- Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies Grand Duchess of Tuscany Tenure 7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859 Spouse Leopold II Issue Maria Isabella, Countess of Trapani
Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Archduke Karl Salvator
Maria Louisa, Princess of Isenburg
Archduke John Salvator
Full name Maria Antonia Anna House House of the Two Sicilies
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Francis I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Isabella of Spain Born 19 December 1814
Royal Palace of Palermo, Italy
Died 7 November 1898(aged 83)
Religion Roman Catholic
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (Maria Antonia Anna; 19 December 1814 – 7 November 1898) was Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 1833 to 1859 as the consort of Leopold II. As other women of her family, she was always called Maria Antonietta, a more common and graceful form of Maria Antonia, and she always signed with this name.
Maria Antonia was born at the Royal Palace of Palermo on 19 December 1814, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Isabella of Spain, she was baptised Maria Antonia in honor of Marie Antoinette, deceased sister of her grandmother Maria Carolina of Austria.
When she was born, the Neapolitan court had already moved to Sicily because Napoleonic troops have invaded the Continental part of the Reign. After few months the Royal Family could return to Naples thanks to the Congress of Vienna.
She was particularly close to her brother the future Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies who affectionately dubbed her Totò. She was also close to her sister in law, Maria Christina of Savoy who came to the court in 1832.
Marriage and issue
In 1833, when she was eighteen, Maria Antonia married Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, who was seventeen years older. They were first cousins because Francis I, Maria Antonia's father, and Princess Luisa of Naples, Leopold's mother, were both children of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Maria Carolina of Austria. Marie Antoinette and Leopold had ten children:
- Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria. Married her maternal uncle Prince Francis, Count of Trapani, youngest son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and Maria Isabella of Spain.
- Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (10 June 1835 – 17 January 1908).
- Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (29 June 1836 – 5 August 1838).
- Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (5 February 1838 – 1 September 1849).
- Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (30 April 1839 – 18 January 1892). He married Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, second daughter of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria.
- Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (9 June 1840 – 13 August 1841).
- Archduke Rainer of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1 May 1842 – 14 August 1844).
- Archduchess Maria Louisa of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (31 October 1845 – 27 August 1917). Married Karl, Prince of Isenburg. Her husband was a grandson of Karl, last sovereign Prince of Isenburg.
- Archduke Louis Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (4 August 1847 – 12 October 1915).
- Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (25 November 1852 – reported lost at sea in 1890). There was speculation of his survival under an alias (Johann Orth).
In her honour were baptised in Florence the Piazza Maria Antonia – today Piazza dell'Indipendeza (Independence Square), the railway line Maria Antonia and the homonym station, now called Firenze Santa Maria Novella.
On April 1859, before the Franco-Piedmont war against Austria, Leopold II proclaimed neutrality, but the Grand Ducal government was already near the end: people used vulgar insults towards the Grand Duchess and the troops gave signs of insubordination.
On 27 April, at four o'clock, in front of the enraged mob on Florence streets and of troops rebellion, Leopold II left Palazzo Pitti by chariot, getting out through Boboli door, heading toward Bologna. He had just refused to abdicate in favour of his son Ferdinand.
Ancestors of Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies 16. Philip V of Spain 8. Charles III of Spain 17. Elisabeth Farnese 4. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies 18. Augustus III of Poland 9. Maria Amalia of Saxony 19. Maria Josepha of Austria 2. Francis I of the Two Sicilies 20. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine 10. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 21. Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans 5. Maria Carolina of Austria 22. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor 11. Maria Theresa of Austria 23. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1. Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies 24. Philip V of Spain (= 16) 12. Charles III of Spain (= 8) 25. Elisabeth Farnese (= 17) 6. Charles IV of Spain 26. Augustus III of Poland (= 18) 13. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9) 27. Maria Josepha of Austria (= 19) 3. Maria Isabella of Spain 28. Philip V of Spain (= 16) 14. Philip, Duke of Parma 29. Elisabeth Farnese (= 17) 7. Maria Luisa of Parma 30. Louis XV of France 15. Princess Louise Élisabeth of France 31. Marie Leszczyńska
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two SiciliesHouse of Bourbon-Two SiciliesCadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 19 December 1814 Died: 3 January 1865
- 19 December 1814 – 12 December 1816 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
- 12 December 1816 – 7 June 1833 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
- 7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859 Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, etc.
- 21 July 1859 – 7 November 1898 Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Most Serene Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Italian royalty VacantTitle last held byMaria Anna of Saxony Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859
Monarchy abolished Titles in pretence Loss of title
— TITULAR —
Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
21 July 1859 – 3 January 1865
VacantTitle next held byAlice of Parma 1st Generation 2nd GenerationCaroline, Duchess of Berry · Luisa Carlotta, Infanta Francisco de Paula of Spain · Maria Christina, Queen of Spain · Maria Antonia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany · Maria Amalia, Infanta Sebastian of Portugal and Spain · Maria Carolina, Countess of Montemolín · Theresa Christina, Empress of Brazil · Maria Carolina, Duchess of Aumale 3rd GenerationMaria Annunciata, Archduchess Charles Louis of Austria · Maria Immaculata, Archduchess Karl Salvator of Austria-Tuscany · Maria Pia, Duchess of Parma · Maria Immacolata, Countess of Bardi · Princess Maria Isabella · Maria Antonietta, Countess of Caserta · Princess Maria Theresa · Maria Carolina, Countess Andrzej Zamoyski · Princess Maria Annuziata 4th Generation
Princess Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies · Maria Teresa, Princess of Hohenzollern · Maria Immaculata, Princess Johann Georg of Saxony · Maria Cristina, Archduchess Peter Ferdinand of Austria-Tuscany · Maria di Grazia, Princess Imperial of Brazil · Princess Maria Giuseppina
5th GenerationPrincess Maria Antonietta · Princess Maria Cristina, Mrs. Manuel Sotomayor-Luna · Barbara, Countess Franz Xavier of Stolberg-Wernigerode · Lucia, Duchess of Genoa · Princess Urraca · Isabel Alfonsa, Countess Jan Kanty Zamoyski · Dolores, Princess Augustyn Józef Czartoryski · Mercedes, Countess of Barcelona · Esperanza, Princess Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza · Princess Maria del Carmen · Princess Maria Margarita, Mrs. Luis Gonzaga Maldonado · Princess Maria Immaculata, Mrs. Miguel García de Sáez 6th GenerationTeresa, Machioness of Laula · Princess Inés, Mrs. Luis Morales · Beatrice, Princess Napoléon · Ana Maria, Baroness Cochin · Princess Maria Carolina, Mrs. Andreas Baumbach · Maria Annunziata, Countess Karl Friedik of Creutz · Anna Cecilia, Countess Rodolphe of Causans · Princess Elena 7th GenerationPrincess Cristina, Mrs. Pedro López-Quesada · María, Archduchess Simeon of Austria · Inés, Nobile Michele Carrelli Palombi · Princess Victoria, Mrs. Markos Nomikos · Princess Maria Carolina · Princess Maria Chiara · Princess Dorothée · Princess Anna SophiaArchduchess Joanna of Austria (1574-1578) · Christina of Lorraine (1589-1609) · Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria (1609-1621) · Vittoria della Rovere (1634-1670) · Marguerite Louise d'Orléans (1670-1721) · Duchess Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg (1689-1728) · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1737–1765) · Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain (1765-1790) · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily (1790-1801) · Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony (1821–1824) · Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1824-1832) · Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (1833-1859)
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