Liverpool F.C.–Manchester United F.C. rivalry

Liverpool F.C.–Manchester United F.C. rivalry
North West derby
The English derby
City or region North West England
First contested 28 April 1894
Liverpool 2–0 Newton Heath
Teams involved Liverpool, Manchester United
Number of meetings 183[1]
Most player appearances Ryan Giggs (41)[2]
Most recent meeting 15 October 2011
Next meeting 11 February 2012
All-time series 71–51–61 Manchester United[1]
Largest victory Liverpool 7–1 Newton Heath (12 October 1895)[1]

The fixture between Liverpool and Manchester United is one of the most significant sporting rivalries in football, sometimes referred to as the North West derby. Both clubs hail from the North West of England. With both cities of Liverpool and Manchester historically being part of the county of Lancashire, this fixture has been known as a Lancashire derby.

The clubs are also the two most successful teams in England; between them they have won 118 honours: 60 for Manchester United and 58 for Liverpool. The fixture is usually played at midday due to media interest and to discourage fans from drinking before the game.[citation needed]

Long-serving Manchester United player Ryan Giggs claimed that Liverpool against Manchester United is "probably the most famous fixture in English football".[3] This rivalry is one of the most high-profile derbies in the country.

Contents

Roots

Inter-city rivalry

The rivalry can be considered as a manifestation of one which already had existed between the two cities since industrial times. During this time both were competing with each other for supremacy of the north-west, with Manchester famous for its manufacturing prowess while Liverpool was famous for the importance of its port.[4]

Once the Manchester Ship Canal was built, ships could bypass Liverpool and transport goods directly into Manchester. The Ship Canal was an audacious project and upon completion in 1894 it was the longest man-made ship canal in the world. The Ship Canal meant less dues for Liverpool merchants which consequently resulted in job losses at the Port and resentment from the local people of Liverpool. Historians generally regard this as the key incident as to why such inter-city rivalry exists. Furthermore, the crest of Manchester United includes a ship representing the Manchester Ship Canal and reflects Manchester's trade roots. Furthermore this ship is also included on many other Mancunian institutions such as Manchester City Council and rivals Manchester City F.C..

During the late 1970s and 1980s, the two cities had been in decline due to the downturn of industries. However, both cities have again grown and found success, with Manchester now being recognised as a world-class city. Recently, Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games, while Liverpool was awarded the title of 2008 European Capital of Culture.

Football rivalry

Both clubs claim the title of 'the Greatest English Football Club', having won over 50 major trophies each. Liverpool dominated English football during the 1970s and 1980s, claiming the league title eleven times and the European Cup on four occasions during that period, including winning a treble of the League, the League Cup and the European Cup in 1984. Manchester United, however, have dominated the 1990s and 2000s, winning the league title a record twelve times, a European Continental Treble (European Cup, the Premier League and the FA Cup) in 1999, two domestic Doubles and The European Double of the Premier League and European Cup in 2008. Both clubs are also the two most successful English sides in European competition, with Liverpool having been European champions 5 times, and Manchester United 3 times. With Manchester United's victory in the Premier League season 2010–11, they moved ahead of Liverpool with a record 19 league titles. Despite Liverpool's success in England, they have never won the Premier League since its founding in 1992. Winning the League Cup in 2010, Manchester United then set a new English record of 33 domestic honours - moving one clear of the Merseysiders for the first time. Manchester United currently have 34 domestic honours after their victory in the 2010–11 Premier League season.

As well as competing on the football pitch, both teams are also two of the biggest-earning, and widely-supported, football clubs in the world.[5]

The rivalry has extended to the players as well: United striker Wayne Rooney, a product of Liverpool's city rivals Everton described how, although he is from Liverpool, he grew up hating the Reds,[6] while Liverpool's Steven Gerrard took a film crew on tour of his home where he showed off a collection of football shirts he had swapped with opposing players as part of the after match routine; he pointed out that there were no Manchester United shirts in there and that he would never have one of them in his house. Manchester United's Gary Neville has been publicly vocal in the past with regards to his dislike of Liverpool; following a fixture in which John O'Shea scored a stoppage-time winner in front of the Kop in 2007, Neville described O'Shea's achievement as "a lifelong dream" for himself. Neville was berated by Liverpool fans for his role in celebrating in front of them in 2006, kissing the crest on his jersey and appearing to shout angrily towards the fans.

