- Kingdom of Dublin
Kingdom of Dublin
Dyflin / Duibhlinn
← 839–1171 →
Norse settlements (green) in Ireland. Capital Dublin Language(s) Old Norse,
Old and Middle Irish
Religion Norse paganism
Government Monarchy King - 839–845 (first) Thorgest - 1160–1171 (last) Hasculf Thorgillsson History - Established 839 - Disestablished 1171
The Vikings invaded the territory around Dublin in the 9th century, establishing the Norse Kingdom of Dublin, the earliest and longest lasting Norse kingdom in all of Europe outside of Scandinavia, excepting the so-called Kingdom of Mann and the Isles. This corresponded to most of present-day County Dublin. The Norse referred to the kingdom as Dyflin, which is derived from Irish: Dubh Linn meaning "black pool". The first reference to the Vikings comes from the Annals of Ulster and the first entry for 841AD reads: "Pagans still on Lough Neagh". It is from this date onwards that we get references to ship fortresses or longphorts being established in Ireland. It may be safe to assume that the Vikings first over-wintered in 840–841AD. The actual location of the longphort of Dublin is still a hotly-debated issue. Norse rulers of Dublin were often co-kings, and occasionally also Kings of Jórvík in what is now Yorkshire.
In 988, Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill led the initial Irish conquest of Dublin. As a result the founding of Dublin is counted by some from the year 988, notwithstanding that a village has existed on the site of Dublin since before the Roman occupation of Great Britain nearly a thousand years earlier. Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill was dethroned by Brian Boru (1002–1014).
In the mid 11th century, the Kingdom of Leinster began exerting influence over Dublin, but its kings remained Norse-Gaels until the Norman invasion of 1171. Though the last Norse king of Dublin was killed by the Normans in 1171, the population of the city retained their distinctiveness based on their origins for some further generations.
Ruler Reign Notes Amlaíb Conung 853–873 brother of Ímar and Auisle Ímar 856–873 Auisle 853–867 Eystein Olafsson 873–875 Halfdan 873/875–877 Barid 875/877–881 Mac Auisle 881–883 Eoloir Jarnknesson unclear Sichfrith Ivarsson c. 883–888 Sigtrygg (Sitric) Ivarsson 888–893 Sichfrith Jarl 893–894 Ímar ua Ímair 896–902 Dublin abandoned by the Norse from 902 to 917. Sihtric ua Ímair (a.k.a. Sihtric Cáech) 917–921 defeated Niall Glundub; also king of Jórvík Gofraid ua Ímair 921–934 grandson of Ímar Olaf III Guthfrithson 934–940 son of Gofraid ua Ímair Blácaire mac Gofrith 940 - 945 Sigtrygg (Sitric) 941–943 Amlaíb Cuarán 945 - 947 Blácaire mac Gofrith 947 - 948 restored Gofraid mac Sitriuc 948 - 951 Amlaíb Cuarán 952–980 restored Glúniairn 980–989 Ivar of Waterford or Sigtrygg Silkbeard 989–993 Ivar of Waterford 994–995 Sigtrygg (Sitric) Silkbeard Olafsson 995–1036 Echmarcach mac Ragnaill 1036–1038 Ímar mac Arailt 1038–1046 Echmarcach mac Ragnaill 1046–1052 Murchad mac Diarmata mac Mael na mBo 1052–1070 Diarmait mac Mail na mBo 1070–1072 Domnall mac Murchada mac Diarmata 1070–1072 Gofraid mac Amlaíb meic Ragnaill 1072–1075 Muirchertach Ua Briain 1075–1086 Enna mac Diarmata mac Mael na mBo 1086–1089 Donnchad mac Domnail Remair mac Mael na mBo 1086–1089 Godred Crovan after1091–1094 Domnall mac Taidc Ua Briain c.1094–11?? Donnchad mac Murchada mac Diarmata ????–1115 Diarmat mac Enna 1115–1117 Enna mac Donnchada mac Murchada 1118–1126 Conchobair mac Tiorrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1126–1127 Torcall fl.1133 Conchobair Ua Briain 1141–1142 Ottir 1142–1148 from the Hebrides Ragnall mac Torcaill 11??–1146 Brotar mac Torcaill 1148–1160 Ascall mac Ragnaill 1160–1171
(N.B. "Sitric" is the Irish variant of Norwegian "Sigtrygg")
- Downham, Clare, Viking Kings of Britain and Ireland: The Dynasty of Ívarr to A.D. 1014. Edinburgh. 2007.
- Forte, Angelo, Oram, Richard, & Pedersen, Frederik, Viking Empires. Cambridge University Press. 2005 ISBN 0-521-82992-5.
- Hudson, Benjamin T., Viking Pirates and Christian Princes: Dynasty, Religion, and Empire in the North Atlantic. Oxford. 2005 ISBN 0-19-516237-4.
- Larsen, Anne-Christine (ed.), The Vikings in Ireland. Roskilde: The Viking Ship Museum. 2001.
- Todd, James Henthorn (ed. and tr.), Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh: The War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill. Longmans. 1867.
- Woolf, Alex, "Age of Sea-Kings: 900-1300", in Donald Omand (ed.), The Argyll Book. Edinburgh. 2004. pp. 94–109.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dublin — This article is about the capital of Ireland. For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). Dublin Baile Átha Cliath Clockwise from top: Samuel Beckett Bridge, Trinity College … Wikipedia
Kingdom of the Isles — Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles in the twelfth century The Kingdom of the Isles comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man from the 9th to the 13th centuries AD. The islands were known to the Norse … Wikipedia
Dublin Airport — Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath IATA: DUB – ICAO: EIDW … Wikipedia
Dublin (European Parliament constituency) — Dublin European Parliament constituency … Wikipedia
Dublin Pembroke (UK Parliament constituency) — Dublin Pembroke Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1918 (1918)–1922 (1922) … Wikipedia
Dublin and Monaghan bombings — Part of The Troubles Cleanup underway at the site of the second car bomb on Talbot Street, Dublin … Wikipedia
Dublin City (UK Parliament constituency) — Dublin City Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1801 (1801)–1885 (1885) … Wikipedia
Dublin St James's (UK Parliament constituency) — Dublin St James s Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1918 (1918)–1922 (1922) … Wikipedia
Dublin St Michan's (UK Parliament constituency) — Dublin St Michan s Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1918 (1918)–1922 (1922) … Wikipedia
Dublin College Green (UK Parliament constituency) — Dublin College Green Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1885 (1885)–1922 (1922) … Wikipedia