State University of New York Maritime College. The fort has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1976.
In 1986, a portion of Fort Schuyler was dedicated as the Maritime Industry Museum. The museum houses exhibits on the history of the United States maritime industry, including commercial shipping, the merchant marine, and the port of New York, as well as exhibits on the history of Fort Schuyler. It is open to the public on weekdays.
- State University of New York Maritime College
- Throgs Neck
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ History of Fort Schuyler, State University of New York Maritime College. Accessed October 20, 2007.
- ^ See a "post history" for Fort Schuyler on NARA microfilm M903 reel 4; and Brooklyn Eagle, October 22, 1863, p. 3.
- ^ The WPA Guide to New York, 1939, repr. 1982, p. 546.
- ^  J. Williams "Seeking a Safe Harbor," Bronx County Historical Society Journal', Spring/Fall 2010
- ^ New York - Bronx County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed October 20, 2007.
- Maritime Industry Museum web site
- SUNY Maritime College web site
- New York State Military Museum
- 1920 map of Fort Slocum, Fort Totten, and Fort Schuyler (PDF)
- Coast Defense Study Group
- 20th Independent Battery, NYVA
- Library of Congress American Memory Site - Historic American Buildings Survey
- Historic Photos at the Library of Congress American Memory Site
- Historic Plans and Schematics - Library of Congress American Memory
- A Description of Fort Schuyler during the American Civil War
Neighborhoods in the New York City Borough of The Bronx
Allerton · Baychester · Bedford Park · Belden Point · Belmont (Arthur Avenue) · Castle Hill · City Island · Clason Point · Crotona Park East · Co-op City · Country Club · East Bronx · Eastchester · East Tremont · Edenwald · Ferry Point Park · Fieldston · Fordham · Harding Park · Highbridge · Hudson Hill · Hunts Point · The Hub · Kingsbridge · Kingsbridge Heights · Locust Point · Longwood · Marble Hill · Melrose · Morrisania · Morris Heights · Morris Park · Mott Haven · North Bronx · North Riverdale · Norwood · Olinville · Parkchester · Pelham Bay · Pelham Gardens · Pelham Parkway · Port Morris · Riverdale · Silver Beach · Soundview · South Bronx · Spuyten Duyvil · Throggs Neck · Tremont · University Heights · Van Cortlandt Village · Van Nest · Wakefield · West Bronx · West Farms · Williamsbridge Woodlawn
Community Boards: 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 U.S. National Register of Historic Places in New York Lists by countyAlbany • Allegany • Bronx • Broome • Cattaraugus • Cayuga • Chautauqua • Chemung • Chenango • Clinton • Columbia • Cortland • Delaware • Dutchess • Erie • Essex • Franklin • Fulton • Genesee • Greene • Hamilton • Herkimer • Jefferson • Kings (Brooklyn) • Lewis • Livingston • Madison • Monroe • Montgomery • Nassau • New York (Manhattan) • Niagara • Oneida • Onondaga • Ontario • Orange • Orleans • Oswego • Otsego • Putnam • Queens • Rensselaer • Richmond (Staten Island) • Rockland • Saratoga • Schenectady • Schoharie • Schuyler • Seneca • St. Lawrence • Steuben • Suffolk • Sullivan • Tioga • Tompkins • Ulster • Warren • Washington • Wayne • Westchester • Wyoming • Yates
Lists by city Other lists Keeper of the Register • History of the National Register of Historic Places • Property types • Historic district • Contributing property
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fort Schuyler — ist der Name oder ehemalige Name mehrerer Forts in den USA: Fort Schuyler (Bronx), New York City Fort Stanwix, Rome, New York Fort Schuyler (Utica), New York Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterschei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fort Schuyler, Bronx — For the fort at Utica, NY, see Utica, New York : For the fort at Rome, NY, see Fort Stanwix Fort Schuyler is a preserved 19th century fortification in the New York City borough of The Bronx, that houses a museum, and the Marine Transportation… … Wikipedia
Fort Schuyler Club Building — Infobox nrhp | name =Fort Schuyler Club Building nrhp type = caption = location= 254 Genesee Street, Utica, New York lat degrees = 43 lat minutes = 5 lat seconds = 59 lat direction = N long degrees = 75 long minutes = 14 long seconds = 7 long… … Wikipedia
Schuyler — (gesprochen: Skyler) ist ein Name niederländischer Herkunft und am bekanntesten als Name einer neuniederländischen, später New Yorker Familie. Er wird heute als Vorname (männlich und weiblich) und Familienname verwendet. Namensträger sind: als… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fort Stanwix — National Monument Luftbild von Fort Stanwix National Monument … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fort Stanwix National Monument — Luftbild von Fort Stanwix National Monument … Deutsch Wikipedia
Schuyler — may refer to:People (surname)* Cortlandt V.R. Schuyler (1900 1993) * Eugene Schuyler (1840 1890) * George Schuyler (1895 1977) * George W. Schuyler (1810 1885), NYS Treasurer 1864 1865 * Hon Yost Schuyler ( d. 1818) * James Schuyler (1923 1991) * … Wikipedia
Fort Ann (town), New York — Fort Ann Town … Wikipedia
Fort Totten, New York — Fort Totten is the official headquarters of the U.S. Army Reserve s U.S. 77th Division, the Statue of Liberty Division .HistoryConstruction began on Fort Totten in 1862 after the land was purchased by the U.S. Government in 1857 from the Willets… … Wikipedia
Fort Slocum (New York) — Fort Slocum Shacks for draftees Fort Slocum, New York was a US military base occupying Davids Island and … Wikipedia