Mosbach


Mosbach
Mosbach
Coat of arms of Mosbach
Mosbach is located in Germany
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Mosbach
Coordinates 49°21′8″N 9°8′48″E / 49.35222°N 9.14667°E / 49.35222; 9.14667Coordinates: 49°21′8″N 9°8′48″E / 49.35222°N 9.14667°E / 49.35222; 9.14667
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis
Town subdivisions 6
Mayor Michael Jann (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 62.23 km2 (24.03 sq mi)
Elevation 156 m  (512 ft)
Population 24,490 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 394 /km2 (1,019 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate MOS
Postal codes 74801–74821
Area code 06261
Website www.mosbach.de

Mosbach is the capital of the Neckar-Odenwald district in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, about 58 km east of Heidelberg. Its geographical position is 49.21'N 9.9'E.

It has a population of approximately 25,000 people distributed in six boroughs: Mosbach Town, Lohrbach, Neckarelz, Diedesheim, Sattelbach and Reichenbuch.

Contents

Geography

Mosbach is situated south of the Odenwald mountains at a height of 134-354m at the confluence of the Neckar and the Elz. The town is part of the conservation area Naturpark Neckartal-Odenwald and the UNESCO Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald.

History

The settlement of Mosbach developed around the Benedictine monastery of Mosbach Abbey ("Monasterium Mosabach"), the first written record of which dates from the 9th century. In 1241 rights and privileges had been granted to Mosbach as an Imperial free city. These rights were lost in 1362 when Mosbach became part of the Electoral Palatinate. With the division of the lands of King Rupert in 1410, Mosbach became the capital of a small principality known as Palatinate-Mosbach as the inheritance for his son Otto I. With the death of his brother John, Count Palatine of Neumarkt 1443, the territory of Palatinate-Neumarkt was added in a personal union to Palatinate-Mosbach creating the territory of Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt. This principality was dissolved with the death of Count Palatine Otto II in 1499. The city and adjoining territory reverted to the Electoral Palatinate, and Mosbach became the capital of the administrative district of "Oberamt Mosbach". In 1806 the city was made part of the Grand Duchy of Baden. In World War II, the Mosbach area was the location of an underground airplane engine factory.[2]

The etymology for Mosa- is related to the words Marsh, Mosses, Mousse etc. Bach- is literally Beck in English, and Bogg in Norse. It generally means river in Germany... Because we are talking about a geographic location Mosbach and its alternate spelling Musbach basically mean Marsh-River.

International relations

Mosbach is twinned with:

Points of interest

Its historic sites include:

  • the historic town centre with the pedestrian area and timber-framed houses, such as:
    • the Palm House built in 1610, which is the town’s emblem
    • the Salzhaus, which is the oldest timber-framed house
  • old town hall with tower
  • the former collegiate church, now a parish church, of which the nave is used by the Protestants, and the chancel by the Roman Catholics
  • the Tempelhaus in Neckarelz, which has the character of both a castle and a church.

Mosbach lies on the following heritage routes:

  • the Deutsche Fachwerkstrasse (“German Half-timbered Road”), joining the locations of many of the best German half-timbered buildings
  • the Burgenstrasse (“Castle Road”), linking many historic castles

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. 31 December 2009. http://www.statistik-bw.de/Veroeffentl/Statistische_Berichte/3126_10001.pdf. 
  2. ^ Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962), The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II Air Forces in combat, New York: Bonanza Books, pp. p220 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mosbach — Mosbach …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mosbach — Mosbach,   Große Kreisstadt, Verwaltungssitz des Neckar Odenwald Kreises, Baden Württemberg, 151 m über dem Meeresspiegel, zwischen Odenwald und Bauland an Neckar und Elz, 25 300 Einwohner; Berufsakademien (für Wirtschaft und Technik); Städtische …   Universal-Lexikon

  • MOSBACH — MOSBACH, city in Baden, Germany. A Jewish community was in existence in Mosbach by the second half of the 13th century. In 1298 the rindfleisch massacres took 55 Jewish lives. Jews also suffered in 1343, when they were accused of desecrating the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mosbach — Mosbach, 1) Bezirksamt im badischen Unterrheinkreise, 3,50 QM.; 20,000 Ew.; meist fürstlich leiningisch; 2) Stadt darin, im Odenwalde an der Elz; altes Schloß, Lateinische Schule, Synagoge; Fayencefabrik, Eisenhammer; Weinbau, Brauerei; 2700 Ew.; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mosbach — Mosbach, 1) Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen bad. Kreises, der auf 2166 qkm (39,34 QM.) 150,695 Einw. zählt, davon 52,355 Evangelische, 95,384 Katholiken und 2669 Juden (70 Einw. auf 1 qkm), und Amtsstadt, am Elzbach, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinie… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mosbach — Mosbach, Kreisstadt in Baden, an der Elz, (1905) 3980 E., Land und Amtsgericht, Schloß, Solquelle, Realprogymnasium, Gewerbe und Handelsschule; Tonöfen , Bronze , Brokatfabriken. – Vgl. Wirth (1864) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mosbach — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mösbach — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mösbach — 48°35′46″N 08°03′51″E / 48.59611, 8.06417Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mosbach — Original name in latin Mosbach Name in other language Mosbach, Mosbach in Baden, Mosbakh, Mossbach, mo si ba he, mosubahha, msbakh, Мосбах State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 49.35357 latitude 9.15106 altitude 186 Population… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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