Mansoura, Egypt

Mansoura, Egypt
Mansoura
المنصورة
Mansoura is located in Egypt
Mansoura
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°04′N 31°41′E / 31.067°N 31.683°E / 31.067; 31.683
Country  Egypt
Governorate Dakahlia
Governor Rashed Mohamed
Population (2008)
 - Total 1,045,000
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

Mansoura (Arabic: المنصورةAl Manṣūra) is a city in Egypt, with a population of 420,000. It is the capital of the Dakahlia Governorate.

Contents

Etymology

Mansoura means 'The Victorious (city)'. The city is named after the Egyptian victory over Louis IX of France during the Seventh Crusade.

Location

Mansoura lies on the east bank of the Damietta branch of the Nile, in the Delta region. Mansoura is about 120 km northeast of Cairo. Across from the city, on the opposite bank of the Nile, is the town of Talkha.

History

Mansoura was established in 1219 by Saladin's nephew, Abu-Bakr Malik ibn al-Adil I (their phater also known as Saphadin) of the Ayyubid dynasty. After the Egyptians defeated the Crusaders during the Seventh Crusade, it was named Mansoura (aka. "The Victorious").

In the Seventh Crusade, the Capetians were defeated and put to flight; between fifteen and thirty thousand of their men fell on the battlefield. Louis IX of France was captured in the main Battle of Mansoura, and confined in the house of Ibrahim ben Lokman, secretary of the sultan, and under the guard of the eunuch Sobih. The king's brother was imprisoned in the same house. The sultan provided for their sustenance. The house of Ibrahim ben Lokman is now the only museum in Mansoura. It is open to the public and houses articles that used to belong to the French monarch, including his personal thirteenth century toilet.[1]

The Mansura Air Battle [2][3] on October 14, 1973 occurred during the Yom Kippur War. Israeli Air Force fighters attacking Egyptian air bases were intercepted by the Egyptian Air Force. On that day, 160 jet fighters, most belonging to Israel, battled for 53 minutes over the Nile Delta town of Al-Mansoura. Despite the numerical and qualitative superiority of the Israeli warplanes, 18 Israeli planes were downed. The rest retreated.[4][5] Egypt announced the loss of six planes, only three of which fell to Israeli fire. The Egyptian government subsequently changed the country’s "Air Force Day" from November 2 to October 14, to commemorate the Mansoura Air Battle.[3]

Culture

The Egyptian Arabic dialect spoken by Mansoura's population is a northern Egyptian Arabic dialect, with noticeable influences from the city's surrounding rural villages, each of which has contributed to the city's population over the years. There are some similarities to Alexandrian Egyptian Arabic in some aspects of pronunciation.

Mansoura National Museum used to be Dar Ibn Lockman, the house where Louis IX was imprisoned in 1250 during the Seventh Crusade. Displayed in the museum are the suits of mail and swords of the crusaders, as well as a collection of maps. Huge paintings depict the Battle of Mansoura.

The Mansoura branch of the National Library was recently inaugurated as the Mansoura Mubarak Library.[6]

Mansoura is famous for its architectural style, especially the Shinnawi Palace (after Mohamed Bek El-Shinnawi, a member of the Wafd Party). It was built by an Italian architect in 1928. The mosque of El-Saleh Ayoub El-Kebir is one of the most important in Mansoura. It was built by a loyal servant of the Sultan and is located in Al-Sagha Street that separates "Old Mansoura" from the modern city.[7]

Like Cairo and Alexandria, Mansoura was home to a flourishing Greek community until the Nasserite era, when many were forced to leave. Many of the older and best established shops and businesses around the city still bear their original Greek names. The first English school in the city was established on the site of the old Greek school in the Toriel area, one of the traditionally relatively affluent residential districts of the city.

Education

University of Mansoura

The University of Mansoura was founded in 1962, initially as a branch of Cairo University.[8] The Mohamed Ghonim Urology and Nephrology center of Mansoura University is considered to be the best kidney center in the Middle East and Africa.[7]

Mansoura has a sports stadium (Mansoura Stadium) which is home to its football team.[9]

Economy

The city's economy depends on trade, agriculture and the recently discovered natural gas.[10]

Notable people from Mansoura

References

www.taher.net.ms/

External links

Coordinates: 31°03′00″N 31°23′00″E / 31.05°N 31.3833333°E / 31.05; 31.3833333


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • El Mansoura, Egypt — El Mansurah (also spelled as Mansoura ; Arabic: المنصورة, ArabDIN|al manṣūrah) is a city in Egypt, with a population of 420,000. It is the capital of Ad Daqahliyah Governorate. Etymology Mansoura means The Victorious (feminine) from the noun… …   Wikipedia

  • Mansoura University — جامعة المنصورة …   Wikipedia

  • Mansoura Ez-Eldin — (Arabic: منصورة عزّ الدين) (born 1976) is an Egyptian novelist and journalist. Mansoura Ez Eldin was born in Delta Egypt in 1976. She studied journalism at the Faculty of Media, Cairo University and has since published short stories in various… …   Wikipedia

  • El Mansoura Stadium — is a multi use stadium in El Mansoura, Egypt. It is currently used mostly for football matches and hosts the home games of El Mansoura FC. The stadium holds 20,000 people. External links* [http://www.worldstadiums.com/middle… …   Wikipedia

  • Judiciary of Egypt — Egypt This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Egypt …   Wikipedia

  • Bataille aérienne d'El Mansoura — Informations générales Date 14 Octobre 1973 Lieu Delta du Nil,Égypte Issue Victoire égyptienne Belligérants …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Minya, Egypt — For similar spellings, see Minya. For the character in the Godzilla films, see Minilla. Minya المنيا Nickname(s): Bride of Upper Egypt …   Wikipedia

  • Geriatric medicine in Egypt — History Geriatric medicine in Egypt as a speciality was introduced in 1982, and in 1984 a geriatrics unit in Ain Shams University Faculty of Medicine was established [ [http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/1999/438/feature.htm The Age of reason] ] .Many… …   Wikipedia

  • List of medical schools in Egypt — This list of colleges of medicine in Egypt includes major academic institutions in EGYPT that award advanced degrees for medical professionals, such as physicians and surgeons. Schools of medicine or dentistry are listed separately here:… …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Egypt — Life in Egypt Culture Cuisine …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»