Guyenne


Guyenne
The coat of arms used for Guyenne is the same as for Aquitaine.

Guyenne or Guienne play /ɡwˈjɛn/, French: Guyenne, pronounced: [gɥijɛn]; Occitan Guiana [ˈgjanɔ]) is a vaguely defined historic region of south-western France. The Province of Guyenne, sometimes called the Province of Guyenne and Gascony, was a large province of pre-revolutionary France.

The name Guyenne comes from the Occitan Guiana, which is itself a corruption of the word Aquitaine. However the words Aquitaine and Guyenne came to indicate different entities. The region of Guyenne also became confused with the region of Gascony until this took on a distinct identity in the 17th Century. From this time "Guyenne and Gascony" was a common term corresponding roughly to modern northern Aquitaine.

The Duchy of Guyenne appears for the first time in the Treaty of Paris of 1229 which brought an end to the Albigensian Crusade, and may have been actually created by that treaty. The capital was Bordeaux. The Duchy was under the Kings of England, as Guyenne had been since 1154, and remained an English vassal until 1453. In 1453 it became land directly under the French Crown, except from 1469-72 when it was granted to Charles de Valois (until his death).

In 1561, Guyenne was made a province, and included Bordelais, Bazadais, Limousin, Périgord, Quercy, Rouergue, Agenais, Saintonge, and Angoumois. The province was abolished with all French provinces at the time of the French Revolution.

Coordinates: 43°58′37″N 0°10′34″W / 43.977°N 0.176°W / 43.977; -0.176


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GUYENNE — Altération du mot Aquitaine qu’elle a remplacé au XIIIe siècle. Le traité de Paris de 1259 désigna ainsi tout le territoire qui, au sud ouest de la France, était tenu en fief par les Plantagenêt. Ce duché de Guyenne, successeur lointain de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guyenne —   [gɥi jɛn] die, seit dem 13. Jahrhundert Name für das (v. a. um Poitou) verkleinerte Herzogtum Aquitanien (französisch Aquitaine, daraus über »l Aguyenne« schließlich Name »la Guyenne«), das auch nach der Zerschlagung des Angevinischen Reiches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyenne —    Guyenne was a former province of France that was associated with Aquitaine until the 11th century. including the French possessions of the king of England, after the Treaty of Paris (1259), it comprised Limousin, Périgord, Quercy, Agenois, and …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Guyenne — Guyenne, Land, so v.w. Guienne …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — (Guienne, beides spr. gi enn ), ehemalige Provinz im Südwesten Frankreichs (vgl. die Geschichtskarte von Frankreich), umfaßte die Landschaften Bordelais mit Bazadais, ferner Agenais, Périgord, Quercy und Rouergue mit zusammen 40,925 qkm (743 QM.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — (Guienne, spr. giénn), früher eine Provinz in Südwestfrankreich, Teil des alten Aquitaniens, umfaßte das eigentliche G. mit der Hauptstadt Bordeaux, nebst Périgord, Agenois, Quercy und Rouergue, entsprechend den Dep. Gironde, Dordogne, Lot, Lot… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — (Güjenn), Provinz des alten Frankreichs, bei dem Verfall des Königthums im 10. Jahrh. ein eigenes Herzogthum (Aquitanien), kam durch die Erbtochter Eleonore 1152 an Heinrich II. von England, durch Eroberung 1451 an Frankreich zurück, bildet jetzt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — [gē en′, gwēen′] historical region of SW France, roughly corresponding to earlier Aquitaine …   English World dictionary

  • Guyenne — 43° 58′ 37″ N 0° 10′ 34″ W / 43.977, 0.176 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guyenne — /gwee yen /, n. Guienne. * * * or Guienne ancient Aquitania Historic region, southwestern France. The Guyenne region corresponds to the modern département of Gironde and to most of the départements of Lot et Garonne, Dordogne, Lot, and Aveyron.… …   Universalium


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.