Major Muslim Rajput clans of Punjab


Major Muslim Rajput clans of Punjab

The Rajputs clans that had converted to Islam were found throughout the old province of Punjab. The Pothohar region was seen as a stronghold of the Muslim Rajputs mainly Janjua and Minhas. Essentially, the Muslim Rajputs were divided into three groups, those found in the north west, those of the central, who by and large belonged to seven tribes, namely, the Saharan, Khokhar,Dogar, Bhatti, Ghumman,Chauhan, Ghorewaha, Manj, Naru and Parmar (Panwhar), and finally the Ranghar of modern Haryana. The Chauhan and Panwar formed the principal clans of Ranghar, with large communities in Chauhan in Karnal and Ambala, while the Panwar were concenterated in Rohtak.[1] Here is a brief description of the major Punjabi Rajput clans found in Pakistani Punjab:[2]

Contents

A

Alpial

The Alpial clan is found mainly in Fateh Jang Tehsil of Attock District. The Alpial are a clan of the Manj Rajputs. The Alpials use the title Chawdhary.

B

Bangial

The Bangial are tribe found mainly in the Potohar region of Punjab and also in the Mirpur District of Azad Jammu and Kashmir . Those of Rawalpindi District consider themselves Rajputs, while those in Jhelum and Gujrat consider themselves as Jats. The Rajput branch uses the title Raja. In addition to those in the Potohar region, the Bangial tribe is also found in Thal desert, especially Darya Khan in Bhakkar District. These use the title Khan. The Bangial are a clan of the Rajputs.

Baghela

The Baghela are a Suryavanshi clan of Rajputs. In Punjab, they occupy a few villages in Kamalia. The use the title Mehr.

Baghial

The Baghial clan is found mainly in Rawalpindi District. They are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. The use the title Raja.

Bais

The Bais or more so pronounced Bhains in the local Punjabi are a clan Suryavanshi Rajputs. They are also Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists. They are found normally in the northern areas of both sides of Punjab region, Himachal, Haryana and Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Surnames: Bhains, Bais, Baniya, Basade, Baruliya, Badhelia, Beunse, Vense, Basade, Kataha, Rao, Khathabains, Tilokchandi.

Bargujar

There are two Muslim branches of the Bargujar clan, one of which was found in the Gurgaon District, in modern Haryana. After the partition of British India in 1947, these Bargujar settled in Okara and Sahiwal District. They use the title Rao. Another Muslim branch, which remains in India are the Lalkhanis of Aligarh District in Uttar Pradesh, to which belongs the famous family of the Nawabs of Chathari.

Bersal.

The Bersal are a Suryavanshi clan, and were Rajas of Kashmir and Kangra. The Hindu branch provided the Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir. Prior to partition, the districts of Gurdaspur, kangra, Chamba,and Occupied Jammu & Kashmir were home to a large number of Muslim Bersal. In what became Pakistani territory, they were and are found in numbers in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sahiwal and Rawalpindi districts, which all bordered Occupied Jammu and Kashmir. The Bersal were close relatives of Pathania Rajputs of Gurdaspur. The Bersal are Use Raja,Rana,Chauhdary and Mian as a title.

Bhachar

The Bhachar are a clan of Khokhar Rajputs, found mainly in and around the town of Wan Bhachran in Mianwali District. They use the title Malik.

Bhakral

The Bhakral are found in the Potohar region, in Jhelum and Rawalpindi Districts. They claim to be a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. Like all Potohar Rajputs, they use the title Raja.

Bhao

The Bhao are found in Gujrat District of Punjab,and Bhimber District of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The Bhao are Dogras, and are a clan of the Raghbansi Rajputs. Like the Chibs, whom they closely resemble, the use Raja as title.

Bharat

The Bharat are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. They are found in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District. Some historians consider them to last remnants of the ancient clan of the Bharatas, the clan of the Pandav. They use the title Raja.

