Principality of Grubenhagen


Principality of Grubenhagen
Principality of Grubenhagen
Fürstentum Grubenhagen
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg
1291–1596 Wappenlueneburgerfuerstentum.jpg

Coat of arms

Capital Einbeck,
Herzberg from 1486
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Henry I the Admirable
    Duke of Brunswick
    Prince of Grubenhagen
1291
 - Joined
    Lower Saxon Circle
1500
 - Line extinct, annexed
    by Wolfenbüttel
1596
 - Ceded to Principality of Lüneburg 1617

The Principality of Grubenhagen was a subdivision of the Welf Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire. It is also known as Brunswick-Grubenhagen. Grubenhagen was located around the southwestern edge of the Harz, and included the towns of Osterode am Harz, Herzberg am Harz, Duderstadt, Einbeck and the eastern exclave of Elbingerode.

Herzberg Castle

Grubenhagen was split off from the Brunswick subdivision of the duchy in 1291; its first ruler was Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Henry's sons split the small principality further in 1322 as they themselves had numerous heirs; Prince Otto of Grubenhagen, son of Duke Henry II, in view of his small share left for Montferrat, married Queen Joan I of Naples in 1376 and became Prince of Taranto in 1383. The Principality of Grubenhagen was finally reunited in 1526 under the rule of Duke Philip I of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

When in 1596 the Grubenhagen branch became extinct, the territory was disputed by the different lines of the Brunswick-Lüneburg dynasty. Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel occupied Grubenhagen, his son Frederick Ulrich however had to cede it to Prince Christian of Lüneburg by a 1617 ruling of the Imperial Chamber Court (Reichskammergericht) at Speyer. With the Principality of Lüneburg, Grubenhagen was finally inherited by Prince Christian Louis of Calenberg in 1648. After his death in 1665 Grubenhagen ceased to exist as an independent principality. Formally, it remained a state of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806.

Coat of Arms of the Calenberg-Grubenhagen Landschaft, photographed on a house in Göttingen

A Calenberg-Grubenhagen Landschaft (administrative division) is still existing today.

Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princes of Grubenhagen

  • Henry I the Admirable 1291-1322
  • Henry II, son 1322-1351, jointly with his brothers
    • Ernest I 1322-1361
    • William 1322-1360
    • John I 1322-1325
  • Albert I, son of Ernest I 1361-1383, jointly with his brother John II
    • John II 1361-1364
  • Eric, son of Albert I 1383-1427
  • Henry III, son of Eric 1427-1464, jointly with his brothers Albert II and Ernest II
    • Albert II 1427-1485

Principality divided in 1479.

  • Henry IV, son of Henry III 1479-1526
    • Philip I, son of Albert II 1486-1551

Grubenhagen re-united in 1526.

  • Ernest III, son of Philip I 1551-1567
  • Wolfgang, brother 1567-1595
  • Philip II, brother 1595-1596

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Principality of Lüneburg — also: Brunswick Celle, Celle or Brunswick and Lüneburg Fürstentum Lüneburg also: Braunschweig und Lüneburg State of the Holy Roman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Principality of Calenberg — Fürstentum Calenberg State of the Holy Roman Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Grubenhagen — The Principality of Grubenhagen was a subdivision of the Duchy of Brunswick Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire. It is also known as Brunswick Grubenhagen. Grubenhagen was located around the southwestern edge of the Harz, and included the cities of …   Wikipedia

  • Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel — Fürstentum Braunschweig Wolfenbüttel State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806) ← …   Wikipedia

  • Principality of Göttingen — Fürstentum Göttingen State of the Holy Roman Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Herzogtum Braunschweig Lüneburg State of the Holy Roman Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Christian the Elder, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg, (1566–1633) was Prince of Lüneburg and Administrator of the Prince Bishopric of Minden. Life Christian was born on 9 November 1566, the second son of Duke William of Brunswick and Lunenburg… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Hanover — Königreich Hannover State of the German Confederation, until 1837 in personal union with the United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg — Henry (1267 – 7 September 1322, Salzderhelden), Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, called the Admirable (Latin Henricus Mirabilis ), was the first ruler of the Principality of Grubenhagen.The eldest son of Albert I, Duke of Brunswick Lüneburg, he first… …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:Harz Mountains — Portals → Geography → Germany → Lower Saxony → Harz Mountains  Shortcut: P:HZ Welcome! …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.