- Alejandro (song)
"Alejandro" Single by Lady Gaga from the album The Fame Monster Released April 20, 2010 Format CD single, digital download, 7" Recorded FC Walvisch, Amsterdam Genre Europop, synthpop Length 4:34 Label Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope Writer(s) Stefani Germanotta, Nadir Khayat Producer RedOne Lady Gaga singles chronology "Telephone"
"Dance in the Dark"
"Alejandro" is a song by American recording artist Lady Gaga. It was released as the third single from her third extended play (EP) and second major release The Fame Monster (2009). Co-written and produced by RedOne and inspired by her "Fear of Sex Monster", the lyrics portray Gaga bidding farewell to her lovers.
Musically, it is composed as a mid-tempo Europop song with an uplifting melody. Contemporary critics predominantly gave positive reviews for it and noted its heavy influence from pop groups like ABBA and Ace of Base. The song charted in the United Kingdom and Hungary due to digital sales following the album's release. Upon release, "Alejandro" charted again in the United Kingdom as well as in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Sweden, and the United States while topping the Finnish, Polish, Russian, Bulgarian and Romanian charts. "Alejandro" became Gaga's seventh successive single to reach the top-ten of the US Billboard Hot 100.
The accompanying music video was directed by fashion photographer Steven Klein and inspired by Gaga's love for her gay friends and admiration of gay love. Within the video, Gaga dances with a group of soldiers in a cabaret which is interspersed with scenes of Gaga as a nun swallowing a rosary and near-naked men holding machine guns. Controversial, the music video received mixed to positive reviews. Critics complimented its idea and dark nature while the Catholic League criticized Gaga for appearing to use blasphemy despite Klein dismissing the idea and claiming that the scene in question (the swallowing of Rosary beads) was Gaga's "desire to take in the Holy". Gaga performed on the ninth season of American Idol and has performed on all dates of The Monster Ball Tour.
- 1 Background
- 2 Composition
- 3 Critical reception
- 4 Chart performance
- 5 Music video
- 6 Live performances
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Credits and personnel
- 9 Charts and certifications
- 10 Radio add and release history
- 11 References
- 12 External links
"Alejandro" is written by Lady Gaga and RedOne, while the latter produced the song. It was recorded at FC Walvisch Studios in Amsterdam. Originally, "Dance in the Dark" was planned to be released as the third single from The Fame Monster, as a preference of Gaga's record label. The singer's own choice, "Alejandro", initially saw poor reception in terms of radio play, thereby was not seen as a viable choice for a single. A quarrel then arose between Gaga and her label where "Alejandro" was ultimately chosen to be released. Through her account on Twitter, the singer remarked on the decision, "Alejandro is on the radio. Fuck it sounds so good, we did it little monsters." The single was officially sent to radio on April 20, 2010 in the United States. In an interview with Fuse TV, Gaga said that the inspiration behind "Alejandro" was her "Fear of Sex Monster".
"Alejandro" is credited as a synthpop song with Europop influences, and is influenced by ABBA and Ace of Base. The Ace of Base influences are prominent in the beats of the song, the vocals and the melody. The words are slurred in her mouth while consisting of an uplifting melody. It incorporates the melody from the violin show piece "Csárdás" by Italian composer Vittorio Monti.
The song opens with the weeping violin, as a distressed Gaga (speaking in a French accent) states: "I know that we are young, and I know that you may love me/But I just can't be with you like this anymore, Alejandro." The track then changes to a stomping Europop beat. Gaga bids her ex-lovers farewell with a bitter-heart pre-chorus where she sings: "You know that I love you, boy/Hot like Mexico, rejoice!/At this point I've got to choose/Nothing to lose." By the end of the song, the three protagonists – Alejandro, Fernando and Roberto – are bid farewell by Gaga.
According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, the song is set in the time signature of common time, with a moderate tempo of 99 beats per minute. It is composed in the key of B minor with Gaga's vocal range spanning from F♯3 to G5. The song has a basic sequence of Bm–D–F♯m as its chord progression. The lyrics talk about Gaga defending herself against a harem of Latin men and has a number of ABBA allusions, including a reference to their 1976 song "Fernando", which Gaga cited as one of her influences.