Bhatti

The largest Rajput tribe in the Punjab, found in every district of that province. They are a Chandravanshi clan, the Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Krishna through Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhatti Rajput clan. Prior to the partition of India, the Bhatti were found in almost all the districts of the British province, barring the extreme south east. Many other clans such as the Sidhu Jats, among other claim Bhatti descent. Those of Potohar use the title Raja, those from Jallandhar and Ludhiana use the title Rai, while those of Pindi Bhattian use the title Chawdhary.

Bhutta

Found in south west Punjab, especially atround Multan, the Bhutta are a Suryavanshi clan. They use the title Malik. They should not be confused with the Bhutta clan of the Arain tribe, which is entirely distinct.

C

Chadhar

The Chadhar are a Parmara clan, and found throughout southern Punjab. The Jhang Chadhars call themselves Rajputs, and use the title Malik. But the Chadhars of Gujranwala, Sargodha and Jhelum consider themselves to be Jat.

Chattar

The Suryavanshi rajput clan found in Chiniot, Gujrat, Kharian, Lalamusa, Sri alamgir and Kallar Syedan regions in small numbers. Chattar use the title of Raja while some were given honorary titles of Sheikh or Malik after embracing Islam.

Chib

The Chib are a clan of the Katoch Rajputs of Kangra, and are Dogras. They are found in the Kharian Tehsil of Gujrat District, and just above Jhelum city in the Jhelum District. Like other Rajputs of the region, they use Raja as their title.

Chandel

The Chandel are a Chandravanshi clan, historically found in the Doaba and Malwa regions of Indian Punjab. Like other East Punjab clans, they emigrated to Pakistan after partition. The use the title Rana.

Chauhan

The Chauhan are a widespread clan, and together with Parmar, come from the Agnivanshi branch of the Rajputs. The Chauhans were also one of the main clans of the old Punjab, who had almost entirely converted to Islam. There were only a few Hindu villages left in the Gurgaon District. The Chauhans of the Potohar region, where they are found in Attock, Rawalpindi and Jhelum use the title Raja. The Chauhans of Lahore, as well as those once settled in Amritsar and Jallandhar use the title Rana. The Chauhans are formed the main element of the Ranghar of Haryana. Like other Haryana Muslims, they emigrated to Pakistan. They use the title Rao.

D

Daulatana

The Daulatana are a clan of Johiya Rajputs. They are found in Vehari District. They use Mian as a title.

Dhamial

The Dhamial are a clan of the Janjua Rajputs. They are found mainly in Rawalpindi District, a few families are also found in Jhelum, Kotla Faqir is an all Rajput Dhamial village. Like other Potohar tribes, they have both Rajput and Jat section. The Dhamial of Mirpur District of Azad Jammu and Kashmir are Jats.

Dhudhi

The Dhudhi are a clan of Agnivansha Parmara Rajputs. They are found mainly in Sargodha, Jhang, Faisalabad, Bahawalpur, Multan and Khanewal districts. Like other Rajput clans of southern Punjab, they use Rana , Mian & Rai as a title.

G

Ghuman

The Ghuman (also spelt Ghumman) are a branch of the Janjua Rajputs. They are found mainly in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Gujrat and Sargodha districts. They use the title Chaudhary, Raja, Rai.

Gungal

The Gungal are clan of Bhatti Rajputs. They are found mainly in Rawalpindi, Islamabad Capital Territory.They use the title Chawdhary..

Gaharwal

The Gaharwal are a clan of the Janjua Rajputs. They are found in the Kahuta Tehsil of Rawalpindi District. They use the title Raja.

Gaurwa

The Gaurwa are a clan of Chauhan Rajput. They were found mainly in Gurgaon District, but found mainly in Okara, Vehari and Kasur districts.

Ghorewaha

Perhaps the largest of the central Punjab clans, found historically in Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts. They are a clan of the Kachwaha Rajputs. After the division of the Punjab, in 1947, they all migrated to Pakistan. However, two Hindu branchs of the tribe are still found in Nawanshahr ( Jadla ) and Hoshiarpur. They are now found mainly in Faisalabad District and use the title Rana.

