Prince Philippe, Count of Paris


Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Philippe
Count of Paris
Philippe d'Orleans wearing the uniform of the Union
Orleanist pretender to the French throne
Reign 24 February 1848 – 3 August 1873
(&1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000160000000160 days)
Predecessor Louis-Philippe I
Successor Renounced the Orleanist claim
Pretender to the French throne
Reign 24 August 1883 – 8 September 1894
(&1000000000000001100000011 years, &1000000000000001500000015 days)
Predecessor Henri, comte de Chambord
Successor Philippe, duc d'Orléans
Spouse Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans
Issue
Amélie, Queen of Portugal
Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Hélène, Duchess of Aosta
Charles, Prince of Orléans
Isabelle, Duchess of Guise
Jacques, Prince of Orléans
Louise, Princess of the Two Sicilies
Ferdinand, Duke of Montpensier
Father Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans
Mother Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Born 24 August 1838(1838-08-24)
Died 8 September 1894(1894-09-08) (aged 56)
Religion Roman Catholicism

Philippe d'Orléans, Count of Paris (Louis Philippe Albert; 24 August 1838 – 8 September 1894) was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He was a claimant to the French throne from 1848 until his death.

Contents

Early life

Philippe became the Prince Royal, heir-apparent to the throne, when his father, Prince Ferdinand-Philippe, died in a carriage accident in 1842. Although there was some effort during the days after the abdication of his grandfather in 1848 to put him on the throne under the name of Louis-Philippe II, with his mother (Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin) as regent, this came to nothing. They fled and the French Second Republic was proclaimed in its stead.

A historian, journalist and outspoken democrat, the Count of Paris volunteered to serve as a Union Army officer in the American Civil War along with his younger brother, the Duke of Chartres. As Captain Philippe d'Orléans, the Count of Paris served on the staff of the commander of the Army of the Potomac under Major General George McClellan for nearly a year. He distinguished himself during the unsuccessful Peninsular Campaign. His history of that war is considered a standard reference work.

Marriage and issue

In 1864 he married his paternal first cousin Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans (1848–1919), Infanta of Spain. She was daughter of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain and Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824–1890), the youngest son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily. They had eight children, including:

  • Amélie d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1865–1951). She married Carlos I of Portugal in 1886.
  • Prince Louis Philippe Robert d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans, Duke of Orléans (1869–1926). Married Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria daughter of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria in 1896,
  • Hélène d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1871–1951). She married Emmanuel Philibert, 2nd Duke of Aosta in 1895.
  • Charles d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans (1875–1875).
  • Isabelle d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1878–1961). She married Prince Jean D'Orléans, Duke of Guise in 1899.
  • Jacques d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans (1880–1881).
  • Louise d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1882–1958). She married Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in 1907. Through her daughter Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, she was the grandmother of King Juan Carlos I of Spain.
  • Ferdinand d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans, Duke of Montpensier (1884–1924). He married Marie Isabelle Gonzales de Olañeta et Ibaretta, Marchioness of Valdeterrazo in 1921.

Restoration of French monarchy

In 1873, anticipating a restoration of the monarchy by the largely monarchist National Assembly that had been elected following the fall of Napoleon III, the Count of Paris withdrew his claims to the French throne in favour of the legitimist claimant, Henri V, best known as the Comte de Chambord. It was assumed by most that the Count of Paris was Chambord's heir, and would thus be able to succeed to the throne upon the childless Chambord's death, reuniting the two claims that had divided French monarchists since 1830. However, Chambord's refusal to recognize the tricolor as the French flag sabotaged hopes of a restoration, and Chambord died in 1883 without ever specifically recognizing his Orléanist rival as his heir.

Upon the Count of Chambord's death, the Count of Paris was recognized by most monarchists as Philippe VII of France. This succession was disputed by the Carlist descendants of the Bourbon kings of Spain, who argued that being descended directly from Louis XIV their claim was greater than that of the Orléanists'; however, this argument pointedly ignored Philip V of Spain's renunciation of his and his descendants' claim to the French throne pursuant to the Treaty of Utrecht.

The Count of Paris lived in Sheen House, Sheen in Surrey, England, where his grandfather had sought refuge after his abdication. He died at Stowe House in 1894.

Bibliography

  • Flers, Hyacinthe, marquis de. Le comte de Paris. Paris: Perrin, 1888.

See also

Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 24 August, 1838 Died: 8 September, 1894
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Louis-Philippe I
— TITULAR —
King of the French
26 August 1850 – 8 September 1894
Succeeded by
Philippe VIII

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