- Stephen Dragutin of Serbia
Stephen Dragutin, fresco from St. Achilleos church near Arilje, detail, 1296 King of Serbia Reign 1276–1282 Predecessor Stephen Uroš I Successor Stephen Uroš II Milutin Spouse Catherine of Hungary Issue Stephen Vladislav II of Syrmia
Elizabeth, Banness of Bosnia
House House of Nemanjić Father Stephen Uroš I of Serbia Mother Helen of Anjou Died March 12, 1316 Burial Đurđevi Stupovi Religion Christian
Stephen Dragutin (Serbian: Стефан Драгутин, Stefan Dragutin; died March 12, 1316) was a 13th and 14th-century Serb monarch, the King of Serbia from 1276 to 1282 and King of Syrmia (Srem) from 1282 to 1316.
He ruled Serbia until his abdication in 1282, when he became ill. He continued to rule the royal domains of Syrmia as King of Syrmia, and his younger brother succeeded him as ruler of Serbia.
Dragutin was the eldest son of king Stephen Uroš I of Serbia by Helen of Anjou. He married Catherine, daughter of Hungarian king Stephen V. He was the leading Hungarophile in Serbian politics, and because of this he came in conflict with his father, from whom he then usurped the throne in 1276 with help of Hungary, after a clash with his forces at Battle of Gacko. He began to attack the Byzantine Empire but had no success.
In 1282 he broke his leg while hunting and became ill; he passed the throne to his younger brother Stefan Milutin at the council at Deževo 1282, while keeping for himself some northern parts of the country. Since his son Vladislav married the relative of a Hungarian king, Dragutin in 1284 gained from Ladislaus IV areas of Mačva with Belgrade, and the Bosnian areas Soli and Usora, which he ruled until 1316, establishing family relations with Bosnian ban Stephen I Kotromanić. His new state was named Kingdom of Srem. The first capital of his state was Debrc (between Belgrade and Šabac), and later he moved his residence to Belgrade. He is the first of the Serb rulers who ruled from the capital of Belgrade.
In that time the name Srem was designation for two territories: Upper Srem (present day Srem) and Lower Srem (present day Mačva). Kingdom of Srem under the rule of Stefan Dragutin was actually Lower Srem. Some historical sources mention that Stefan Dragutin also ruled over Upper Srem and Slavonija, but the other sources mention another local ruler who ruled over Upper Srem. The name of this ruler was Ugrin Csák.
Near the end of the 13th century Stefan Dragutin expanded his territory, adding Braničevo[disambiguation needed ] and Kučevo. He came into conflict with his brother Milutin when Milutin wanted to create stronger political ties with the Byzantine Empire and obviously did not intend to give the throne to Dragutin's son Vladislav as agreed. Conflict between the brothers was calmed by the clergy in 1313. Near the end of his life he separated from his Hungarian friends and strengthened his connections in Serbia. He later became a monk and changed his name to Teoktist. He died in 1316 and was buried in the Đurđevi Stupovi monastery near Novi Pazar. After Dragutin died, his son Stefan Vladislav II became the new ruler of the Kingdom of Srem.
His legacy includes some splendid monasteries, most notable among them: monastery Mala Remeta on Fruška Gora, dedicated to the Shroud of the Mother of God; St. Achillios church near Arilje (1296); and a monastery Đurđevi stupovi with St. George church in Ras (now Novi Pazar), where he was buried.
- Stefan Vladislav II, king of Srem (1316–1325).
- Elizabeth of Serbia, married in 1284 to Stephen I, Ban of Bosnia, becoming mother of Stephen II, Ban of Bosnia.
- Urošic (Урошиц), died as a monk.
See alsoStephen Dragutin of SerbiaDied: 12 March 1316
Regnal titles Preceded by
Stefan Uroš I
King of Serbia
Stefan Uroš II Milutin
King of Syrmia
Stefan Vladislav II
- John V.A. Fine, Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, Ann Arbor, 1987.
- Miomir Filipović - Fića, Tri cara i trideset i jedan kralj srpskog naroda, Čikago, 1992.
- Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Novi Sad, 2004.
- Small encyclopedia "Sveznanje" published by "Narodno delo", Belgrade, in 1937 which is today in public domain. This article is written from the point of view of that place and time and may not reflect modern opinions or recent discoveries.
- Age, marriage and progeny information from The genealogy and coats of arms of Serbian dynasties and feudals (Родословне таблице и грбови српских династија и властеле); editors Aleksa Ivić (1928), Dušan Spasić, Aleksandar Palavestra and Dušan Mrđenović (1987); Bata, Belgrade, ISBN 86-7685-007-0 (1928), ISBN 86-7335-050-6 (1987) (in Serbian language).
- Map of Dragutin's realm
- Map of Dragutin's realm
- Map of Dragutin's realm
- Map of Dragutin's realm
- Map of Dragutin's realm (from book "Hrvatska povijest u 25 karata", written by Stjepan Srkulj and Josip Lučić)
House of Nemanjić Main ruling members Other ruling members Archbishops Minor membersVratislav Nemanjić · Vratko Nemanjić · Urošica · Dmitar Nemanjić · Stefan Vukanović · Radoslav Hlapenx · Vojihnax · Balša Ix Female members Consorts Monarchs of Serbia 1st Serbian Principality 641–969 2nd Serbian Principality
998–1101 Serbian Grand Principality1101–1217 Serbian Kingdom1217–1346 Serbian Empire1346–1371Stefan Uroš IV Dušan · Stefan Uroš V · Fall of the Serbian Empire Serbian Lordship and Despotate1371–1537 Revolutionary Serbia1804–1837 Principality of Serbia1837–1882 Kingdom of Serbia1882–1918
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