Dunster Priory


Dunster Priory
Dunster Priory

Monastery information
Order Benedictine
Established c. 1100
Disestablished 1539
People
Important associated figures William de Mohun
Site
Location Dunster, Somerset, England
Grid Reference SS989436
Dunster Priory is located in Somerset
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Dunster Priory shown within Somerset
(grid reference SS989436)

Dunster Priory was established as a Benedictine monastery around 1100 in Dunster, Somerset, England.

The first church in Dunster was built by William de Mohun who gave the church and the tithes of several manors and two fisheries, to the Benedictine Abbey at Bath. The priory, which was situated just north of the church, became a cell of the abbey.[1] The church was shared for worship by the monks and the parishioners, however this led to several conflicts between them. One outcome was the carved rood screen which divided the church in two with the parish using the west chancel and the monks the east.[2] The priory church is now in parochial use as the Priory Church of St George which still contains 12th and 13th century work, although most of the current building is from the 15th century. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[3][4]

By 1291 the priory had income from lands and rents of £5 13s. 3d., and from churches and ecclesiastical dues of £13 7s. 4d. according to the taxatio of Pope Nicholas IV. In 1332 it became more separated from the Abbey at Bath and became a priory in its own right.[5] In the "Valor Ecclesiasticus" of 1535 the net annual income of the Dunster Tithe Barn is recorded as being £37.4.8d (£37 23p), with £6.13s7d ( £6.68p ) being passed on to the priory in Bath.[6]

The Dunster Dovecote, on Priory Green opposite the Tithe Barn, is approximately 19 feet (5.8 m) high and 19 feet (5.8 m) in diameter,[7] with walls around 4 feet (1.2 m) thick.[8] There are five hundred and forty nest-holes.[7] It would originally have belonged to the priory. Domestic Pigeons were kept to provide squabs, a luxury food from the breast meat of young pigeons. From the 12th century until 1619, only Lords of the Manor and parish priests were allowed to keep them.

The tithe barn itself, a grade II listed building,[9] dates from the 14th century but has been much altered and only a limited amount of the original features survive. It has a cruciform plan. The east front has central double doors of heavy oak with a chamfered frame.[10] The Somerset Buildings Preservation Trust (SBPT) has co-ordinated a £550,000[11] renovation project to turn it into a multi-purpose community hall under a 99-year lease at a pepper-corn rent, by the Crown Estate Commissioners who own the building.[12]

In 1346 Cleeve Abbey built a nunnery in Dunster, but it was never inhabited by nuns and was used as a guest house.[13] The former guest house of Dunster Priory, which was built in the 15th century, is now the Luttrell Arms Hotel.[14]

The priory was dissolved as part of the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539.

References

  1. ^ "Benedictine Priory, Dunster". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. http://webapp1.somerset.gov.uk/her/details.asp?prn=34816. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "History of Dunster Church & Priory". Dunster Tithe Barn. http://www.dunstertithebarn.org.uk/history-church.htm. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Priory Church of St George, Dunster". Images of England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=264660. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  4. ^ Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and chronology 1350 - 1550. Avebury Publishing Company. ISBN 0861275020. 
  5. ^ Page, Wlliam (1911). "Houses of Benedictine monks: The priory of Dunster',". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 2. British History Online. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40920. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Dunster Tithe Barn". Everything Exmoor. http://www.everythingexmoor.org.uk/_D/Dunster_Tithe_Barn.php. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  7. ^ a b Cooke, A.O.. "Somerset and Devon". Book of Dovecotes. Chapter 17. http://www.pigeoncote.com/dovecote/cooke17.html. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  8. ^ Ballard, Barbara. "Dunster Somerset". Britain Express. http://www.britainexpress.com/villages/dunster.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  9. ^ "Tithe Barn". Images of England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?pid=2&id=264707. Retrieved 2006-11-05. 
  10. ^ "Dunster Tithe Barn". Dunster Tithe Barn. http://www.dunstertithebarn.org.uk/. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  11. ^ "Partnership resurrects 16th century tithe barn in Dunster". Crown Estate. http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/newscontent/92_dunster_tithe_barn.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  12. ^ "The Tithe Barn, Dunster". Somerset Building Preservation Trust. http://www.sbpt.info/restoration6.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  13. ^ Lambert, Tim. "A History of Dunster". Local History .org. http://www.localhistories.org/dunster.html. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  14. ^ "The Luttrell Arms Hotel". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=264681. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 

Further reading

Jordan, Joan (2009). The History of Dunster Church and Priory. Halsgrove. ISBN 9781906551117. 

Coordinates: 51°11′01″N 3°26′54″W / 51.1836°N 3.4484°W / 51.1836; -3.4484


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