- Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain The Queen by Mengs Queen consort of Sardinia Consort 20 February 1773 – 19 September 1785 Spouse Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia Charles Emmanuel IV, King of Sardinia
Marie Joséphine, Countess of Provence
Maria Teresa, Countess of Artois
Maria Anna, Duchess of Chablais
Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia
Maurizio, Duke of Montferrat
Maria Carolina, Electoral Princess of Saxony
Charles Felix, King of Sardinia
Giuseppe, Count of Asti
Full name María Antonia Fernanda Father Philip V of Spain Mother Elisabeth Farnese Born 17 November 1729
Royal Alcázar of Seville, Spain
Died 19 September 1785(aged 55)
Castle of Moncalieri, Turin
Burial September 1785
Royal Basilica of Superga, Turin
Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain (María Antonia Fernanda; 17 November 1729 – 19 September 1785) was an Infanta of Spain and the youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. She was the wife of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia whom she married in 1750. She was the mother of the last three mainline Kings of Sardinia.
Infanta of Spain
She was born at the Royal Alcázar of Seville in Seville and was the youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and of second his wife Elisabeth Farnese. She was born in Seville during the signing of the Treaty of Seville which ended the Anglo-Spanish War. She spent her infancy in the city of her birth before moving to Madrid in 1733. She was baptised with the names María Antonia along with Fernanda in honour of her half brother, then the heir to the throne. Variations in her name range from "Antonia Fernanda" and "Antonietta Ferdinanda". As a daughter of the King of Spain, she held the title of Infanta of Spain and style of Royal Highness.
In a double marriage plan she would marry Louis, Dauphin of France, and her brother, Infante Philip, would marry the Dauphin's sister Louise Élisabeth of France. Her mother consented to the latter union but insisted on waiting for Maria Antonia Ferdinanda to reach a more mature age. The Infanta's hand was also sought by the Electoral Prince of Saxony. The marriage between Infante Philip and Louise Élisabeth occurred in 1739 and eventually her older sister Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela married the Dauphin in 1745. However, upon the death of Maria Teresa Rafaela in 1746 Ferdinand VI tried to engage Maria Antonia Fernandina to the Dauphin but the idea was snubbed by Louis XV as "incest". Instead he chose Maria Josepha of Saxony.
Duchess of Savoy
Having married by proxy in Madrid on 12 April 1750 she was married in person at Oulx on 31 May 1750 to Victor Amadeus, "Duke of Savoy", the eldest son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and his late wife Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg. The marriage had been arranged by Maria Antonia Ferdinanda's half brother, Ferdinand VI and was used to strengthen relations between Madrid and Turin as the two courts had fought on opposing sides during the War of the Austrian Succession. The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the war. As a wedding gift, the apartments of the new Duchess of Savoy at the Royal Palace of Turin were remodelled by the architect Benedetto Alfieri. Maria Antonia Ferdinanda was given a dowry of 3,500,000 Piedmontese Lires as well as Spanish possessions in Milan. In Italy she was known as Maria Antonietta Ferdinanda. Operas by Baldassare Galuppi were specially composed for her marriage to the Duke of Savoy.
The match was seen as unpopular, but the two remained close until her death. From marriage until her husband's accession she was styled as the Duchess of Savoy. The couple surrounded themselves with modern thinkers and various politicians. The first lady of the land, she brought a rigid etiquette from her native Spain to the court of Savoy. She was very religious and was said to have a cold, shy personality. She was the mother of twelve children, three of whom died in infancy. Two of her children had progeny. Through her son Victor Emmanuel I and daughter Maria Teresa of Savoy, she is a double ancestress of Queen Anne of Romania as well as the pretending Duke of Parma, Emperor of Austria and reigning Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
Queen of Sardinia
At the death of her father-in-law Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia in 1773, her husband succeeded him as Victor Amadeus III. She was the first queen of Sardinia in over thirty years since the death of Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine in 1741. Her oldest son Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Piedmont married Marie Clotilde of France, sister of Louis XVI in 1773. Marie Clotilde and Maria Antonia Ferdinanda would become very close. Queen Maria Antonia Ferdinanda died in September 1785 at the Castle of Moncalieri. She was buried at the Royal Basilica of Superga. Her husband outlived her by eleven years.
- Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia (24 May 1751 – 6 October 1819) married Princess Marie Clotilde of France in 1773, no issue.
- Maria Elisabetta Carlotta of Savoy (16 July 1752 – 17 April 1755) died in infancy.
- Maria Giuseppina of Savoy (2 September 1753 – 13 November 1810) married Louis Xavier, Count of Provence in 1771, no issue.
- Amedeus Alexander of Savoy (5 October 1754 – 29 April 1755) died in infancy.
- Maria Teresa of Savoy (31 January 1756 – 2 June 1805) married Charles, Count of Artois in 1773, had issue.
- Maria Anna of Savoy (17 December 1757 – 11 October 1824) married Prince Benedetto of Savoy in 1775, no issue.
- Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia (24 July 1759 – 10 January 1824) married Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este in 1789, had issue.
- Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of Savoy (21 November 1760 – 19 May 1768) died in infancy.
- Maurizio of Savoy (13 December 1762 – 1 September 1799) died unmarried of malaria.
- Maria Carolina of Savoy (17 January 1764 – 28 December 1782) married Antony, Electoral Prince of Saxony in 1781, no issue.
- Charles Felix of Sardinia (6 April 1765 – 27 April 1831) married Princess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily in 1807, no issue.
- Giuseppe of Savoy (5 October 1766 – 29 October 1802) died unmarried of malaria.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 17 November 1729 – 31 May 1750 Her Royal Highness The Infanta Doña Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
- 31 May 1750 – 20 February 1773 Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Savoy
- 20 February 1773 – 19 September 1785 Her Majesty The Queen of Sardinia
- ^ a b Morselli. Mario: Amedeo Avogadro, a scientific biography, Springer, 1984, p 6
- ^ Armstrong. Edward: Elisabeth Farnese: The Termagant of Spain, 1892, p 256
- ^ Kamen. Henry:Philip V of Spain. The King who Reigned Twice, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2001, p 191
- ^ La temi veneta contenente magistrati, 1770, p 26
- ^ a b van de Pas, Leo. "Maria Antonietta of Spain". Genealogics .org. http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000816&tree=LEO. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- ^ Armstrong. Edward: Elisabeth Farnese: The Termagant of Spain, 1892, p 343
- ^ Rozoir, Charles du:Le dauphin, fils de Louis XV et père de Louis XVI et de Louis XVIII, 1815, p 56
- ^ Beatson. Robert: A political index to the histories of Great Britain and Ireland Volume 2, G. G. J. & J. Robinson, 1788, p 360
- ^ Nichols. John: Gentleman's magazine and historical chronicle, Volume 20, E. Cave, 1750, p 236
- ^ Coxe, William: Memoirs of the kings of Spain of the House of Bourbon, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815, p 72
- ^ Campbell. John: The present state of Europe, London, 1761, p 341
- ^ a b Artemont. Louis Leopold d' :A sister of Louis XVI, Marie Clotilde of France, Queen of Sardinia (1759-1802), 1911, p 111
- ^ Artemont. Louis Leopold d' :A sister of Louis XVI, Marie Clotilde of France, Queen of Sardinia (1759-1802), 1911, p 190
- ^ Bertolotti. Davide:Istoria della R. Casa di Savoia, Antonio Fontana, 1830, p 289
- ^ a b "Savoia". http://www.sardimpex.com/sito%20in%20costruzione/Savoia/savoia3.htm. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
See alsoMaria Antonia Ferdinanda of SpainBorn: 17 November 1729 Died: 17 September 1785
Italian royalty VacantTitle last held byElisabeth Therese of Lorraine Queen consort of Sardinia
20 February 1773 – 19 September 1785