H

Hattar

The Hattar are a branch of the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found mainly in Chakwal, Jhelum, Sargodha and Attock districts. The Pothohar branch use Raja as the title, while those of Sargodha and Mandi Bahauddin use Malik as a title.

Hon

The Hon or Hoon are a branch of the Parmara Rajputs. Found mainly in the Kahuta Tehsil of Rawalpindi District. Like other Potohar Rajputs, they use the title Raja.

J

Jalap

The Jalap are a clan of Khokhar Rajputs, found in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District. A few are also found in Gujrat and Mandi Bahauddin districts. They use the title Raja.

Jamra

The Jamra are a clan of the Samma, found mainly in Rajanpur District. They use the title Malik.

Janjua

One of the most important of the Potohar Rajput clans. They are found in Jhelum, Chakwal, Khushab and Rawalpindi Districts. They generally use the title Raja, but certain families have the additional title of Sultan. Janjuas of Shadia Dist Mianwali are also referred to as Malik. (They are in dominant in Shadia and have the following sub clans; Mulkai Khel, Pattu Khel, Aziz Khel, Longi, Musi, Shah Mir Khel, Janu Khel, Ahmed Khel, Shah-wali Khel, Mehrwan Khel, Zaid Khel, Malu Khel and Sikandri Janjua.

Jarral

In Punjab, the Jaral are found in Wazirabad Tehsil of Gujranwala District. They originate from Rajauri District of Occupied Jammu & Kashmir. There was also a small community found in Kangra District, in what is now Himachal Pradesh state.Like Bhao and Chib, whom they resemble, they are a Dogra clan. Some use the title Raja, while others uniquely among Rajputs, use the title Mirza.

Jasgam

A Rajput clan found in Gujar Khan , Kotli Sattian and Kallar Syedan tehsils of Rawalpindi District. They use the title Raja.

Jaswal

The Jaswal are a Katoch clan (originally of the Chauhan root-clan) and were the rulers of the Jaswan kingdom (centred around Bhir Jaswan) of the present day Una and Hoshiarpur districts of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, India, respectively. They are of Chandravanshi lineage and have Jaikaria status (1st class). Jaswals from this region are Hindus or Sikhs. After the partition of India, the Muslim section of the Jaswal Rajputs emigrated to Pakistan and use the title Mian.

Jatal

A Bhatti Rajput clan, found in the Kahuta Tehsil of Rawalpindi District. Like other Potohar Rajputs, they use the title Raja.

Jatu

The Jatu are a Tonwar clan, found mainly in what is now Haryana state. They now form part of the Ranghar community settled in Okara, Kasur and Multan districts. They use the title Rao.

Jodhra

The pre-eminent Rajput clan of the Attock District, to which belong the Maliks of Pindigheb. They use the title Malik.

Johiya

One of 36 original clans of Rajputs, belonging to the Chandravanshi division. Historically found as far east as Sirsa, in what is now Haryana, to Mianwali in the west of Punjab. The Firozpur, Fazilka and Sirsa Johiya use Rana as a title, while the Johiya of southern Punjab and those of Sargodha and Mianwali, use Malik as a title.

K

Kanyal

The Kanyal are a clan of Minhas Rajputs. They are found mainly in Jhelum District and Gujar Khan Tehsil. Like some other Potohar clans, they have both Rajput and Jat sections. The Rajput section uses Raja as a title.

Kathia

The Kathia are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. They are found mainly in Sahiwal, Khanewal, Vehari and Jhang Districts. They use Mehr as a title.

Katil

The Katil are a clan of Suryavanshi Rajputs. They are found mainly in Narowal District. They use Rana as a title.