Team League FA Cup League Cup Community Shield European Cup UEFA Cup Cup Winners' Cup European Super Cup Intercontinental Cup Club World Cup Total
Manchester United 19 11 4 19 3 0 1 1 1 1 60
Liverpool 18 7 7 15 5 3 0 3 0 0 58
Combined 37 18 11 34 8 3 1 4 1 1 118

(Charity/Community Shields includes shared honours after a drawn match, as per competition regulations prior to 1993)[7]
Manchester United = 15 outright, 4 shared
Liverpool = 10 outright, 5 shared

Table correct as of 7 August 2011

Player transfers

The rivalry between the two clubs has become so intense that since the 1964 transfer of Phil Chisnall from United to Liverpool, no player has been transferred directly between the two clubs.[8] Some players, however, have played for both clubs, but having played elsewhere between each tenure, such as Paul Ince (playing for Internazionale in between) and Peter Beardsley (Vancouver Whitecaps and Newcastle United) and more recently Michael Owen (Real Madrid and Newcastle United).[9]

In 2007, there was a bid from Liverpool to sign Gabriel Heinze from United, but United refused to allow him to join their biggest rivals due to the ongoing feud. United claimed that it was agreed Heinze would only join a foreign club if he chose to leave.[10] Heinze went public with his request to join Liverpool which was seen as the ultimate betrayal by the Manchester United fans. The Manchester United fans who once chanted "Argentina" in honour of the player now turned their backs on him. Heinze was eventually sold to Real Madrid instead.

Date[11] Name From To Fee[12]
August 1912 Tom Chorlton Liverpool Manchester United
November 1913 Jackie Sheldon Manchester United Liverpool
September 1920 Tom Miller Liverpool Manchester United £2,000
May 1921 Fred Hopkin Manchester United Liverpool
February 1929 Tommy Reid Liverpool Manchester United
January 1938 Ted Savage Liverpool Manchester United
November 1938 Allenby Chilton Liverpool Manchester United
February 1954 Thomas McNulty Manchester United Liverpool £7,000
April 1964 Phil Chisnall Manchester United Liverpool £25,000

Statistics

Manchester United wins Draws Liverpool wins
League 60 44 53
FA Cup 9 4 3
League Cup 1 0 3
Other 1 3 2
Total 71 51 61
Table correct as of 15 October 2011[1]

Last five head-to-head fixtures

Date Home Team Score Away Team Venue Competition
21 March 2010 Manchester United 2–1[13] Liverpool Old Trafford Premier League
19 September 2010 Manchester United 3–2[14] Liverpool Old Trafford Premier League
9 January 2011 Manchester United 1–0[15] Liverpool Old Trafford FA Cup
6 March 2011 Liverpool 3–1[16] Manchester United Anfield Premier League
15 October 2011 Liverpool 1–1[17] Manchester United Anfield Premier League

