- Duxbury Reef State Marine Conservation Area
Duxbury Reef State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) is a marine protected area located about 1 mile (2 km) west of Bolinas in Marin County on California’s north central coast. This marine protected area covers 0.66 square miles (1.7 km2). Duxbury Reef SMCA prohibits the take of all living marine resources, except the recreational take of finfish from shore only and the recreational take of abalone.
Duxbury Reef SMCA is one of 21 marine protected areas adopted by the California Department of Fish and Game in August 2009, during the second phase of the Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. The MLPAI is a collaborative public process to create a statewide network of protected areas along California’s coastline.
The north central coast’s new marine protected areas were designed by local divers, fishermen,conservationists and scientists who comprised the North Central Coast Regional Stakeholder Group. Their job was to design a network of protected areas that would preserve sensitive sea life and habitats while enhancing recreation, study and education opportunities.
The north central coast marine protected areas took effect May 1, 2010.
Geography and natural features
Duxbury Reef SMCA is a marine protected area located about 1 mile (2 km) west of Bolinas in Marin County on California’s north central coast. Duxbury Reef is one of the largest shale reefs in North America and lies north of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge, within the Point Reyes National Seashore.
The Duxbury Reef SMCA is bounded by the mean high tide line, a distance of 1,000 feet (300 m) seaward of mean lower low water and the following points:
Habitat and wildlife
With one of the largest shale reefs in North America, Duxbury Reef contains various habitats including rocky and soft bottom, shallow rocky reefs and bull kelp beds. These habitats are home to many fish, marine mammal and seabird populations, including white sharks. They also host diverse marine invertebrate and algae populations. The Duxbury Reef SMCA will offer increased protections to these benthic species in a heritage area, while allowing traditional access.
Recreation and nearby attractions
Through a haze of salty fog, visitors can see, hear, smell and even feel the thunderous ocean breakers washing over long sandy beaches and crashing into rocky cliffs. Point Reyes National Seashore covers over 100 square miles (260 km2) and includes 3,300 acres (13 km2) of coastal wilderness area. The undeveloped coastline stretches for 80 miles (130 km). Extensive recreational activities include hiking, biking, camping and wildlife viewing. Kayaking in nearby Bolinas Lagoon or surfing at Bolinas or Stinson Beach are also popular activities. There are three visitor centers and extensive ranger-led programs.
Duxbury Reef SMCA prohibits the take of all living marine resources, except the recreational take of finfish from shore only and the recreational take of abalone. However, California’s marine protected areas encourage recreational and educational uses of the ocean. Activities such as kayaking, diving, snorkeling, and swimming are allowed unless otherwise restricted.
As specified by the Marine Life Protection Act, select marine protected areas along California’s central coast are being monitored by scientists to track their effectiveness and learn more about ocean health. Similar studies in marine protected areas located off of the Santa Barbara Channel Islands have already detected gradual improvements in fish size and number.
- ^ Department of Fish and Game. "California Fish and Game Code section 2853 (b)(3)". Marine Life Protection Act. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
- ^ Castell, Jenn, et al. "How do patterns of abundance and size structure differ between fished and unfished waters in the Channel Islands? Results from SCUBA surveys". Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO) at University of California, Santa Barbara and University of California, Santa Cruz; Channel Islands National Park. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Moro Cojo Slough State Marine Reserve — Moro Cojo Estuary State Marine Reserve (SMR) is a marine protected area established to protect the wildlife and habitats in Moro Cojo Slough. Moro Cojo Slough is located inland from Monterey Bay on the central coast of California, directly south… … Wikipedia
Natural Bridges State Marine Reserve — The intertidal zone at Natural Bridges is home to mussels, sea stars, sea anemones and limpets, seen here being studied by children … Wikipedia
Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary — The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS) is a US Federally protected marine area offshore of California s central coast around Monterey Bay. Supporting one of the world’s most diverse marine ecosystems, it is home to numerous mammals,… … Wikipedia
Manchester State Park (California) — Manchester State Park (also known as Manchester State Beach) consists of 760 acres (3.1 km2) including 18,000 feet (5,500 m) of protected beachfront on the Pacific Ocean in Northern California near Point Arena. The park is noted for… … Wikipedia
Montaña de Oro State Park — Location San Luis Obispo County, California … Wikipedia
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary — Area map of the sanctuary. The coast of California is to the upper right, and the administrative centre, located on the granite outcropping, adjacent to it. The actual sanctuary is further left, and colored darker blue. Cordell Bank National… … Wikipedia
Moss Landing Wildlife Area — The reserve in upper left Moss Landing Wildlife Area is a California State wildlife preserve on the shore of Elkhorn Slough. Contents 1 … Wikipedia
Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park — Allensworth Historic District U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district … Wikipedia
Mendocino Woodlands State Park — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark … Wikipedia
Cuyamaca Rancho State Park — Further information: Rancho Cuyamaca Cuyamaca Rancho State Park West Mesa Trail in the Laguna Mountains, Cuyamaca Rancho State Park. Location … Wikipedia