100 Greatest Romanians

100 Greatest Romanians
TV show's logo
Ştefan cel Mare (here on some stamps from 2004), the winner of the contest

In 2006, the Romanian Television (Televiziunea Română, TVR) conducted a vote to determine whom the general public considers the 100 greatest Romanians of all time, in a version of the British TV show 100 greatest Britons. The resulting series, "Great Romanians" ("Mari Români"), included individual programmes on the top ten, with viewers having further opportunities to vote after each programme. It concluded with a debate. On October 21, TVR announced that the "greatest Romanian of all time" according to the voting was: Ştefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great).

1–100

  1. Stephen the Great (1433–1504) Prince of Moldavia between 1457 and 1504 and the most prominent representative of the House of Mușat
  2. Carol I (1839–1914) – the first Romanian ruler of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty (1866–1914), the first King of Romania (since 1881) after the country acquired full independence under his leadership
  3. Mihai Eminescu (1850–1889) – late Romantic poet, widely considered to be the most influential Romanian poet
  4. Mihai Viteazul (1558–1601) – Prince of Wallachia, he achieved the first union of Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia (the three principalities largely inhabited by Romanians)
  5. Richard Wurmbrand (1909–2001) – Lutheran Christian minister, author and educator who spent a total of fourteen years in communist prison
  6. Ion Antonescu (1882–1946) – the prime minister and leader of Romania during World War II
  7. Mircea Eliade (1907–1986) – researcher and professor of the history of religions, Orientalist and novelist
  8. Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1820–1873) – the first ruler of the United Principalities of Romania after the union of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859; his reforms started the modernization of Romania
  9. Constantin Brâncuşi (1876–1957) – famous modern sculptor
  10. Nadia Comăneci (born 1961) – gymnast, winner of five Olympic gold medals, and the first to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event
  11. Nicolae Ceauşescu (1918–1989) – last communist president of Romania
  12. Vlad Ţepeş (1431–1476) – Prince of Wallachia
  13. Henri Coandă (1886–1972) – inventor and aerodynamics pioneer
  14. Gheorghe Hagi (born 1965) – football player
  15. Ion Luca Caragiale (1852–1912) – playwright and short story writer
  16. Nicolae Iorga (1871–1940) – historian, writer, and politician
  17. Constantin Brâncoveanu (1654–1714) – Prince of Wallachia
  18. George Enescu (1881–1955) – composer and musician
  19. Gregorian Bivolaru (born 1952) – founder of MISA yoga organization
  20. Nicolae Titulescu (1882–1941) – diplomat, president of the League of Nations
  21. Ferdinand I of Romania (1865–1927) – King of Romania during World War I
  22. Mihai I (born 1921) – last King of Romania before communist period
  23. Decebal (87–106) – last King of Dacia before Roman conquest
  24. Traian Băsescu (born 1951) – politician, President of Romania
  25. Gheorghe Mureşan (born 1971) – NBA basketball player
  26. Ion I. C. Brătianu (1864–1927) – liberal politician, Prime Minister of Romania for five terms
  27. Răzvan Lucescu (born 1969) football player and football club manager
  28. Nicolae Paulescu (1869–1931) – physiologist, the discoverer of insulin
  29. Iuliu Maniu (1873–1953) – politician
  30. Iuliu Hossu (1885–1970) – Greek-Catholic bishop, victim of the communist regime
  31. Emil Cioran (1911–1995) – philosopher, writer, and essayist
  32. Avram Iancu (1824–1872) – leader of the 1848 revolution in Transylvania
  33. Burebista (? – 44 BC) – King of Dacia
  34. Regina Maria (1875–1938) – Queen of Romania
  35. Corneliu Coposu (1914–1995) – politician, victim of the communist regime
  36. Aurel Vlaicu (1882–1913) – inventor, aviation pioneer
  37. Iosif Trifa (1888–1938) – Eastern Orthodox priest, founder of the "Oastea Domnului" ("Lord's Army") Christian organisation
  38. Nichita Stănescu (1933–1983) – poet and essayist
  39. Ion Creangă (1837–1889) – writer
  40. Mădalina Manole (1967–2010) – pop singer
  41. Corneliu Vadim Tudor (born 1949) – strongly nationalistic politician, writer and journalist; founder and leader of the Greater Romania party
