- Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Philippe Count of Paris Philippe d'Orleans wearing the uniform of the Union Orleanist pretender to the French throne Reign 24 February 1848 – 3 August 1873
( 25 years, 160 days)
Predecessor Louis-Philippe I Successor Renounced the Orleanist claim Pretender to the French throne Reign 24 August 1883 – 8 September 1894
( 11 years, 15 days)
Predecessor Henri, comte de Chambord Successor Philippe, duc d'Orléans Spouse Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans Issue Amélie, Queen of Portugal
Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Hélène, Duchess of Aosta
Charles, Prince of Orléans
Isabelle, Duchess of Guise
Jacques, Prince of Orléans
Louise, Princess of the Two Sicilies
Ferdinand, Duke of Montpensier
Father Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans Mother Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Born 24 August 1838 Died 8 September 1894(aged 56) Religion Roman Catholicism
Philippe d'Orléans, Count of Paris (Louis Philippe Albert; 24 August 1838 – 8 September 1894) was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He was a claimant to the French throne from 1848 until his death.
Philippe became the Prince Royal, heir-apparent to the throne, when his father, Prince Ferdinand-Philippe, died in a carriage accident in 1842. Although there was some effort during the days after the abdication of his grandfather in 1848 to put him on the throne under the name of Louis-Philippe II, with his mother (Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin) as regent, this came to nothing. They fled and the French Second Republic was proclaimed in its stead.
A historian, journalist and outspoken democrat, the Count of Paris volunteered to serve as a Union Army officer in the American Civil War along with his younger brother, the Duke of Chartres. As Captain Philippe d'Orléans, the Count of Paris served on the staff of the commander of the Army of the Potomac under Major General George McClellan for nearly a year. He distinguished himself during the unsuccessful Peninsular Campaign. His history of that war is considered a standard reference work.
Marriage and issue
In 1864 he married his paternal first cousin Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans (1848–1919), Infanta of Spain. She was daughter of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain and Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824–1890), the youngest son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily. They had eight children, including:
- Amélie d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1865–1951). She married Carlos I of Portugal in 1886.
- Prince Louis Philippe Robert d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans, Duke of Orléans (1869–1926). Married Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria daughter of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria in 1896,
- Hélène d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1871–1951). She married Emmanuel Philibert, 2nd Duke of Aosta in 1895.
- Charles d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans (1875–1875).
- Isabelle d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1878–1961). She married Prince Jean D'Orléans, Duke of Guise in 1899.
- Jacques d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans (1880–1881).
- Louise d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1882–1958). She married Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in 1907. Through her daughter Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, she was the grandmother of King Juan Carlos I of Spain.
- Ferdinand d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans, Duke of Montpensier (1884–1924). He married Marie Isabelle Gonzales de Olañeta et Ibaretta, Marchioness of Valdeterrazo in 1921.
Restoration of French monarchy
In 1873, anticipating a restoration of the monarchy by the largely monarchist National Assembly that had been elected following the fall of Napoleon III, the Count of Paris withdrew his claims to the French throne in favour of the legitimist claimant, Henri V, best known as the Comte de Chambord. It was assumed by most that the Count of Paris was Chambord's heir, and would thus be able to succeed to the throne upon the childless Chambord's death, reuniting the two claims that had divided French monarchists since 1830. However, Chambord's refusal to recognize the tricolor as the French flag sabotaged hopes of a restoration, and Chambord died in 1883 without ever specifically recognizing his Orléanist rival as his heir.
Upon the Count of Chambord's death, the Count of Paris was recognized by most monarchists as Philippe VII of France. This succession was disputed by the Carlist descendants of the Bourbon kings of Spain, who argued that being descended directly from Louis XIV their claim was greater than that of the Orléanists'; however, this argument pointedly ignored Philip V of Spain's renunciation of his and his descendants' claim to the French throne pursuant to the Treaty of Utrecht.
- Flers, Hyacinthe, marquis de. Le comte de Paris. Paris: Perrin, 1888.
See alsoPrince Philippe, Count of ParisCadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 24 August, 1838 Died: 8 September, 1894
Titles in pretence Preceded by
— TITULAR —
King of the French
26 August 1850 – 8 September 1894
Pretenders to the French throne since 1792 Monarchy in exile (1792–1815)
Legitimist pretenders (1830–present) Orléanist pretenders (1848–present)1848 Louis-Philippe I 1850 Philippe VII (or Louis-Philippe II) 1894 Philippe VIII 1926 Jean III 1940 Henri VI 1999 Henri VII present Bonapartist Prince Imperial (1814–present) Bonapartist Prince Canino (1832–1924) 1st generationJean Gaston, Duke of Valois^ 2nd generationPhilippe Charles, Duke of Valois^ · Alexandre Louis, Duke of Valois^ · Philippe, Duke of Orléans^ 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generationLouis Philippe, King of the French^ · Antoine, Duke of Montpensier^ · Louis Charles, Count of Beaujolais^ 7th generationFerdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans · Louis, Duke of Nemours · François, Prince of Joinville · Charles, Duke of Penthièvre^ · Henri, Duke of Aumale · Antoine, Duke of Montpensier 8th generationPhilippe, Count of Paris · Robert, Duke of Chartres · Gaston, Count of Eu · Ferdinand, Duke of Alençon · Pierre, Duke of Penthièvre · Louis Philippe, Prince of Condé · François Louis, Duke of Guise · Prince Fernando · Prince Felipe · Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera · Prince Luis 9th generation 10th generationPrince Henri, Count of Paris · Charles Philippe, Duke of Nemours · Álvaro, Duke of Galliera · Prince Alonso · Prince Ataúlfo 11th generationHenri, Count of Paris, Duke of France · François, Duke of Orléans · Michel, Count of Évreux · Jacques, Duke of Orléans · Thibaut, Count of La Marche 12th generation 13th generationPrince Gaston · Prince Pierre · Prince Philippe · Prince Constantin^ never styled Prince of Orléans
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