All-time results

Liverpool in the league at home

Date Venue Score Competition
12 October 1895 Anfield 7–1 Second Division
22 April 1905 Anfield 4–0 Second Division
1 April 1907 Anfield 0–1 First Division
25 March 1908 Anfield 7–4 First Division
30 January 1909 Anfield 3–1 First Division
9 October 1909 Anfield 3–2 First Division
26 November 1910 Anfield 3–2 First Division
11 November 1911 Anfield 3–2 First Division
29 March 1913 Anfield 0–2 First Division
15 April 1914 Anfield 1–2 First Division
26 December 1914 Anfield 1–1 First Division
1 January 1920 Anfield 0–0 First Division
9 February 1921 Anfield 2–0 First Division
17 December 1921 Anfield 2–1 First Division
19 September 1925 Anfield 5–0 First Division
28 August 1926 Anfield 4–2 First Division
24 December 1927 Anfield 2–0 First Division
13 February 1929 Anfield 2–3 First Division
25 January 1930 Anfield 1–0 First Division
3 April 1931 Anfield 1–1 First Division
27 March 1937 Anfield 2–0 First Division
7 September 1938 Anfield 1–0 First Division
3 May 1947 Anfield 1–0 First Division
3 September 1947 Anfield 2–2 First Division
27 December 1948 Anfield 0–2 First Division
7 September 1949 Anfield 1–1 First Division
23 August 1950 Anfield 2–1 First Division
24 November 1951 Anfield 0–0 First Division
13 December 1952 Anfield 1–2 First Division
22 August 1953 Anfield 4–4 First Division
13 April 1963 Anfield 1–0 First Division
13 April 1964 Anfield 3–0 First Division
31 October 1964 Anfield 0–2 First Division
1 January 1966 Anfield 2–1 First Division
25 March 1967 Anfield 0–0 First Division
11 November 1967 Anfield 1–2 First Division
12 October 1968 Anfield 2–0 First Division
13 December 1969 Anfield 1–4 First Division
5 September 1970 Anfield 1–1 First Division
25 September 1971 Anfield 2–2 First Division
15 August 1972 Anfield 2–0 First Division
22 December 1973 Anfield 2–0 First Division
18 November 1975 Anfield 3–1 First Division
3 May 1977 Anfield 1–0 First Division
25 February 1978 Anfield 3–1 First Division
14 April 1979 Anfield 2–0 First Division
26 December 1979 Anfield 2–0 First Division
14 April 1981 Anfield 0–1 First Division
24 October 1981 Anfield 1–2 First Division
16 October 1982 Anfield 0–0 First Division
2 January 1984 Anfield 1–1 First Division
31 March 1985 Anfield 0–1 First Division
9 February 1986 Anfield 1–1 First Division
26 December 1986 Anfield 0–1 First Division
4 April 1988 Anfield 3–3 First Division
3 September 1988 Anfield 1–0 First Division
23 December 1989 Anfield 0–0 First Division
16 September 1990 Anfield 4–0 First Division
26 April 1992 Anfield 2–0 First Division
6 March 1993 Anfield 1–2 Premier League
4 January 1994 Anfield 3–3 Premier League
19 March 1995 Anfield 2–0 Premier League
17 December 1995 Anfield 2–0 Premier League
19 April 1997 Anfield 1–3 Premier League
6 December 1997 Anfield 1–3 Premier League
5 May 1999 Anfield 2–2 Premier League
11 September 1999 Anfield 2–3 Premier League
31 March 2001 Anfield 2–0 Premier League
4 November 2001 Anfield 3–1 Premier League
1 December 2002 Anfield 1–2 Premier League
9 November 2003 Anfield 1–2 Premier League
15 January 2005 Anfield 0–1 Premier League
18 September 2005 Anfield 0–0 Premier League
3 March 2007 Anfield 0–1 Premier League
16 December 2007 Anfield 0–1 Premier League
13 September 2008 Anfield 2–1 Premier League
25 October 2009 Anfield 2–0 Premier League
6 March 2011 Anfield 3–1 Premier League
15 October 2011 Anfield 1–1 Premier League
Liverpool wins Manchester United wins Draws
38 22 19

