Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1788–1857)


Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1788–1857)
Duke Eugen of Württemberg
Eugen of Württemberg, painting by George Dawe (Military Gallery of the Winter Palace)
Spouse Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Issue
Marie, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal
Duke Eugen
Duke William Alexander
Duke William
Duchess Alexandrine
Duke Nicholas
Agnes, Princess Reuss Younger Line
Full name
German: Friedrich Eugen Carl Paul Ludwig
House House of Württemberg
Father Duke Eugen of Württemberg
Mother Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
Born 8 January 1788(1788-01-08)
Oels, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 8 January 1857(1857-01-08) (aged 69)
Bad Carlsruhe, Kingdom of Prussia

Duke Eugen of Württemberg (German: Herzog Friedrich Eugen Carl Paul Ludwig von Württemberg; 8 January 1788 – 16 September 1857) was a German nobleman and a General of Infantry in the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars.

Contents

Early life and family

Duke Eugen was born at Oels, Lower Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (now Oleśnica, Poland) first child of Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1758–1822), (son of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, and Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt) and his wife, Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (1764–1834), (daughter of Prince Christian Karl of Stolberg-Gedern and Countess Eleanore Reuss of Lobenstein). His younger brother was the explorer Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg. His aunt was Empress Maria Feodorovna the consort of Paul I of Russia.

Since 1776 he lived in Russia. As a child, Eugen followed her aunt to the Tsar's court. After his cadet years in St. Petersburg, he began a brilliant career in the Imperial Russian Army. The murder of his uncle Paul I in 1802 interrupted the first military service. His further education took place in Silesia by Ludwig von Wolzogen.

Military career

After a few years his military career reactivated and by 1805 he was already major-general. He participated in the campaigns from 1806 to 1807 in East Prussia against France and 1810 in part of Turkey. He accompanied his father Eugen, who was commander of Prussian Reserve, in 1806. He joined staff of Russian General Bennigsen. In 1812, he was a division commander (4th div of II Corps) under Barclay de Tolly. During the French invasion of Russia he fought at the Battles of Borodino, Krasnoi. At the War of the Sixth Coalition he fought at the Battles of Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden, Kulm, and Leipzig, where he distinguished himself.[1]

In 1828, he commanded the Russian 7th Army Corps in the Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829). He retired after the Treaty of Adrianople.[2]

He was interested in music. He was acquainted with Carl Maria von Weber, who was his father's music director of 1806-1807. He also composed several operas, and many songs, including "The Ghost Bride".

Marriage and issue

On 21 January 1817, in Arolsen, he married Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1801–1825), daughter of George I, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and Princess Augusta of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. They had three children:

  • Duchess Marie of Württemberg (25 March 1818 – 10 April 1888), married in 1845 to Charles II, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal, had issue.
  • Duke Eugen of Württemberg (25 December 1820 – 8 January 1875), married in 1843 to Princess Mathilde of Schaumburg-Lippe, had issue.
  • Duke William Alexander of Württemberg (13 April 1825 – 15 April 1825)

On his first wife's death, Eugen married secondly in 1827 to Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1807–1880), daughter of Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Amalie of Solms-Baruth. They had four children

Ancestry

Notes and sources

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.



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