- Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway
Margaret of Scotland Queen consort of Norway Tenure 1281 – 9 April 1283 Spouse Eric II of Norway Issue Margaret, Maid of Norway House House of Dunkeld Father Alexander III of Scotland Mother Margaret of England Born 28 February 1261 Died 9 April 1283 Burial Old cathedral, Bergen
Margaret of Scotland (28 February 1261 – 9 April 1283) (Old Norse: Margrét Alexandersdóttir; Norwegian: Margrete Alexandersdotter; Scottish Gaelic: Maighread Nic Rìgh Alasdair) was Queen consort of Norway and wife of King Eric II of Norway.
She was born at Windsor Castle, the daughter of King Alexander III of Scotland and his first wife, Margaret of England. Margaret came to Norway at 20 years of age to marry the 13 year old king Eric Magnusson. Eric became king of Norway on 9 May 1280. A marriage contract was signed in royal burgh of Roxburgh on 25 July 1281. The treaty also included a provision for the children of Margaret and Eric to succeed to throne of the kingdom of the Scots. Margaret's dowry was set at 14,000 marks sterling. The year after the wedding was held in Bergen, Norway when Margaret was also crowned queen.
The marriage between Margaret and Eric stands out as a typical marriage of political note. It would reconcile and resolve the Scottish-Norwegian antagonisms that had developed since 1266 resulting from the terms of the Treaty of Perth. Under the treaty, Norway had given up the Hebrides and the Isle of Man to Scotland, in return for a lump sum of 4000 marks and an annuity of 100 marks. Scotland also confirmed Norwegian sovereignty over Shetland and Orkney Islands.
Queen Margaret died in Tønsberg, during or shortly after giving birth to Margaret, Maid of Norway, who would become queen regnant of the Kingdom of Scotland upon the death of her grandfather, King Alexander III on 19 March 1286.
Ancestors of Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway 16. Henry, Earl of Northumbria 8. William I of Scotland 17. Ada de Warenne 4. Alexander II of Scotland 18. Richard I, Viscount de Beaumont 9. Ermengarde de Beaumont 19. Constance FitzRoy 2. Alexander III of Scotland 20. Ralph I, Lord of Coucy 10. Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy 21. Alice de Dreux 5. Marie de Coucy 22. Jean I, Lord of Montmirail 11. Marie de Montmirel 23. Helvide de Dampierre 1. Margaret of Scotland 24. Henry II of England 12. John of England 25. Eleanor of Aquitaine 6. Henry III of England 26. Aymer, Count of Angoulême 13. Isabella of Angoulême 27. Alice of Courtenay 3. Margaret of England 28. Alfonso II, Count of Provence 14. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence 29. Garsenda, Countess of Forcalquier 7. Eleanor of Provence 30. Thomas I, Count of Savoy 15. Beatrice of Savoy 31. Margaret of Geneva
The primary Scottish accounts of the life of Margaret are found in the Chronicle of Lanercost and the Chronica Gentis Scotorum by John of Fordun. The date of the death of Queen Margaret is given as 9 April 1283 in the Chronica Gentis Scotorum, but the Chronicle of Lanercost states her death to have been 27/28 February 1283.
Margaret of Scotland, Queen of NorwayBorn: 28 February 1261 Died: 9 April 1283
- Anderson, A. Orr Early Sources of Scottish History (Vol 2, Edinburgh. 1922)
Norwegian royalty Preceded by
Queen consort of Norway
Norwegian Royal ConsortsSonja Haraldsen (1991–present)
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*also Queen of Denmark
^also Queen of Sweden
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