Kharal

The Kharal are a clan of Agnivanshi clan of Rajputs. They are found mainly in Okara, Vehari, Khanewal, Faisalabad and Sahiwal districts. Prior to partition, there were several Kharal villages in Jallandhar and Firozpur districts of Indian Punjab. They use the title Rai.

Khichi

The Khichi are a clan of Chauhan Rajputs. They are found mainly in Vehari, Sahiwal, Khanewal, Jhang and Sargodha districts. They use Malik as a title.

Khingar

The Khingar are a clan of the Bhatti Rajput, found mainly in Jhelum and Gujara Khan.

Khokhar

One of the largest Rajput tribes in Punjab. Historically the Khokhar were found in Lahore, Gujranwala, Kasur, Sialkot and Gujrat districts of central Punjab and Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Amritsar and Jallandhar districts of East Punjab. Most of the East Punjab Khokhars emigrated to Pakistan after the partition of British India. The Khokhars of central and eastern Punjab use Malik as a title. Smaller numbers of Khokhars can also be found in Sargodha, Multan, Mianwali, Jhang and Sahiwal districts, these Khokhars use Malik as a title. Finally, the Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil, of Jhelum District is home to a prominent family, who use the title Raja.

L

Langrial

The Langrial according to some traditions are of Brahmin ancestry, according to others they are a Bhatti clan. Those of Rawalpindi District consider themselves to be Rajputs, while those in other districts consider them Jat.

Lodhra

The Lodhra are a clan of the Minhas Rajputs. They are found entirely in Lodhran District, the town of Lodhran is named after the tribe.

M

Mahaar

The Mahaar are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. They are found all along the valley of the Sutlej river, in Okara, Sahiwal, and Lodhran districts. They were also found in Sirsa, this branch of was known as the Sanwrepotre. Like other Haryana Muslim Rajputs, they migrated to Pakistan after separation.

Mangral

The Mangral, are a Rajput clan originating from the Jangladesh region of Rajastan and the historical founders and rulers of the Panjub Hills States of Kotli and Poonch.

In Punjab they are to be found in Gujrat and Rawalpindi districts, especially in Kahuta Tehsil. They use the title Raja.

Manj

The Manj are a Chandravanshi clan. Historically, they were found in Jallandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar and Hoshiarpur districts. There were and still are a few villages in Lahore District. Like other Muslim Rajputs of East Punjab, they migrated to Pakistan after the partition of India. They are now found in Shikhupura, Faisalabad, Okara and Sahiwal districts. They use the title Raja Rai,Chaudhry etc.

Marral

The Marral are a clan of Chauhan Rajputs. Found in Jhang and Bahawalpur. They use the title Malik.

Meo

The Meo are a clan of Jadubansi Rajputs, claiming descent from Krishna. They were and many are still found in the Mewat region of India. The districts of Gurgaon, Alwar and Bharatpur formed the Mewat region. After partition, many Meos became refugees. In Punjab, they are found in Narowal, Lahore, Kasur and Okara districts. They use the title Chawdhary.Meos comes from the main stocks of Kashtryas i.e. Tomars,Kaschwaha,Bud Gujjars,Chuhans,Jadus and Rathores.

Minhas/Manhas

The Minhas are a Suryavanshi clan, and are Dogras. The Hindu branch provided the Maharajas of Occupied Jammu and Kashmir. Prior to partition, the districts of Hoshiarpur and Gurdaspur were home to a large number of Muslim Minhas. In what later became Pakistani territory, they were and are found in numbers in Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum and Rawalpindi districts, which all bordered Occupied Jammu and Kashmir. The Mair Minhas, are found in Chakwal District, while the Manes and Lodhra branches were found in south Punjab. The Sialkot and East Punjab Minhas used Mian as a title, and so do the Manes and Lodhra. The Mair Minhas use Chawdhary as a title, while the Gujrat and Potohar Minhas use Raja as a title.

N

Nagyal

The Nagyal are a Minhas clan. They are found mainly in Rawalpindi and Jhelum Districts. Like other Potohar clans, they have both a Rajput & Jat section. The Rajput section uses Raja as a title.

