- Green League
party_name = Green League
party_wikicolourid = Green
name in Finnish = Vihreä liitto
name in Swedish = Gröna förbundet
foundation = 1987
ideology = Green
European Greens - European Free Alliance
headquarters = Fredrikinkatu 33 A, 3rd floor
website = [http://www.greens.fi/ www.greens.fi] "This article refers to the political party, for the university environmental performance table, see
The People & Planet Green League"
The party was founded
February 28 1987, and registered as a political party the next year. Political activity had begun already in the early 1980s, when environmental activists, feminists and other active groups began to campaign on Green issues in Finland. In 1995 it was the first European Green party to be part of a state-level Cabinet.
The party was founded as a popular movement, and thus retains the descriptor "liitto", "league". Initially, there was much resistance within the movement against the founding of a political party, motivated by
Maurice Duverger's notion that movements inevitably degenerate into oligarchies when they create a formal organization. The party still especially stresses openness and democratic decision-making.
The first two parliamentary representatives were elected even before the registration, in the elections of 1983. These were the first independent representatives in the Finnish parliament. In 1987 the number of seats rose to four, and in 1991 to ten. In the 1995 election the Green League received a total of nine seats (out of 200), joined the coalition-cabinet led by the Social Democrats, and
Pekka Haavistobecame the minister of Environment and Development Aid, thus becoming the first green minister in Europe. The Green League received 7.3% of the vote, and gained two additional seats in 1999, raising the total to 11. The Greens continued in the next coalition-cabinet, but resigned in protest on May 26, 2002, after the cabinet's decision to allow the construction of a new nuclear plant was accepted in the parliament. In 2003 the Green League received 8.0% of the vote, giving a total of 14 seats. They increased their seats to 15 in 2007 when they received 8.5%.
One of the fourteen Finnish representatives in the
European Parliamentis Green: Satu Hassi. Before the 2004 elections there were two: Heidi Hautalaand Matti Wuori.
At the local level, Greens are an important factor in the largest cities of Finland. In the local election of 2000 the Greens had 7.7% of the vote. In
Helsinki(the capital) the Greens became the 2nd largest party with 23.5% of the vote. In several other cities the Greens achieved the position of the 3rd largest party. Its weak spot is the rural countryside, particularly municipalities experiencing strong outward migration.
The Green League is one of four parties forming the Finnish Government since April 2007. Its ministers are
Tarja Cronberg(Labour) and Tuija Brax(Justice).
Federation of Green Youth and Studentsis the Green League's youth organisation.
"Vihreä liitto" is no longer a
protest party, nor an alternative movement. The party has found its political home at the centre-leftwith a political agenda based on green politics. Nevertheless, many Green candidates in the elections reject classification as "left" or "right". Economic opinions of the members range between left and right.Rauli Mickelsson. Suomen puolueet - Historia, muutos ja nykypäivä. Vastapaino 2007, 429 pages.]
In the party program, the Green League has criticized both the
market economyand socialism, because Greens think that neither system cares about the environment, developing countriesor future generations but, instead, concentrates too much on economic growth. Major principles in the party program are environmental protection, participatory democracyand social justice.
Parliamentarian and former MEP
Heidi Hautalawas a candidate in the presidential elections in 2000 and 2006, taking approximately a 3,5% share of votes in the first round.
List of party chairs
Tuija Brax(1995 –1997)
Current members of parliament
The following 14 Green politicians were elected to the
Finnish Parliamentin the March 2007 parliamentary election, in addition to Merikukka Forsius, who has since defected to the National Coalition Party.
List of environmental organizations
* [http://www.vihrealiitto.fi Official site] fi
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