Meitei Mayek alphabet


Meitei Mayek alphabet
Meetei Mayek
Meithei manuscript, a Indian language.jpg
Type abugida
Languages Meitei language
ISO 15924 Mtei, 337
Direction Left-to-right
Unicode alias Meetei Mayek
Unicode range U+ABC0..U+ABFF
(v. 6.1.0 beta) U+AAE0..U+AAFF
Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols.

Meetei Mayek script (also Meithei Mayek, Meitei Mayek, Manipuri script) (Manipuri: Meetei Mayek) is an abugida that was used for the Meitei language (Manipuri), one of the official languages of the Indian state of Manipur, until the eighteenth century, and was replaced by the Bengali script. A few manuscripts survive (right). In the twentieth century the script experienced a resurgence.

Meetei Mayek is a Brahmic script with an uncertain history. Since the Meitei language does not have voiced consonants, there are only fifteen consonant letters used for native words, plus three letters for pure vowels. Nine additional consonant letters inherited from the Indic languages are available for borrowings. There are seven vowel diacritics and a final consonant (/ŋ/) diacritic. Every letter is named after a body part of human being.

Unicode

Meitei Mayek script was added to the Unicode Standard in October, 2009 with the release of version 5.2.

The Unicode block for Meitei Mayek, called Meetei Mayek, is U+ABC0–U+ABFF:

Meetei Mayek[1]
Unicode.org chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+ABCx
U+ABDx
U+ABEx
U+ABFx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 6.0

Extensions to the Meetei Mayek script have been included in the beta release of version 6.1.0 of the Unicode Standard, and is anticipated to be formally released in February 2012. [1]

References

  1. ^ "BETA Unicode 6.1.0". The Unicode Standard. Unicode, Inc.. http://www.unicode.org/versions/beta-6.1.0.html. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  • Chelliah, Shobhana L. (1997). A grammar of Meithei. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 0-19-564331-3.
  • Chelliah, Shobhana L. (2002). Early Meithei manuscripts. In C. I. Beckwith (Ed.), Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages: PIATS 2000: Tibetan studies: Proceedings of the ninth seminar of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Leiden 2000 (pp. 59–71). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
  • Chelliah, Shobhana L. (2002). A glossary of 39 basic words in archaic and modern Meithei. In C. I. Beckwith (Ed.), Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages: PIATS 2000: Tibetan studies: Proceedings of the ninth seminar of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Leiden 2000 (pp. 189–190). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.

External links


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