Manchester United in the league at home

Date Venue Score Competition
2 November 1895 Bank Street 5–2 Second Division
24 December 1904 Bank Street 3–1 Second Division
25 December 1906 Bank Street 0–0 First Division
7 September 1907 Bank Street 4–0 First Division
26 September 1908 Bank Street 3–2 First Division
19 February 1910 Old Trafford 3–4 First Division
1 April 1911 Old Trafford 2–0 First Division
23 March 1912 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
23 November 1912 Old Trafford 3–1 First Division
1 November 1913 Old Trafford 3–0 First Division
2 April 1915 Old Trafford 2–0 First Division
26 December 1919 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
5 February 1921 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
24 December 1921 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
10 March 1926 Old Trafford 3–3 First Division
15 January 1927 Old Trafford 0–1 First Division
5 May 1928 Old Trafford 6–1 First Division
15 September 1928 Old Trafford 2–2 First Division
21 September 1929 Old Trafford 1–2 First Division
6 April 1931 Old Trafford 4–1 First Division
21 November 1936 Old Trafford 2–5 First Division
6 May 1939 Old Trafford 2–0 First Division
11 September 1946 Maine Road 5–0 First Division
27 August 1947 Maine Road 2–0 First Division
25 December 1948 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
15 March 1950 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
30 August 1950 Old Trafford 1–0 First Division
12 April 1952 Old Trafford 4–0 First Division
20 April 1953 Old Trafford 3–1 First Division
19 December 1953 Old Trafford 5–1 First Division
10 November 1962 Old Trafford 3–3 First Division
23 November 1963 Old Trafford 0–1 First Division
24 April 1965 Old Trafford 3–0 First Division
9 October 1965 Old Trafford 2–0 First Division
10 December 1966 Old Trafford 2–2 First Division
6 April 1968 Old Trafford 1–2 First Division
14 December 1968 Old Trafford 1–0 First Division
13 September 1969 Old Trafford 1–0 First Division
19 April 1971 Old Trafford 0–2 First Division
3 April 1972 Old Trafford 0–3 First Division
11 November 1972 Old Trafford 2–0 First Division
29 September 1973 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
18 February 1976 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
16 February 1977 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
1 October 1977 Old Trafford 2–0 First Division
26 December 1978 Old Trafford 0–3 First Division
5 April 1980 Old Trafford 2–1 First Division
26 December 1980 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
7 April 1982 Old Trafford 0–1 First Division
26 February 1983 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
24 September 1983 Old Trafford 1–0 First Division
22 September 1984 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
19 October 1985 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
20 April 1987 Old Trafford 1–0 First Division
15 November 1987 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
1 January 1989 Old Trafford 3–1 First Division
18 March 1990 Old Trafford 1–2 First Division
3 February 1991 Old Trafford 1–1 First Division
6 October 1991 Old Trafford 0–0 First Division
18 October 1992 Old Trafford 2–2 Premier League
30 March 1994 Old Trafford 1–0 Premier League
17 September 1994 Old Trafford 2–0 Premier League
1 October 1995 Old Trafford 2–2 Premier League
12 October 1996 Old Trafford 1–0 Premier League
10 April 1998 Old Trafford 1–1 Premier League
24 September 1998 Old Trafford 2–0 Premier League
4 March 2000 Old Trafford 1–1 Premier League
17 December 2000 Old Trafford 0–1 Premier League
22 January 2002 Old Trafford 0–1 Premier League
5 April 2003 Old Trafford 4–0 Premier League
24 April 2004 Old Trafford 0–1 Premier League
20 September 2004 Old Trafford 2–1 Premier League
22 January 2006 Old Trafford 1–0 Premier League
22 October 2006 Old Trafford 2–0 Premier League
23 March 2008 Old Trafford 3–0 Premier League
14 March 2009 Old Trafford 1–4 Premier League
21 March 2010 Old Trafford 2–1 Premier League
19 September 2010 Old Trafford 3–2 Premier League
Manchester United wins Liverpool wins Draws
38 15 25

Results at home in Cup matches

Date Venue Matches Competition
Team 1 Score Team 2
12 February 1898 Bank Street Newton Heath 0 – 0 Liverpool FA Cup 2nd Round
16 February 1898 Anfield Liverpool 2 – 1 Newton Heath FA Cup 2nd Round Replay
7 February 1903 Bank Street Manchester United 2 – 1 Liverpool FA Cup 1st Round
8 January 1921 Anfield Liverpool 1 – 1 Manchester United FA Cup 1st Round
12 January 1921 Old Trafford Manchester United 1 – 2 Liverpool FA Cup 1st Round Replay
24 January 1948 Goodison Park Manchester United 3 – 0 Liverpool FA Cup 4th Round
30 January 1960 Anfield Liverpool 1 – 3 Manchester United FA Cup 4th Round
14 August 1965 Old Trafford Manchester United 2 – 2 Liverpool 1965 Charity Shield
26 November 1985 Anfield Liverpool 2 – 1 Manchester United League Cup 4th Round
31 October 1990 Old Trafford Manchester United 3 – 1 Liverpool League Cup 3rd Round
24 January 1999 Old Trafford Manchester United 2 – 1 Liverpool FA Cup 4th Round
18 February 2006 Anfield Liverpool 1 – 0 Manchester United FA Cup 5th Round
9 January 2011 Old Trafford Manchester United 1 – 0 Liverpool FA Cup 3rd Round
Manchester United wins Liverpool wins Draws
6 4 3