  42. Traian Vuia (1872–1950) – inventor, aviation pioneer
  43. Lucian Blaga (1895–1961) – poet, playwright, and philosopher
  44. George Emil Palade (1912–2008) – cell biologist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1974)
  45. Ana Aslan (1897–1988) – biologist, physician and inventor, the author of essential research in gerontology
  46. Adrian Mutu (born 1979) – football player
  47. Florin Piersic (born 1936) – theater and film actor
  48. Mihail Kogălniceanu (1817–1891) – politician and historian, first Prime Minister of the United Principalities of Romania
  49. Iancsi Korossy (born 1926) – jazz player
  50. Dimitrie Cantemir (1673–1723) – Prince of Moldavia and prolific man of letters
  51. Ilie Năstase (born 1946) – tennis player
  52. Gheorghe Zamfir (born 1941) – musician, pan flute player
  53. Gică Petrescu (1915–2006) – musician, folk and pop music composer and singer
  54. Elisabeta Rizea (1912–2003) – anti-communist partisan
  55. Bulă (fictional) – the main character of Romanian jokes
  56. Amza Pellea (1931–1983) – theater and film actor
  57. Matei Corvin (1443 (?) – 1490) – King of Hungary
  58. Mircea cel Bătrân (1355–1418) – Prince of Wallachia
  59. Titu Maiorescu (1840–1917) – literary critic and politician
  60. Toma Caragiu (1925–1977) – theater and film actor
  61. Andreea Marin (born 1974) – TV show host
  62. Emil Racoviţă (1868–1947) – biologist, speleologist and explorer of Antarctica
  63. Victor Babeş (1854–1926) – biologist and early bacteriologist, one of the founders of microbiology
  64. Nicolae Bălcescu (1819–1852) – leader of the 1848 Wallachian Revolution
  65. Horia-Roman Patapievici (born 1957) – writer and essayist
  66. Marin Preda (1922–1980) – novelist
  67. Eugen Ionescu (1909–1994) – playwright, one of the initiators of the theatre of the absurd
  68. Dumitru Stăniloae (1903–1993) – Eastern Orthodox priest and theologian
  69. Alexandru Todea (1905–2002) – Greek-Catholic bishop, victim of the communist regime
  70. Tudor Gheorghe (born 1945) – singer and theater actor
  71. Ion Ţiriac (born 1939) – tennis player and businessman
  72. Ilie Cleopa (1912–1998) – Eastern Orthodox archimandrite
  73. Arsenie Boca (1910–1989) – Eastern Orthodox priest and theologian, victim of the communist regime
  74. Dumitru Cornilescu (1891–1975) – Eastern Orthodox, then Protestant priest, translated the Bible into Romanian in 1921
  75. Grigore Moisil (1906–1973) – mathematician and computing pioneer
  76. Nicolae Steinhardt (1912–1989) – writer
  77. Anghel Saligny (1854–1925) – engineer
  78. Ivan Patzaichin (born 1949) – flatwater canoer who won seven Olympic medals
  79. Maria Tănase (1913–1963) – traditional and popular music singer
  80. Octavian Paler (1926–2007) – essayist
  81. Ciprian Porumbescu (1853–1883) – composer
  82. Nicolae Covaci (born 1947) – founder of the Pasărea Phoenix rock band
  83. Dumitru Prunariu (born 1952) – first Romanian cosmonaut
  84. Iancu de Hunedoara (c. 1387–1456) – Voivode of Transylvania, captain-general and regent of the Kingdom of Hungary
  85. Constantin Noica (1909–1987) – philosopher and essayist
  86. Badea Cârţan (1849–1911) – a shepherd who fought for the independence of the Romanians of Transylvania (then under Hungarian rule inside Austria-Hungary)

Worst Romanians

Evenimentul Zilei also conducted a poll about the worst Romanians (Amari Români – "bitter Romanians", a pun on Mari – "greatest") and the results were:

  1. Ion Iliescu (the first president after 1989)
  2. Nicolae Ceauşescu (the last communist president before December 1989)
  3. Gigi Becali (controversial businessman, party leader and chairman of the football club Steaua Bucharest)
  4. Adrian Năstase (the Prime Minister of Romania between 2000 and 2004)
  5. Carol II (King of Romania between World Wars)
  6. Mihai I (the last King of Romania)
  7. Traian Băsescu (president of Romania, elected in 2004)
  8. Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej (first communist leader of Romania, after World War II)
  9. Elena Ceauşescu (Nicolae Ceauşescu's wife and #2 in the Romanian communist government until December 1989)
  10. Sorin Ovidiu Vântu (a controversial businessman)

External links



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