Maria Theresa of Austria (1767–1827)

Maria Theresa of Austria (1767–1827)
Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen consort of Saxony
Tenure 5 May 1827 – 7 November 1827
Spouse Anthony of Saxony
Princess Maria Ludovika
Prince Frederick Augustus
Princess Maria Johanna
Princess Maria Theresa
Full name
Maria Theresia Josepha Charlotte Johanna
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine (by birth)
House of Wettin (by marriage)
Father Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Luisa of Spain
Born 14 January 1767(1767-01-14)
Died 7 November 1827(1827-11-07) (aged 60)
Burial Katholische Hofkirche
Religion Roman Catholicism

Maria Theresa of Austria (Maria Theresia Josepha Charlotte Johanna; Florence, 14 January 1767 – Leipzig, 7 November 1827) was born an Archduchess of Austria and a Princess of Tuscany. She was later Queen of Saxony as the second wife and consort of King Anthony of Saxony.


Maria Theresa was born in Florence, Italy, the eldest child of Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Tuscany (later Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and of his wife Maria Luisa of Spain. Like all the eldest daughters of her paternal grandparents, she was named after her grandmother, the Habsburg heiress and ruler Maria Theresa.

On 8 September 1787 Maria Theresa was married by proxy to King Anthony of Saxony; the couple renewed their marriage vows in person at Dresden on 18 October 1787. Anthony had previously been married to Maria Carolina of Savoy who died of smallpox in 1782.

Mozart's opera Don Giovanni was originally intended to be performed in honor of Maria Theresa and Anthony Clement for their visit to Prague on 14 October 1787, as they traveled between Dresden and Vienna, and librettos were printed with dedication to them.

The premiere could not be arranged in time, however, so the opera The Marriage of Figaro was substituted on the express orders of Maria Theresa's uncle, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor. The choice of The Marriage of Figaro was considered improper for a new bride by many observers, and the couple left the opera theater early without seeing the entire work performed. Mozart complained bitterly of the intrigues surrounding this incident in a letter to his friend Gottfried von Jacquin that was written in stages between 15 October and 25 October 1787.

Tragedy dogged the remainder of Maria Theresa's life. Her four children all died as infants. She was able to enjoy the title queen of Saxony for only a few months after the death of her brother-in-law Frederick Augustus I in May 1827. The latter's alliance with Napoleon led to significant losses of territory for Saxony at the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.

Maria Theresa died at Leipzig in 1827.


Maria Theresa and Anthony were parents to four children, but none survived to the age of two:

  1. Maria Ludovika Auguste Fredericka Therese Franziska Johanna Aloysia Nepomucena Ignatia Anna Josepha Xaveria Franziska de Paula Barbara (b. Dresden, 14 March 1795 - d. Dresden, 25 April 1796).
  2. Frederick Augustus (b. and d. Dresden, 5 April 1796).
  3. Maria Johanna Ludovica Anna Amalia Nepomucena Aloysia Ignatia Xaveria Josepha Franziska de Chantal Eva Apollonia Magdalena Crescentia Vincentia (b. Dresden, 5 April 1798 - d. Dresden, 30 October 1799).
  4. Maria Theresia (b. and d. Dresden, 15 October 1799).


Maria Theresa of Austria (1767–1827)
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 30 January 1757 Died: 7 November 1827
German royalty
Preceded by
Amalie of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Queen consort of Saxony
5 May 1827 – 7 November 1827
Title next held by
Maria Anna of Bavaria

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