Results at neutral venues

Date Venue Matches Competition
Team 1 Score Team 2
28 April 1894 Ewood Park Liverpool 2 – 0 Newton Heath Football League Test Match
21 May 1977 Wembley Manchester United 2 – 1 Liverpool 1977 FA Cup Final
13 August 1977 Wembley Liverpool 0 – 0 Manchester United 1977 Charity Shield
31 March 1979 Maine Road Manchester United 2 – 2
(a.e.t.)
Liverpool FA Cup Semi-final
4 April 1979 Goodison Park Manchester United 1 – 0 Liverpool FA Cup Semi-final Replay
26 March 1983 Wembley Liverpool 2 – 1
(a.e.t.)
Manchester United 1983 League Cup Final
20 August 1983 Wembley Manchester United 2 – 0 Liverpool 1983 Charity Shield
13 April 1985 Goodison Park Manchester United 2 – 2
(a.e.t.)
Liverpool FA Cup Semi-final
17 April 1985 Maine Road Manchester United 2 – 1 Liverpool FA Cup Semi-final Replay
18 August 1990 Wembley Liverpool 1 – 1 Manchester United 1990 Charity Shield
11 May 1996 Wembley Manchester United 1 – 0 Liverpool 1996 FA Cup Final
12 August 2001 Millennium Stadium Liverpool 2 – 1 Manchester United 2001 Charity Shield
2 March 2003 Millennium Stadium Liverpool 2 – 0 Manchester United 2003 League Cup Final
Manchester United wins Liverpool wins Draws
5 4 4

Hooliganism

With the rise of football hooliganism across English football during the 1970s and 1980s, matches between the two clubs brought some minor and major incidents of hooliganism.[citation needed] Since then, the modern game has seen a decrease in violence between the rival supporters and incidents are fairly uncommon. This is more likely due to an increase in Police presence and CCTV with huge steps taken to keep the fans separated. To this day, both sets of fans still hold a resentment toward each other. As well as physical violence, sections of the clubs' fan bases often taunt each other with unsavoury chants about the Munich air disaster and the Hillsborough disaster respectively.

At the 1996 FA Cup Final, an unidentified Liverpool fan spat at Eric Cantona and threw a punch at Alex Ferguson as a victorious Manchester United team walked up the steps at Wembley Stadium to collect the trophy from the Royal Box.[18]

After an FA Cup match in 2006 between the clubs, an ambulance carrying Alan Smith, who had broken his leg during the match, was attacked on its way to the hospital by Liverpool fans.[19] The same match featured foreign objects thrown at Man Utd fans by Liverpool supporters, including human excrement. [20] A Liverpool FA Cup Semifinal game against Chelsea later that year also resulted in damage to Old Trafford, including graffitti about serial killer Harold Shipman. [21]

At Anfield, fans are banned from going near the away team entrance on matchdays following an incident in the late 1990s where a Liverpool fan threw an egg at Alex Ferguson.[citation needed]

In March 2011, the Daily Mail reported that an FA Youth Cup game between the two clubs was marred because of "sick chants" about Hillsborough and Heysel coming from the Manchester United fans present at Anfield. The article also claims that six Manchester United fans were ejected from the stadium due to bad behaviour. [22] Former Liverpool striker John Aldridge was at the game and told the Liverpool Echo that "the level of abuse was absolutely sickening." [23]

In January 2011, the Manchester Evening News reported clashes between the M.I.B (Manchester United Firm) and the Urchins (Liverpool Firm) in Deansgate after Manchester United's FA Cup 3rd Round win over Liverpool at Old Trafford. Several Liverpool fans were injured and around 20 to 30 people were arrested.