VacantTitle next held byMarie Clotilde of FranceThe generations indicate descent form Charles I, under whom the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united, forming the Kingdom of Spain. Previously, the title Infanta had been largely use in the different realms. 1st GenerationMaria, Holy Roman Empress · Joan, Princess of Portugal 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generationnone 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th GenerationInfanta Maria Isabel · Infanta Maria Josefa · Infanta María Isabel Ana · Infanta Maria Josepha · Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress · Infanta Maria Teresa · Infanta Maria Ana 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationIsabella, Princess of Asturias · Infanta Maria Cristina · Maria de la Concepcio · Maria de Pilar · Maria de la Paz, Princess Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria · Eulalia, Duchess of Galliera · Maria Isabella, Countess of Paris* · Infanta Amalia of Orléans* · Infanta Cristina d'Orléans* · Infanta Maria de la Regla of Orléans* · Mercedes, Queen of Spain* 12th GenerationMercedes, Princess of Asturias · Maria Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generation*title granted by Royal Decree Princesses of Savoy by marriage 1st Generation 2nd GenerationPrincess Anne of Cyprus · Claudine de Brosse 3rd Generation 4th Generationnone 5th GenerationPrincess Yolande Louise of Savoy* · Anna d'Este 6th GenerationPrincess Anne of Lorraine 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th GenerationMaria Vittoria of Savoy* · Urania de La Cropte de Beauvais 10th Generation 11th GenerationInfanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain · Princess Maria Anna of Savoy* · Princess Joséphine of Lorraine · Elisabeth Anne Magon Boisgarin 12th Generation 13th Generation 14th GenerationArchduchess Adelaide of Austria · Princess Elisabeth of Saxony 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th GenerationPrincess Marie José of Belgium · Princess Anne of Orléans*** · Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark*** 18th Generation 19th Generation*also a princess of Savoy by birth
**Princess of Savoy-Genoa
***Princess of Savoy-Aosta
Queens of SardiniaAnne Marie d'Orléans (1720-1728) · Landgravine Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg (1730-1735) · Princess Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine (1737-1741) · Infanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain (1773-1785) · Princess Marie Clotilde of France (1796-1802) · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1802-1821) · Princess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (1821-1831) · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1831-1849) · Archduchess Adelaide of Austria (1849-1855)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain — Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle d Espagne The future Dauphine by Louis Michel van Loo Dauphine of France Tenure 23 February 174 … Wikipedia
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies — Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies Grand Duchess of Tuscany Tenure 7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859 Spouse … Wikipedia
Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily — Maria Cristina of Naples Queen consort of Sardinia Tenure 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831 Spouse Charle … Wikipedia
Maria Angela Caterina d'Este — Princess of Carignan Maria Angela Caterina by a follower of Rigaud Spouse … Wikipedia
Maria Letizia Bonaparte — Duchess of Aosta Spouse Prince Amadeo, Duke of Aosta Issue Prince Umberto, Count of Salemi … Wikipedia
Maria Vittoria of Savoy — Princess of Carignano Marchioness of Susa Spouse Victor Amadeus, Prince of Carignan Detail Issue … Wikipedia
Maria Theresa of Austria (1801–1855) — For other people named Maria Theresa of Austria, see Maria Theresa of Austria (disambiguation). Maria Theresa of Austria Maria Theresa with her two sons Victor Emmanuel and Ferdinand by Fernando Cavalleri … Wikipedia
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1773–1832) — For other people named Maria Theresa of Austria, see Maria Theresa of Austria (disambiguation). Maria Theresa of Austria Este Queen consort of Sardinia Tenure 4 June 1802 – 12 March 1821 … Wikipedia
María Isabella of Spain — Queen of the Two Sicilies Portrait of The Queen by Vicente López y Portaña Consort 4 January 1825–8 November 1830 … Wikipedia
Maria Theresa of Spain — Maria Theresa of Austria Maria Theresa with Her son, the Dauphin, Louis of France, Pierre Mignard 1661 Queen consort of France and Navarre Tenure … Wikipedia