- Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland
Margaret of Denmark Margaret of Denmark Queen consort of Scotland Tenure 1469–1486 Spouse James III of Scotland Issue James IV of Scotland
James, Duke of Ross
John, Earl of Mar
House House of Oldenburg Father Christian I of Denmark Mother Dorothea of Brandenburg Born 23 June 1456
Died 14 July 1486 (aged 30)
Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire
Burial Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire
Margaret of Denmark (23 June 1456 – before 14 July 1486) was the Queen Consort of Scotland from 1469 to 1486 as the wife of King James III of Scotland. She was the daughter of King Christian I of Denmark (1448–1481), Norway (1450–1481), and Sweden (1457–1464), and his wife Dorothea of Brandenburg. The future King James IV of Scotland was her eldest son.
Margaret was betrothed to James of Scotland in 1460. The marriage was arranged by recommendation of the king of France to end the feud between Denmark and Scotland about the taxation of the Hebrides islands, a conflict that raged between 1426 and 1460. In July 1469 (at age 13), at Holyrood Abbey, she married James III, King of Scots (1460–88). Her father, King Christian I of Denmark and Norway, agreed to a considerable dowry. He was in need of cash, however, so the islands of Orkney and Shetland, possessions of the Norwegian crown, were pledged as security until the dowry was to be paid.
William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness, was at that time the Norse Earl of Orkney. In 1472 he was made to exchange his Orkney fief to Castle Ravenscraig, so the Scottish throne took the earl's rights in the islands too.
This marriage produced three children:
- James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513)
- James Stewart, Duke of Ross (March 1476 - January 1504), and
- John Stewart, Earl of Mar (December 1479 - 1503).
Margaret became a popular queen in Scotland and was described as beautiful, gentle, and sensible A story given by her son claims that Margaret was killed by poison given to her by Ramsay, leader of one of the political factions However, as Ramsay was favoured by the royal family also after the death of the queen, this is considered doubtful and may have been slander 
Her great-great-grandson James VI of Scotland married another princess of her dynasty, Anne of Denmark. They became ancestors of all the future monarchs of England and Scotland.
She was responsible for introducing the bloodline of England's first Danish monarch King Sweyn Forkbeard into the Scottish Royal blood line, and after James VI of Scotland ascended to the English throne in 1603, into the English royal bloodline as well.
Ancestors of Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland 16. Conrad I, Count of Oldenburg 8. Christian V, Count of Oldenburg 17. Ingeborg of Itzehoe 4. Theodoric, Count of Oldenburg 18. Dietrich V or VI, Count of Hohnstein 9. Agnes von Honstein 19. Sophie of Brunswick 2. Christian I of Denmark 20. Henry II of Holstein-Rendsburg, Duke of Schleswig 10. Gerhard VI of Holstein-Rendsburg, Duke of Schleswig 21. Ingeborg of Mecklenburg 5. Helvig of Schauenburg 22. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 11. Katharina Elisabeth of Brunswick and Lunenburg 23. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg 1. Margaret of Denmark 24. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg 12. Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg 25. Elisabeth of Meissen 6. John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach 26. Frederick, Duke of Bavaria 13. Elisabeth of Bavaria 27. Maddalena Visconti 3. Dorothea of Brandenburg 28. Wenceslas I, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg 14. Rudolf III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg 29. Cecilia di Carrara 7. Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg 30. Balthasar, Landgrave of Thuringia 15. Anna of Thuringia 31. Margarete von Nürnberg
- ^ a b c "121 (Dansk biografisk Lexikon / XI. Bind. Maar - Müllner)". Runeberg.org. http://runeberg.org/dbl/11/0123.html. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
Scottish royalty Preceded by
Mary of Guelders
Queen consort of Scotland
Scottish Royal ConsortsElizabeth de Burgh (1306–1327) · Joan of The Tower (1329–1362) · Margaret Drummond (1364–1369) · Euphemia de Ross (1371–1386) · Anabella Drummond (1390–1401) · Joan Beaufort (1424–1437) · Mary of Guelders (1449–1460) · Margaret of Denmark (1469–1486) · Margaret Tudor (1503–1513) · Madeleine of Valois (1537) · Mary of Guise (1538–1542) · Francis II of France (1558–1560) · Henry, Duke of Albany (1565–1567) · James, Earl of Bothwell (1567) · Anne of Denmark (1589–1619) · Henrietta Maria of France (1625–1649) · Catherine of Braganza (1662–1685) · Mary of Modena (1685–1688) · George, Duke of Cumberland (1702–1707) Scandinavian Scotland Rulers Notable womenAud the Deep-Minded · Bethóc, Prioress of Iona · Cacht ingen Ragnaill · Gormflaith ingen Murchada · Gunnhild Gormsdóttir · Ingibjörg Hákonardóttir · Ingibjörg the Earls'-Mother · Isabel Bruce · Máel Muire ingen Amlaíb · Margaret, Maid of Norway · Margaret, Queen of Norway · Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland · Ragnhild Eriksdotter · Other notable men History Archaeology Artifacts and culture Althings Language Etymology Battles and treaties Associated clans and septs
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