Significant games

In 1977, the two clubs met in a cup final for the first time, when they reached the final of the FA Cup. The two clubs took to the field at Wembley on 21 May, with Liverpool having just won the league title, knowing that winning this game would put them on course for a unique treble as they had the European Cup final to look forward to four days later. However, United ended Liverpool's treble dreams with a 2-1 win, with goals from Stuart Pearson and Jimmy Greenhoff, five minutes apart with a Jimmy Case consolation goal in between.[24]

Six years later, on 26 March 1983, the two sides met for the Football League Cup final. Goals from Alan Kennedy and Ronnie Whelan won the game 2-1 for Liverpool, who collected the trophy for the third year in succession. Norman Whiteside scored United's consolation goal. It was the last of Liverpool manager Bob Paisley's nine seasons in charge (during which Liverpool had dominated the English and European scene) before his retirement, and his players allowed him to climb the 39 steps to collect the trophy from the Royal Box.[25]

On 4 April 1988, Liverpool were 11 points ahead at the top of the league and almost certain of winning the First Division title with barely a month of the league season remaining. United, in their first full season under the management of Alex Ferguson, were their nearest rivals. The two sides took to the field for a league encounter at Anfield and with the second half just minutes old the home side had a 3–1 lead with goals from Peter Beardsley, Gary Gillespie and Steve McMahon, with United's only goal coming from Bryan Robson. Robson then pulled a goal back for United, and with 12 minutes remaining fellow midfielder Gordon Strachan equalised to force a 3–3 draw.[26]

Nearly six years after this clash, Anfield was the scene of another 3–3 draw in the league between the two sides, only this time it was the home side who climbed back from the jaws of defeat. On 4 January 1994, in the second season of the new FA Premier League, United took a 3-0 lead at Anfield in the opening 25 minutes with goals from Steve Bruce, Ryan Giggs and Denis Irwin. Liverpool managed to claw back to draw 3-3 with two goals from Nigel Clough and another from Neil Ruddock. It was one of the last games in charge of Liverpool for manager Graeme Souness, who had resigned by the end of the month.[26]

On 1 October 1995, United's Eric Cantona made his comeback to the side after serving an eight-month suspension for attacking a spectator in a game against Crystal Palace. His comeback game was against Liverpool in the Premier League at Old Trafford. United took an early lead through Nicky Butt, only for Liverpool's Robbie Fowler to score twice and give the visitors a 2-1 lead. However, United were awarded a penalty in the 71st minute and Cantona converted it successfuly, forcing a 2-2 draw.[26]At the end of the season, the two sides met again at Wembley for the FA Cup Final. The game stayed goalless until the 85th minute, when Liverpool condeded a corner, which David Beckham swung into the box to be cleared by David James, only for Eric Cantona to fire home United's winner.[27]

