- The Miracle of Marcelino
Marcelino Pan y Vino
Spanish film poster
Directed by Ladislao Vajda Written by José María Sánchez Silva
Starring Rafael Rivelles
José Marco Davó
Music by Pablo Sorozábal Cinematography Enrique Guerner Editing by Julio Peña Distributed by Chamartín
United Motion Pictures Organization
Release date(s) 24 February 1955
8 September 1955
October 22, 1956
Running time 91 minutes Country Spain Language Spanish Box office ESP 97,053,127
Marcelino Pan Y Vino (English: ''Marcelino Bread And Wine'') is a 1955 Spanish film. It was a success, and other countries have produced versions of it. The 1955 film was written by José María Sánchez Silva, who based it on his novel, and directed by Ladislao Vajda. Its stars were Rafael Rivelles, Juan Calvo (who also starred together as Don Quixote and Sancho Panza in the 1947 Spanish film version of Cervantes's Don Quixote and the young child star Pablito Calvo (no relation to Juan) as Marcelino. The background score and the film's theme song are by Pablo Sorozábal. The film became the inspiration for the highly praised Philippine drama, May Bukas Pa.
The story revolves around Marcelino, an orphan abandoned as a baby on the steps of a monastery in nineteenth-century Spain. The monks raise the child, and Marcelino grows into a rowdy young boy. He has been warned by the monks not to visit the monastery attic, where a supposed bogeyman lives, but he ventures upstairs anyway, sees the bogeyman and tears off back down the stairs.
At a festival, Marcelino causes havoc when he accidentally lets some animals loose, and the new local mayor, a blacksmith whom the monks would not let adopt Marcelino because of his coarse behavior, uses the incident as an excuse to try to shut down the monastery.
Given the silent treatment by the monks, Marcelino gathers up the courage to once again enter the attic, where he sees not a bogeyman, but a beautiful statue of Christ on the Cross. Remarking that the statue looks hungry, Marcelino steals some bread and wine and offers it to the statue, which comes to life, descends from the Cross, and eats and drinks what the boy has brought him. The statue becomes Marcelino's best friend and confidant, and begins to give him religious instruction. For his part, Marcelino realizes that the statue is Christ.
The monks know something is strange when they notice bread and wine disappearing, and arrange to spy on Marcelino. One day, the statue notices that Marcelino is pensive and brooding instead of happy, and tells him that he would like to reward his kindness. Marcelino answers: "I want only to see my mother, and to see Yours after that". The statue cradles Marcelino in its arms, tells Marcelino to sleep - and Marcelino dies happy.
The monks witness the miracle through a crack in the attic door, and burst in just in time to see the dead Marcelino bathed in a heavenly glow. The statue returns to its place on the Cross, and Marcelino is buried underneath the chapel and venerated by all who visit the now flourishing monastery-turned-shrine.
The main story is told in flashback by a monk (played by Fernando Rey), who, visiting a dying girl, tells her the story of Marcelino for inspiration. The film ends with the monk entering the now completely remodeled chapel in the monastery during Mass, and saying to the crucifix once kept in the attic: "We have been speaking about you, O Lord", and then, to Marcelino's grave, which is situated nearby, "And about you, too, Marcelino".
The film remains one of the most famous and successful Spanish films ever made in history, and one of the first Spanish films to become successful in the U.S. as well.
A Philippine remake of Marcelino pan y vino, under its original title, was released in 1979.  An Italian remake, Marcellino, was produced in 1991 in color, and was much less successful than the original film.  A Mexican remake is scheduled to hit the theatres on 16 December 2010, with the basic storyline and framed by the Mexican Revolution of 1910. 
- 5th Berlin International Film Festival: Silver Bear
- ^ a b "Festival de Cannes: The Miracle of Marcelino". festival-cannes.com. http://www.festival-cannes.com/en/archives/ficheFilm/id/3715/year/1955.html. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
- ^ "5th Berlin International Film Festival: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1955/03_preistr_ger_1955/03_Preistraeger_1955.html. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
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