- Jabal al-Druze (state)
Mandate of France ← 1921–1936 → Capital As-Suwayda Language(s) Arabic, French Religion Druze Political structure League of Nations Mandate Governor - 1921-1923 Amir Salim Basha al-Atrash - 1925-1936 Tarit Historical era Interwar period - Established 1921 - Named State of Souaida March 4, 1922 - Named Jabal al-Druze 1927 - Disestablished 1936
Jabal al-Druze (Arabic: جبل الدروز) was an autonomous state in the French Mandate of Syria from 1921 to 1936, designed to function as a government for the local Druze population under French oversight.
On March 4, 1922 it was proclaimed as the State of Souaida, after the capital As-Suwayda, but in 1927 it was renamed Jabal al-Druze or Jabal Druze State. The name comes from the Jabal al-Druze mountain.
The Druze state was formed on May 1, 1921 in former Ottoman territory, while other statelets were installed in other parts of the Syrian mandate (e.g. the Alawite State in the Lattakia region). Jabal al-Druze was home to about 50,000 Arab Druze. It was the first, and remains the only, autonomous entity to be populated and governed by Arab Druze. The 1925 Syrian Revolution began in Jabal al-Druze under the leadership of Sultan al-Atrash, and quickly spread to Damascus and other non-Druze areas outside the Jabal al-Druze region. Protests against the division of Syrian territory into statelets were a main theme of Syrian anticolonial nationalism, which eventually won the victory to reunite the entire French-mandated territory, except Lebanon (which had become independent) and Alexandretta, which was annexed to Turkey as the Hatay Province. As a result of nationalist pressure, under the Franco-Syrian Treaty of 1936, Jabal al-Druze ceased to exist as an autonomous entity and was incorporated into Syria.
- Amir Salim Pasha al-Atrash (May 1, 1921 - September 15, 1923)
- Trenga (provisional) (September 1923 - March 6, 1924)
- Gabriel Marie Victor Carbillet (March 6, 1924 - October 14, 1925), provisional to October 1, 1924
- Sultan Pasha al-Atrash (July 18, 1925 - June 1, 1927), chief of state; in dissidence
- Charles Andréa (October 15, 1925–1927)
- Marie Joseph Léon Augustin Henry (1927)
- Abel Jean Ernest Clément-Grancourt (1927–1932)
- Renaud Massiet (February 3, 1932 - January 28, 1934)
- Devicq (1934–1935)
- Tarit (1935 - December 2, 1936)
- French Mandate of Syria
- Alawite State
- List of French possessions and colonies
- French colonial empire
- French colonial flags
French Mandate of Syria topics States Conflicts Treaties Influential
French overseas empire Former Former French colonies in Africa and the Indian Ocean Maghreb French West Africa French Equatorial Africa Comoros Former French colonies in the Americas French West India Company Former French colonies in Asia and Oceania French India French Indochina French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon Other Asian Oceania France-Asia relations · French East India Company Present Overseas departments and territories of France Inhabited areasSpecial status Uninhabited areas Pacific Ocean French Southern and
1 Also known as overseas regions. 2 Claimed by Comoros. 3 Claimed by Madagascar. 4 Claimed by Seychelles. 5 Claimed by Mauritius.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jabal ad-Druze (state) — Infobox Former Country native name = جبل الدروز conventional long name = Jabal ad Druze common name = Jabal ad Druze continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = the Middle East country = Syria era = Interwar period status =… … Wikipedia
Jabal al-Druze — (Arabic: جبل الدروز, Mountain of the Druze), also known as Jabal al Arab (Arabic: جبل العرب, Mountain of the Arabs) is an elevated volcanic region in southern Syria, in the As Suwayda Governorate. Most of the inhabitants of this region are arab… … Wikipedia
Jabal ad-Duruz — ( ar. جبل الدروز), also known as Jabal al Arab (Arabic: جبل العرب) is an elevated volcanic region in southern Syria, in the As Suwayda Governorate. In the winter, snow falls, which is atypical for this region. Most of the inhabitants of this… … Wikipedia
State of Aleppo — Infobox Former Country native name = دولة حلب conventional long name = State of Aleppo / État d Alep common name = Aleppo| continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = Middle East country = Syria era = Interwar period status … Wikipedia
State of Damascus — Infobox Former Country native name = دولة دمشق conventional long name = State of Damascus / État de Damas common name = Aleppo| continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = Middle East country = Syria era = Interwar period… … Wikipedia
Druze — For other uses, see Druse (disambiguation). Druze دروز Druze star Total population 1,000,000 to 2,500,000 Regions with significant populations … Wikipedia
Alawite State — Infobox Former Country native name = دولة العلويين conventional long name = State of Alawites / État des Alaouites common name = Alawite continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = Middle East country = Syria era = Interwar… … Wikipedia
Greater Lebanon — State of Greater Lebanon État du Grand Liban Mandate of French Third Republic ← … Wikipedia
French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon — Mandat français en Syrie et au Liban Mandate of France ← … Wikipedia
List of modern conflicts in the Middle East — Middle East Countries (2011) Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, *Gaza Strip, Iran, Iraq, *Iraqi Kurdistan, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait … Wikipedia