On 14 March 2009, the two sides met at Old Trafford in the Premier League. United were ahead at the top of the league and Liverpool were looking to make a late run to the title which had eluded them since 1990. United went ahead in the 23rd minute with a Cristiano Ronaldo penalty, but Fernando Torres equalised five minutes later for Liverpool, and a Steven Gerrard penalty just before half time put Liverpool in the lead. United had Nemanja Vidić sent off in the 76th minute, and their misery was swiftly confounded by late goals from Fabio Aurelio and finally Andrea Dossena, condemning them to a 4-1 defeat - their heaviest at Old Trafford in any competition for 17 years.[28]However, United managed to finish the season as league champions for the third season in succession,[29]with Liverpool finishing second.[30]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "United versus Liverpool". StretfordEnd.co.uk. http://www.stretfordend.co.uk/opponents/liverpool.html. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Ryan Giggs". StretfordEnd.co.uk. http://www.stretfordend.co.uk/playermenu/giggs.html. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Interview: Ryan Giggs". Football Focus (British Broadcasting Corporation). 22 March 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/player/sol/newsid_7300000/newsid_7308800/7308818.stm?bw=bb&mp=wm&news=1&bbcws=1. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  4. ^ Rohrer, Finlo (21 August 2007). "Scouse v Manc". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/6956608.stm. Retrieved 3 April 2008. 
  5. ^ "Man Utd drops down wealth league". BBC News. 8 February 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6339941.stm. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  6. ^ "Rooney: I Hate Liverpool". 12 March 2009. http://therepublikofmancunia.com/rooney-i-hate-liverpool/. Retrieved 23 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "The Shield - A brief history". http://www.thefa.com/TheFACup/FACompetitions/TheFACommunityShield/History.aspx. 
  8. ^ "The day that Phil crossed the great divide!". Liverpool Echo. 6 July 2007. http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/liverpool-fc/liverpool-fc-news/2007/07/06/the-day-that-phil-crossed-the-great-divide--100252-19412368/. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  9. ^ "Owen completes switch to Man Utd". BBC Sport. 2009-07-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/m/man_utd/8131801.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  10. ^ "Liverpool Eyeing Heinze". thesoccerblog.org. 3 July 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070928115621/http://www.thesoccerblog.org/premiership/liverpool-eyeing-heinze/. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  11. ^ Mitten, Andy (2007). The Man Utd Miscellany. London: Vision Sports Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-905326-27-3. 
  12. ^ Hinson, Paul (June 2004). "United All-Time Transfer List". Red11.org. http://red11.org/mufc/alltransfer.htm. Retrieved 3 August 2008. 
  13. ^ McNulty, Phil (21 March 2010). "Man Utd 2-1 Liverpool". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/8570837.stm. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  14. ^ McNulty, Phil (19 September 2010). "Man Utd 3-2 Liverpool". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/9000606.stm. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  15. ^ Bevan, Chris (9 January 2011). "Man Utd 1-0 Liverpool". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/fa_cup/9341910.stm. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  16. ^ McNulty, Phil (6 March 2011). "Liverpool 3–1 Man Utd". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/9410613.stm. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  17. ^ Pearce, Jonathan (15 October 2011). "Liverpool 1–1 Man Utd". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/eng_prem/15225853.stm. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "Wembley to act over spitting". The Independent (London: Independent News and Media). 13 May 1996. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/wembley-to-act-over-spitting-1346999.html. Retrieved 17 January 2009. 
  19. ^ "Smith ambulance attack condemned". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 26 February 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/m/man_utd/4742360.stm. Retrieved 26 February 2006. 
  20. ^ "Anfield Admits Excrement Thrown at Utd Fans". ESPN Soccernet. ESPN. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/news/story?id=362170&cc=5901. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  21. ^ "Rival Fans Vandalize Old Trafford". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 25 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/manchester/4943290.stm. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  22. ^ King, Dominic (14 March 2011). "Sick chants, three arrests and four red cards ruin FA Youth Cup clash between Liverpool and Manchester United". Daily Mail (London). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article-1365850/Manchester-United-edge-Liverpool-epic-FA-Youth-Cup-encounter-Anfield.html. 
  23. ^ "Former Liverpool striker John Aldridge slams Manchester United fans who marred Youth Cup game". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 March 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/teams/liverpool/8380303/Former-Liverpool-striker-John-Aldridge-slams-Manchester-United-fans-who-marred-Youth-Cup-game.html. 
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ a b c Rice, Simon (4 March 2011). "Classic Liverpool v Manchester United encounters". The Independent (London). http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/news-and-comment/classic-liverpool-v-manchester-united-encounters-1807274.html?action=Gallery. 
  27. ^ Wilkerson, Ian (16 February 2006). "FA Cup flashback". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/fa_cup/4694012.stm. 
  28. ^ "Man Utd 1-4 Liverpool". BBC News. 14 March 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/7922069.stm. 
  29. ^ McNulty, Phil (18 May 2009). "Man Utd 0-0 Arsenal". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/8038259.stm. 
  30. ^ Brett, Oliver (24 May 2009). "Liverpool 3-1 Tottenham". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/8048312.stm. 

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