Naipal

The Naipal are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. Their historic homeland was Firuzpur District in East Punjab. They are now found mainly in Faisalabad and Okara districts.

Narma

The Narma are a Parmara Rajput clan. They are found in Gujrat, Jhelum and Rawalpindi districts. Like other Potohar Rajputs, they use Raja as a title.

Naru

The Naru are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. Historically found in Hoshiarpur, Jallandhar, Ludhiana and Ambala districts. Like other Muslim Rajputs, they emigrated to Pakistan after partition. Now found in Sargodha, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Okara and Sheikhupura districts. They use Rana as a title.

Naul

The Naul are a clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found in Kasur, Sahiwal, Okara, Sheikhupura, Nankana Sahib and Jhang Districts. They use Mehr as a title.

Noon

The Noon are a clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found in Sargodha, Multan and Bhakkar. The Sargodha Noon use Malik as a title, and have historically been connected with the Tiwana tribe. The Multan and Bhakkar Noon use Rana as a tiyle.

P

Panwar

The Panwhar or Parmara or sometimes Puar are one of the four Agnivanshi clans of the Rajputs. In Punjab, they were found in four clusters, those of central punjab, who were found in Lahore, Amritsar and Firozpur districts. These used the tile Rana. As with other Muslim Rajputs, those of Amritsar and Firozpur emigrated to Pakistan.

The Panwhar of found among the Seraiki speaking community in Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan. They used Malik as title. In Haryana, the Panwhar or Puar were after the Chauhan, the principal tribe. They used Rao as a title. They have all emigrated to Pakistan, after 1947, and are found in Okara, Kasur and Sahiwal districts.

And finally, in Jhelum, there were a few villages in the Pabbi hill, who use the title Raja.

In addition to the Panwhar proper, a number of clans such as the Sial and Tiwana are of Panwhar descent.

Pathania

The Pathania are Chandravanshi Rajputs. This clan is overwhelmingly Hindu, with there being only two villages of Muslim Pathania in Gurdaspur District. Like other Muslim Rajput clans, after partition, they emigrated and settled in Pakistan. They use the title Mian.

Phullarwan

The Phullarwan are a Suryavanshi tribe. They are found in Sahiwal, Vehari, Sargodha and Gujrat districts.

Pundir

The Pundir are a Suryavanshi clan. They were found in the Yamuna valley in Karnal and Ambala districts. Like other Haryana clans, the emigrated to Pakistan. They use the title Rao.

R

Ranghar

The term Ranghar is used to collectively describe the Muslim Rajputs, of what is now Haryana state in India. They mainly belong to the Bargujar, Bhatti, Chauhan, Johiya, Mandahar, Panhwar, Pundir and Tonwar clans. Almost all these clans used Rao as a title. The Ranghar are now found in Okara, Kasur, Bhakkar, Mandi Bahauddin and Multan districts.

Ranial

The Ranial are a branch of the Janjua rajputs. Found in Rawalpindi District of Punjab and the Islamabad Capital Territory. Like other Potohar Rajputs, they use Raja as a title.

Rathore

The Rathore are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan. In Punjab, Muslim Rathore were found mainly in Hissar District. In addition to these Rathore, Punjab is also home to Rathore who originate in the Kashmir valley.

Ratial

The Ratial is a clan of the Katoch Rajputs. They occupy a few villages in the Kahuta Tehsil of Rawalpindi District. Like other Potohar clans, the use Raja as a title.

S

Satti

sattis are muslim rajput tribe belonging to rawalpindi district.they are mostly present in Kotlisattian muree and kahutaa tehsil

Sarral

The Sarral are a small clan of unknown origin. They occupy several villages in the Islamabad Capital Territory. Like other Potohar clans, the use Raja as a title.

Sangra

The Sangra are clan of the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found mainly in Jhang and Multan districts. They use the title Rai.

