- Duke William of Württemberg
Duke William of Württemberg Full name German: Wilhelm Nikolaus House House of Württemberg Father Duke Eugen of Württemberg Mother Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg Born 20 July 1828
Carlsruhe, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 5 November 1896(aged 68)
Duke William of Württemberg (German: Herzog Wilhelm Nikolaus von Württemberg; 20 July 1828 – 5 November 1896) was an Austrian and Württemberg General.
Early life and family
Duke William was born at Carlsruhe, Kingdom of Prussia (now Pokój, Poland) was the first child of Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1788–1857), (son of Duke Eugen of Württemberg, and Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern) by his second marriage to Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1807–1880), (daughter of Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Amalie of Solms-Baruth). William had three half-siblings by his father's previous marriage with Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont. He was the first member of the House of Württemberg to attended a public high school in Breslau.
After studying in Geneva, Bonn, he joined in 1848 as a Lieutenant in the Austrian Army (Infantry Regiment Kaiser Franz Joseph No. 1 in Vienna). During the First Italian War of Independence (1848–1849) he was wounded several times. In recognition of his bravery, Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky von Radetz promoted him as Captain in the infantry regiment No. 45.
In 1853 he became Major, between 1857 and 1859 Colonel Lieutenant, and Colonel and commander of the infantry regiment No. 27 King of the Belgians. He fought also at the Second Italian War of Independence (1859). At the Battle of Magenta, he impressed both his superiors, Major General Wilhelm Ramming and Field Marshal Lieutenant Eduard Clam-Gallas and his opponents. The French generals Gustave Lannes de Montebello and Pierre Louis Charles de Failly mentioned this a few weeks later in a meeting against the Field Marshal Lieutenant Prince of Hesse.
After the campaign, he arrived with his brigade to Trieste, in 1869 commander 11th Infantry Division troops in Prague, on 24 October 1869 he was promoted to Lieutenant Field Marshal. At the Franco-Prussian War William fought on the German side against France, and in 1878 at the Russian-Turkish war.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
In 1878, during the occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, he fought (again on the Austrian side) at Rogelj and Jaice. Due to the excellent performances, Emperor Franz Joseph I appointed him Feldzeugmeister and commanding general of the 18th Army Corps. His task was to submit to the west and bring peace to Bosnia. In 1878 he was commissioned to organize Bosnia and Herzegovina militarily and politically. He served as Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1878 to 1881.
He developed the military and economic interests to be taken into account plan, a large number of communication routes. The school system, especially the militarily organized Knabenpensionat in Sarajevo, developed in the short time, as well as all other branches of administration and justice.
In 1883 William was the Commanding General of the XI. Corps in Lemberg. In 1889 he became commander of the 3rd Armeekorps in Graz. Army Corps in Graz. In 1891 he retired from the military because of the death of King Charles I of Württemberg and his successor William II had no son, William became the heir presumptive to the throne of Württemberg.
William was Württemberg General of the Infantry À la suite of the of the Grenadier Regiment "King Karl" (5 Wurttemberg) No. 123 and the Royal Colonel of the Prussian Infantry Regiment of Herwarth Bittenfeld (1st Westphalian) No. 13.
As a member of the House of Württemberg, he was a member of the Estates of Württemberg.
- 1842 – Great Cross of the Order of the Crown, Württemberg
- 1849 – Knights Cross of the Order of Leopold, Austria
- 1859 – Order of the Iron Crown, Second Class, Austria
- 1859 – Knights Cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa, Austria
- 1864 – Commander's Cross of the Order of Leopold, Austria
- 1864 – Pour le Mérite, Prussia
- 1878 – Order of the Iron Crown 1st Class with war decoration, Austria
- 1881 – Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold, Austria
Ancestors of Duke William of Württemberg 16. Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg 8. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg 17. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis 4. Duke Eugen of Württemberg 18. Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt 9. Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt 19. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia 2. Duke Eugen of Württemberg 20. Friedrich Karl, Prince of of Stolberg-Gedern 10. Christian Karl, Prince of Stolberg-Gedern 21. Countess Louise of Nassau-Saarbrücken 5. Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern 22. Count Heinrich II Reuss of Lobenstein 11. Countess Eleanore Reuss of Lobenstein 23. Countess Juliana Dorothea Charlotte of Hochberg, Baroness of Fürstenstein 1. Duke William of Württemberg 24. Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 12. Christian Albert, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 25. Countess Eleonore of Nassau-Saarbrücken 6. Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 26. Frederick Carl, Prince of Stolberg-Gedern 13. Countess Caroline of Stolberg-Gedern 27. Countess Louise of Nassau-Saarbrücken 3. Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 28. Johann Karl, Count of Solms-Baruth 14. Johann Christian II, Count of Solms-Baruth 29. Countess Louise of Lippe-Biesterfeld 7. Countess Amalie of Solms-Baruth 30. Heinrich VI, Count Reuss of Köstritz 15. Countess Friederike Reuss of Köstritz 31. Henrica Casado de Monteleone
Notes and sources
Duke William of WürttembergHouse of WürttembergBorn: 20 July 1828 Died: 5 November 1896
- Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Herzog Wilhelm Nikolaus von Württemberg
- thePeerage.com - Wilhelm Herzog von Württemberg
- The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976 , Addington, A. C., Reference: 223
- L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: II 525
- R. Zerelik in: Sönke Lorenz, Dieter Mertens, Volker Press (Eds.): The House of Wuerttemberg. A biographical dictionary. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-17-013605-4 , S. 370–371.
- Frank Raberg: Manual of the Württemberg State Parliament from 1815 to 1933. Biographical Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-17-016604-2 , p. 1051st
- Franz Ilwof: Nicolaus Wilhelm, Duke of Württemberg . In General German Biography (ADB). Band 43, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1898, S. 213–218. Volume 43, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1898, p. 213-218.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Württemberg, Wilhelm Nicolaus Duke of, In: Biographical Encyclopedia of the Empire Austria , Volume 58 (1889), published by LC Zamarski, Vienna, 1856-1891, p. 253-258
German royalty Preceded by
later became William II
Heir to the Throne of Württemberg
as heir presumptive
6 October 1891 – 5 November 1896
Political offices Preceded by
Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina
18 November 1878 – 5 April 1881
Governors of the Austro-Hungarian condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina Occupation (1878–1908) Annexation (1908–1918) 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationEberhard · Louis III, Duke of Württemberg · Maximilian · Ulrich · John Frederick, Duke of Württemberg · Georg Frederick · Ludwig Frederick · Joachim Frederick · Julius Frederick · Philipp Frederick · Frederick Achilles, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt · Magnus · August 5th generation 6th generationJohn Frederick · Louis Frederick · Christian Eberhard · Eberhard · William Louis, Duke of Württemberg · Karl Christof · Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental · Karl Maximilian · George Frederick · Albrecht Christian · Louis · Joachim Ernst · Philipp Siegmund · Karl Ferdinand · John Frederick · Eberhard · Emanuel Eberhard · Frederick Augustus, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt · Ulrich · Eberhard · Albrecht · Ferdinand Willem, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt · Anton Ulrich · Christoph · Carl Rudolf, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation 12th generation 13th generation 14th generationFerdinand Eugen · Eugen Eberhard · Alexander Eugen · Ludwig Albrecht · Carl, Duke of Württemberg 15th generationFriedrich · Eberhard · Phillipp · Michael 16th generationWilhelm · Carl Theodor
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