Morava (river)


Morava (river)
Morava (March)
Morva
River
The Morava meets the Danube in Bratislava-Devín
Countries Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria
Regions Moravia, Olomoucký kraj, Jihomoravský kraj, Trnavský kraj, Trnavský kraj, Bratislavký kraj, Niederösterreich
Tributaries
 - left Mlýnský potok, Zelený potok, Krupá, Braná, Desná, Loučský potok, Rohelnice, Oskava, Bečva, Dřevnice, Struha
Source
 - location Králický Sněžník
Mouth Dunaj
 - location Bratislava

The Morava (German: March, Hungarian: Morva) is a river in Central Europe. It is the most important river of Moravia, which derives its name from it. The river originates on the Králický Sněžník mountain in the northwestern corner of Moravia, near the border between the Czech Republic and Poland and has a vaguely southern trajectory. The lower part of the river's course forms the border between the Czech Republic and Slovakia and then between Austria and Slovakia.

The lowlands formed by the river are the Upper Moravian Vale or Hornomoravský úval and then the Lower Moravian Vale or Dolnomoravský úval in Moravia, the Moravian Field or Marchfeld (the plain between the northeast of Vienna and the Morava river) in Lower Austria, and the Záhorie Lowland or Záhorská nížina (the plain between Moravia and Bratislava) in Slovakia.

The only major cities along the river are Olomouc in Moravia and the Slovak capital Bratislava. After approximately 354 km, the Morava flows into the Danube at Bratislava-Devín, with an average discharge rate of 120 m³/s. The Morava river is unusual in that it is a European blackwater river.

The river's most important tributary is the Thaya (in German) or Dyje (in Czech), flowing in the border area of Lower Austria and Moravia. Another tributary is the Myjava River, which flows into the Morava in Kúty.

The German name March means "border" (c.f. English march). The lower part of the river, downstream of the confluence with the Thaya at Hohenau an der March, marks the Austro-Slovakian border. This is one of the oldest national boundaries still extant in continental Europe; it was the eastern boundary of the March of Austria from the 11th century, and also marked the boundary of the Carolingian Empire with the Avar Khaganate during the 9th century (the March was within Habsburg territory during 1526–1918 due to the imperial expansion of Austria).

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  • Morava River — I River, Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. Formed by the confluence of the South (Južna) Morava and West (Zapadna) Morava rivers, it flows north to enter the Danube River, after a course of 137 mi (221 km). The total area of the Morava River basin… …   Universalium

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  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

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  • Morava — [mor′ə və] 1. Czech name for MORAVIA2 2. river in Moravia flowing south along the Austrian border, into the Danube: c. 230 mi (370 km) 3. river in E Serbia and Montenegro, flowing north into the Danube: 134 mi (216 km) …   English World dictionary

  • Morava — geographical name 1. river about 220 miles (354 kilometers) central Europe flowing S from E Czech Republic & forming part of the borders between the Czech Republic & Slovakia and Austria & Slovakia before entering the Danube 2. river 134 miles… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Morava — Czech., Serbo Croatian. /maw rddah vah/, n. 1. German, March. a river in central Europe, flowing S from NE Czech Republic, along part of the border between the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and Slovakia and Austria, into the Danube W of Bratislava …   Universalium


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