Saharan (gotra)

Saharan means (King of the world). Saharan is an ancient clan of Kshatriya Rajput. They are found in Syedwala, Chiniot , Saharanwala, Saharanwali. They use title Shah, Rana, Chaudhary and Malik specially in Chiniot. This is extreme warrior clan of Rajputs. Some of them adopted the profession of agriculture and called jats. It is another thing that they are also from rajputs because they clam fom Yaduvanshi king Maharaja Gaj of Ghazni. Some Saharans in India and Pakistan still claim from Kshatriya rajputs and their lineage go to Lord Rama and called Suryavanshi Saharan, included Saharans of Syedwala. Some Saharan come from Bhatti Rajput and some connect to their linage to Saharan who was the brother of Sindu (Two rulers of Gujrat, India). But Some come from Raja Saharan of Thanesar who embraced Islam and this raja also belonged to Gujrat. Some Saharans come from Nagavanshi Rajput linage. Some historian say to saharans from Bhatti rajput as below:

Bhatti Rajputs Clans: Lahar, Sara, Bharon, Makar, Mond, Kohar, Saharan, Isharwal, Khetalan, Jatai, Khodma, Bloda, Batho, and Dhokia.

Indian Saharans: http://www.answers.com/topic/saharan-gotra

Sohlan

The Sohlan are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. Found in a few villages in Jhelum Tehsil. They use the title Raja.

Sial

The Sial are a clan of Parmara Rajputs. Found in Jhang, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Mianwali, Sahiwal, Khanewal, Vehari, Rawalpindi and Jhelum district. The Sial of Jhang use Mehr or mian as a title, while those of Jhelum and Rawalpindi use Raja.Mostly Sial consider them Jat.

Sulehria

The Sulehria, or Salaria or sometime Sulehri are a Chandarvanshi clan of Rajputs. Like the Jarral, Bhao, Minhas and Chib, they are settled in Jammu region,but they are not Dogara. In Punjab, they are found mainly is Sialkot.Shakhopura and Gurdaspur district. The Gurdaspur Sulehria emigrated to Pakistan, after partition. They use the titles Rana,Thakur and Chaudhry.while in Jhelum and Azad Kashmir they use the title Raja.

T

Taoni

The Taoni are a Chandravanshi clan. They were found mainly in Patiala, Rajpura, Ambala and Karnal. Now found mainly in Okara District. They use the titles Rai and Rana.

Tiwana

The Tiwana are a clan of the Parmara Rajputs. There are two branches of the tribe, those of Khushab, and those of Samana in Patiala District. Those of Samana are now settled in Pakistan as well. The Khushab Tiwana use Malik as a title, while those originally from Samana use Chawdhary.

Tonwar

The Tonwar or Tomar or Toor are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. The Tonwar were found in Hissar and Rohtak districts of Haryana. After partition, they settled among other Ranghar communities in Okara and Sahiwal. They use the title Rao. In addition to Tonwar Rajputs, the Punjab is also home to the Toor Jats, who claim Tonwar ancestry, as do the Jarral Rajputs, who are also of Tonwar ancestry.

V

Varya

The Varya or Baryah or something Warah are a clan of Suryavanshi Rajputs. Found historically in Ambala, Jalandhar and Patiala State. Like other Muslim Rajputs of the region, they emigrated to Pakistan, after independence.

W

Wattu (Wattoo)

The Wattu or Watto are a clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs. Historically, they were found in Fazilka, Sira, Zira, Bahawalnagar, Kasur, Okara and Sahiwal. The Fazilka, Sirsa and Zira Wattu emigrated to Pakistan, after the partition of British India. They use the title Mian.


See Also

  • Punjabi Rajput
  • Tribes and clans of the Pothohar Plateau

References

  1. ^ Punjabi Musalmans by J M Wikely
  2. ^ A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of Punjab and the North West Frontier Province Volume I to III by Horace Arthur Rose

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