- Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1788–1857)
Duke Eugen of Württemberg Eugen of Württemberg, painting by George Dawe (Military Gallery of the Winter Palace) Spouse Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Issue Marie, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal
Duke William Alexander
Agnes, Princess Reuss Younger Line
Full name German: Friedrich Eugen Carl Paul Ludwig House House of Württemberg Father Duke Eugen of Württemberg Mother Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern Born 8 January 1788
Oels, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 8 January 1857(aged 69)
Bad Carlsruhe, Kingdom of Prussia
Duke Eugen of Württemberg (German: Herzog Friedrich Eugen Carl Paul Ludwig von Württemberg; 8 January 1788 – 16 September 1857) was a German nobleman and a General of Infantry in the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars.
Early life and family
Duke Eugen was born at Oels, Lower Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (now Oleśnica, Poland) first child of Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1758–1822), (son of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, and Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt) and his wife, Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (1764–1834), (daughter of Prince Christian Karl of Stolberg-Gedern and Countess Eleanore Reuss of Lobenstein). His younger brother was the explorer Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg. His aunt was Empress Maria Feodorovna the consort of Paul I of Russia.
Since 1776 he lived in Russia. As a child, Eugen followed her aunt to the Tsar's court. After his cadet years in St. Petersburg, he began a brilliant career in the Imperial Russian Army. The murder of his uncle Paul I in 1802 interrupted the first military service. His further education took place in Silesia by Ludwig von Wolzogen.
After a few years his military career reactivated and by 1805 he was already major-general. He participated in the campaigns from 1806 to 1807 in East Prussia against France and 1810 in part of Turkey. He accompanied his father Eugen, who was commander of Prussian Reserve, in 1806. He joined staff of Russian General Bennigsen. In 1812, he was a division commander (4th div of II Corps) under Barclay de Tolly. During the French invasion of Russia he fought at the Battles of Borodino, Krasnoi. At the War of the Sixth Coalition he fought at the Battles of Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden, Kulm, and Leipzig, where he distinguished himself.
He was interested in music. He was acquainted with Carl Maria von Weber, who was his father's music director of 1806-1807. He also composed several operas, and many songs, including "The Ghost Bride".
Marriage and issue
On 21 January 1817, in Arolsen, he married Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1801–1825), daughter of George I, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and Princess Augusta of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. They had three children:
- Duchess Marie of Württemberg (25 March 1818 – 10 April 1888), married in 1845 to Charles II, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal, had issue.
- Duke Eugen of Württemberg (25 December 1820 – 8 January 1875), married in 1843 to Princess Mathilde of Schaumburg-Lippe, had issue.
- Duke William Alexander of Württemberg (13 April 1825 – 15 April 1825)
On his first wife's death, Eugen married secondly in 1827 to Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1807–1880), daughter of Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Amalie of Solms-Baruth. They had four children
- Duke William of Württemberg (20 July 1828 – 5 November 1896)
- Duchess Alexandrine Mathilde of Württemberg (16 December 1829 – 2 September 1913)
- Duke Nicholas of Württemberg (1 March 1833 – 22 February 1903), married in 1868 his niece Duchess Wilhelmine of Württemberg, no issue.
- Duchess Agnes of Württemberg (13 October 1835 – 10 July 1886), married in 1858 to Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss Younger Line, had issue.
Ancestors of Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1788–1857) 16. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental 8. Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg 17. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach 4. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg 18. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis 9. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis 19. Princess Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska of Lobkowicz 2. Duke Eugen of Württemberg 20. Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt 10. Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt 21. Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau 5. Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt 22. Frederick William I of Prussia 11. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia 23. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover 1. Duke Eugen of Württemberg 24. Ludwig Christian, Count of Stolberg-Gedern 12. Friedrich Karl, Prince of of Stolberg-Gedern 25. Duchess Christine of Mecklenburg-Güstrow 6. Christian Karl, Prince of Stolberg-Gedern 26. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken 13. Countess Louise of Nassau-Saarbrücken 27. Countess Philippa Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 3. Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern 28. Count Heinrich XV Reuss of Lobenstein 14. Count Heinrich II Reuss of Lobenstein 29. Countess Ernestine Eleonore of Schönburg-Waldenburg 7. Countess Eleanore Reuss of Lobenstein 30. Count Konrad Ernst of Hochberg, Baron of Fürstenstein 15. Countess Juliana Dorothea Charlotte of Hochberg, Baroness of Fürstenstein 31. Baroness Agnes Helene of Flemming
Notes and sources
- ^ http://www.napoleonsims.com/people/people.htm
- ^ The Encyclopedia Americana: a library of universal knowledge, Volume 10, Encyclopedia Americana Corp., 1918
- Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Eugen, Herzog von Württemberg
- thePeerage.com - Eugen Herzog von Württemberg
- The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976 , Addington, A. C., Reference: page 222
- Topic: Duke Eugen von Württemberg (1788–1857) and his descendants
1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationEberhard · Louis III, Duke of Württemberg · Maximilian · Ulrich · John Frederick, Duke of Württemberg · Georg Frederick · Ludwig Frederick · Joachim Frederick · Julius Frederick · Philipp Frederick · Frederick Achilles, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt · Magnus · August 5th generation 6th generationJohn Frederick · Louis Frederick · Christian Eberhard · Eberhard · William Louis, Duke of Württemberg · Karl Christof · Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental · Karl Maximilian · George Frederick · Albrecht Christian · Louis · Joachim Ernst · Philipp Siegmund · Karl Ferdinand · John Frederick · Eberhard · Emanuel Eberhard · Frederick Augustus, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt · Ulrich · Eberhard · Albrecht · Ferdinand Willem, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt · Anton Ulrich · Christoph · Carl Rudolf, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation 12th generation 13th generation 14th generationFerdinand Eugen · Eugen Eberhard · Alexander Eugen · Ludwig Albrecht · Carl, Duke of Württemberg 15th generationFriedrich · Eberhard · Phillipp · Michael 16th generationWilhelm · Carl Theodor
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