Gaffer tape

Gaffer tape

Gaffer tape, sometimes shortened to gaff tape (especially by theater and photographic professionals), or made possessive, as "gaffer's tape", is a strong, cotton cloth pressure sensitive tape. It is an essential, all-purpose tool on theater, film and television productions as well as live performances and any other kind of stage work. [Citation | title = Cool Tool: Gaffer's Tape | url = http://www.kk.org/cooltools/archives/000163.php | accessdate = 2007-10-29 ] Gaffer's tape is often referred to as a production expendable because it is discarded after the production process is complete.

The most common use for gaffer tape is securing cables to the stage floor or other surface, either for safety or to keep them out of view of the audience or camera. Camera assistants use short strips of different colors to lay blocking markers for actors. Similarly, a narrow version of gaffer tape, called spike tape, is used in theatre productions for floor layout. It is also used whenever a quick ad-hoc fix is required, from temporarily attaching fixtures or props, to salvaging a broken piece of production equipment. In the absence of console tape or artist tape, live sound engineers may use a strip of white gaffer tape along the bottom of a mixing board, to label the channels used for a particular show.A slightly less common use for gaffer tape, but equally important, is that of a drummer. Gaffer tape is frequently used to stop a drum kit shifting away from him or her whilst playing on stage or in the studio. A notable occurance of this was when Buddy Rich was playing on a live TV show, and his kick drum fell off the stage.Also, if a drum head gets punctured or severely disformed during live play, gaffer tape can be applied to salvage the drum until the end of the set.

It is also widely used by audio-visual departments in hotels and conference centers for holding down wires to podiums and stages. It can also be used as a waterproof packaging tape and some grades even meet packaging certification standards such as ASTM D5486.

The tape is manufactured in many colors, including fluorescent and custom colors, but the most common variety is matte black or dull grey. A matte finish keeps the tape from reflecting light so the tape blends in with the typical stage floor of a theatre. [Citation | title = gaffers tape from permacel and pro gaffer | url = http://www.thetapeworks.com/gaffer.htm | accessdate = 2007-10-29 ] It is easily torn by hand so no cutting tools are necessary. The adhesive used is a high quality synthetic rubber which leaves little or no residue when removed. It usually comes in 2"-wide rolls, and the cloth composition allows a consistent tear, which means it easily tears into two 1" strips, if needed. [Citation | title = Gaffers Tape - Goodbuyguys.com | url = http://www.goodbuyguys.com/catalog/index.php/cPath/22_86 | accessdate = 2007-10-29 ]

It is likely named for the gaffer, the head of the lighting department on a film crew. When cables are taped down on a stage or other surface, either for safety or to keep them out of view of the audience or camera, [Citation | title = Church of the Holy Gaffer Tape - Top Tips for Gaffer Tape | url = http://www.exposure.co.uk/eejit/gaffer/index.html | accessdate = 2007-10-29 ] they are said to be "gaffed" or "gaffered". It is very good in theatre sound and lighting. It has a strong hold but can be a bit 'sticky' if left on for too long

References

See also

*Duct tape
*Best boy
*Dolly grip
*Theatrical technician

External links

*


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См. также в других словарях:

  • gaffer tape — noun A type of strong adhesive tape • • • Main Entry: ↑gaffer * * * ˈgaffer tape 7 [gaffer tape] noun uncountable ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gaffer-Tape — Klebeband ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für ein oder beidseitig mit Haftklebstoffen beschichtete, streifenförmige Trägermaterialien, z. B. aus Kunststofffolien bzw. schäumen, Papier, Metallfolien oder Textilgewebe. In der industriellen Fertigung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaffer Tape — Klebeband ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für ein oder beidseitig mit Haftklebstoffen beschichtete, streifenförmige Trägermaterialien, z. B. aus Kunststofffolien bzw. schäumen, Papier, Metallfolien oder Textilgewebe. In der industriellen Fertigung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gaffer tape — /ˈgæfə teɪp/ (say gafuh tayp) noun a strong adhesive cloth tape for electrical and other purposes. {gaffer (def. 4) + tape} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Gaffer tape — PP A strong cotton based tape similar to duct tape …   Audio and video glossary

  • gaffer tape — noun A sturdy adhesive tape, made of plastic reinforced with cross linked fibre, often used by lighting electricians …   Wiktionary

  • gaffer tape — noun strong cloth backed waterproof adhesive tape …   English new terms dictionary

  • Gaffer — or Gaffa may refer to: * Gaffer (boss), a British colloquial term for boss or old man * Gaffer (motion picture industry), the head of the electrical department * Gaffer tape, a type of adhesive tape * Gaffer, character in the Muppets * Gaffa… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaffer (filmmaking) — A gaffer in the motion picture industry is the head of the electrical department, responsible for the execution (and sometimes the design) of the lighting plan for a production. In British English the term gaffer is long established as meaning an …   Wikipedia

  • Gaffer — Pour une définition du mot « gaffer », voir l’article gaffer du Wiktionnaire. Gaffer (Gaffa) ruban adhésif Le gaffer e …   Wikipédia en Français


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