- Margaret of France, Queen of England and Hungary
Margaret of France Junior Queen consort of the English Tenure 1170 – 11 June 1183 Coronation 27 August 1172 (Westminster Abbey) Queen consort of Hungary Tenure 1186–1196 Spouse Henry the Young King
mar. 1172; dec. 1183
Béla III of Hungary
mar. 1186; dec. 1196
Issue William of England (died in infancy) House House of Capet Father Louis VII of France Mother Constance of Castile Born November 1157 Died August/September 1197
St John of Acre
Burial Cathedral of Tyre
Margaret of France (November 1157 – August/September 1197) was the eldest daughter of Louis VII of France by his second wife Constance of Castile.
She was married to Henry the Young King of England on 2 November 1160. Henry was the second of five sons born to King Henry II of England and Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine. He was five years old at the time of this agreement while Margaret was only two. Margaret's dowry was the vital and much disputed territory of Vexin.
Her husband became co-ruler with his father in 1170. For unknown reasons, Margaret was not crowned along with her husband on 14 July 1170, an omission that greatly angered her father. In order to please the French King, Henry II had his son and Margaret crowned together in Winchester Cathedral on 27 August 1172. Margaret became pregnant and gave birth to their only son William on 19 June 1177. The child was born prematurely and died on 22 June of the same year.
She was accused in 1182 of having a love affair with William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, although contemporary chroniclers doubted the truth of these accusations. Henry may have started the process to have their marriage annulled, ostensibly due to her adultery but in reality because she could not conceive an heir. Margaret was sent back to France, according to E. Hallam (The Plantagenets) and Amy Kelly (Eleonore of Aquitaine and the Four Kings), to ensure her safety during the civil war with Young Henry's brother Richard. Her husband died in 1183 while on campaign in the Dordogne region of France.
After receiving a substantial pension in exchange for surrendering her dowry of Gisors and the Vexin, she became the second queen consort of Béla III of Hungary in 1186. The difficult delivery of her only known child in 1177 seems to have rendered her sterile, as she had no further children by either Young Henry or Béla.
She was widowed for a second time in 1196 and died on pilgrimage to the Holy Land at St John of Acre in 1197, having only arrived a few days prior to her death. She was buried at the Cathedral of Tyre, according to Ernoul, the chronicler who continued the chronicles of William of Tyre.
Margaret was portrayed by Lucy Durham-Matthews (as a young girl) and Tracey Childs (as a teenager) in the 1978 BBC TV drama series The Devil's Crown, which dramatised the reigns of Henry II, Richard I and John.
Margaret of France, Queen of England and HungaryCadet branch of the Robertian dynastyBorn: 1158 Died: 1197
- ^ Gilbert of Mons, Gislebertus, Laura Napran; Chronicle of Hainaut; Boydell Press, 2005
- ^ Elizabeth M. Hallam, Judith Everard; Capetian France, 987-1328; Pearson Education, 2001
- ^ Martin Aurell, The Plantagenet empire, 1154-1224, Pearson Education, 2007
Royal titles Preceded by
Eleanor of Aquitaine
as sole consort
Queen consort of the English
27 August 1172 – 11 June 1183
Served alongside: Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
as sole consort
VacantTitle last held byAgnes of Antioch Queen consort of Hungary
VacantTitle next held byConstance of Aragon English Royal ConsortsMatilda of Flanders (1066–1083) · Matilda of Scotland (1100–1118) · Adeliza of Louvain (1121–1135) · Matilda I of Boulogne (1135–1152) · (Geoffrey V of Anjou?) (1141) · Eleanor of Aquitaine (1154–1189) · Margaret of France (1172–1183) · Berengaria of Navarre (1191–1199) · Isabella of Angoulême (1200–1216) · Eleanor of Provence (1236–1272) · Eleanor of Castile (1272–1290) · Margaret of France (1299–1307) · Isabella of France (1308–1327) · Philippa of Hainault (1328–1369) · Anne of Bohemia (1383–1394) · Isabella of Valois (1396–1399) · Joanna of Navarre (1403–1413) · Catherine of Valois (1420–1422) · Margaret of Anjou (1445–1471) · Elizabeth Woodville (1464–1483) · Anne Neville (1483–1485) · Elizabeth of York (1486–1503) · Catherine of Aragon (1509–1533) · Anne Boleyn (1533–1536) · Jane Seymour (1536–1537) · Anne of Cleves (1540) · Catherine Howard (1540–1542) · Catherine Parr (1543–1547) · (Lord Guilford Dudley?) (1553) · Anne of Denmark (1603–1619) · Henrietta Maria of France (1625–1649) · Catherine of Braganza (1662–1685) · Mary of Modena (1685–1688) · George of Denmark (1702–1707) Hungarian queensGisela of Bavaria (1000–1038) · Anastasia of Kiev (1046–1060) · Richeza of Poland (1060–1063) · Judith of Swabia (1063–1074) · Synadene (1074–1077) · Adelaide of Rheinfelden (1077–1090) · Felicia of Sicily (1097–1102) · Euphemia of Kiev (1112–1113) · Cristiana of Capua (1120–1121) · Adelaide of Riedenburg (1121–1131) · Helena of Rascia (1131–1141) · Euphrosyne of Kiev (1146–1162) · Yaroslavna of Halych (1167–1168) · Agnes of Babenberg (1168–1172) · Maria Komnene (1163–1165) · Agnes of Antioch (1172–1184) · Margaret of France (1186–1196) · Constance of Aragon (1198–1204) · Gertrude of Merania (1203–1213) · Yolanda de Courtenay (1215–1233) · Beatrice d'Este (1234–1235) · Maria Laskarina (1235–1270) · Elizabeth the Cuman (1270–1272) · Elizabeth of Sicily (1269–1290) · Fenenna of Kuyavia (1290–1295) · Agnes of Habsburg (1296–1301) · Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn (1305–1306) · Maria of Bytom (1306–1317) · Beatrice of Luxembourg (1318–1319) · Elisabeth of Poland (1320–1342) · Margaret of Bohemia (1342–1349) · Elizabeth of Bosnia (1353–1382) · Margaret of Durazzo (1385–1386) · Barbara of Cilli (1405–1437) · Elizabeth of Luxembourg (1437–1442) · Catherine of Poděbrady (1461–1464) · Beatrice of Naples (1476–1490) · Barbara of Brandenburg (1490–1491) · Beatrice of Naples (1491–1500) · Anne of Foix-Candale (1502–1506) · Maria of Austria (1515–1526) · Isabella Jagiellon (1539–1540) · Anne Jagiellon (1526–1547) · Maria of Austria (1563–1576) · Anna of Tyrol (1608–1618) · Eleonora Gonzaga (1622–1625) · Maria Anna of Spain (1631–1646) · Maria Leopoldine of Austria (1648–1649) · Eleonora Gonzaga (1651–1657) · Margaret Theresa of Spain (1666–1673) · Claudia Felicitas of Austria (1673–1676) · Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg (1676–1705) · Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1699–1711) · Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1711–1740) · Maria Luisa of Spain (1790–1792) · Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1792–1807) · Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este (1808–1816) · Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (1816–1830) · Maria Anna of Savoy (1831–1848) · Elisabeth of Bavaria (1854–1898) · Zita of Bourbon-Parma (1916–1918)
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