Chris Ryan from MTV described the song as a "lush paean to a love that's 'hot like Mexico'." Bill Lamb from About.com compared it with Madonna's 1987 "classic" song "La Isla Bonita", though with a "contemporary edge." In a separate review, Lamb added that "While 'Alejandro' would be unlikely to be identified as Lady Gaga's best, it is one more solid jewel in her crown of seven consecutive major pop hit singles." Evan Sawdey from PopMatters said that Gaga's vocals sounded like those of Shakira's, in the chorus of the song. Ben Patashnik from NME called the song light-hearted. Michael Hubbard of MusicOMH complimented the song as "brilliantly catchy, deceptively simple and wonderfully melancholy," while Sarah Hajibagheri from The Times dismissed it for being a "painful Latino warble [and] a would-be Eurovision reject." The Boston Globe's James Reed also gave a negative review of the song, writing that it is "a tepid dance track in which she trills the song's title over and over again as if she had nothing better to say."
Comparisons with Swedish pop music groups ABBA and Ace of Base's work were constant in reviews. Paul Lester from BBC felt that "[Alejandro] moves at an Ace of Base pace." Lindsey Fortier from Billboard compared it to Ace of Base's "Don't Turn Around" and ABBA's "Fernando", adding that: "By the song's end, Alejandro, Fernando and Roberto aren't the only ones sent packing—the listener is dancing out right behind them". Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine also made an Ace of Base connection calling the song a homage to them. Stephen Thomas Erlewine from Allmusic denoted the song as an "updated ABBA revision". Mikael Wood of Los Angeles Times called it bubbly and also went to compare with ABBA's style. Jon Dolan from Rolling Stone called it a "loving ABBA spoof". Scott Plagenhoef of Pitchfork Media noted that although "Alejandro" is an ABBA morph, "it comes off very modern, in part because U.S. pop and hip-hop is currently drawing heavily from Europop, hi-NRG, and dance music." Brian R. Fitzgerland from the The Wall Street Journal compared the song with Madonna's 1987 single "Who's That Girl". Robert Copsey of Digital Spy gave the song five out of five stars and compared it to Madonna's song "La Isla Bonita" and Ace Of Base songs, but felt that Gaga added "her own twist to hers". He also praised the song's melodies describing them as "deceptively catchy" and the lyrics as "wistful".
The song won Best Pop Dance Track at the Annual International Dance Music Award, the major event held during the Winter Music Conference 2011.
In the United States, "Alejandro" debuted at number 72 on the Billboard Hot 100 for the issue dated April 17, 2010. It reached number five on the chart, becoming Gaga's seventh consecutive top ten hit in the United States. Gaga became the second female artist to have her first seven singles reach top-ten in the United States, since R&B singer Monica did so in 1995–99. The song also debuted on the Mainstream Top 40 chart at number 35, and the Hot Digital Songs chart at number 71, after selling 24,000 paid digital downloads according to Nielsen Soundscan. "Alejandro" peaked at number four on the Mainstream Top 40 chart, becoming the first single by her not to reach the number one position there. It also debuted on the Hot Dance Club Songs chart at 40 and reached the top on the issue dated July 7, 2010. The song has sold over 2,285,000 paid digital downloads in the United States to date according to Nielsen Soundscan, making Gaga the only artist in digital history to amass seven consecutive 2 million sellers as a lead act. In Canada, "Alejandro" debuted at number 78 on the Canadian Hot 100 issue dated April 4, 2010, and moved to number 50 the next week. The song reached a peak of number four, on the issue dated May 8, 2010.
On April 5, 2010, "Alejandro" debuted at number 49 in Australia on the official ARIA Singles Chart, and moved to number 28 the next week. It ultimately peaked at number two, thus becoming Gaga's seventh top five hit in the country. "Alejandro" was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipment of 70,000 copies of the single. The song debuted at number 35 on the New Zealand Top 40 on April 19, 2010. It has peaked at number 11.
With the release of The Fame Monster, "Alejandro" charted on the UK Singles Chart at number 75, on November 29, 2009, due to digital sales. On the May 16, 2010, chart, the song re-entered at number 95 and peaked at seven. On the Mahasz issue dated December 6, 2009, the song debuted at number five on the Hungarian Singles Chart. Across Europe, the song reached the top five in Austria, the Ultratop charts of Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia), Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Sweden and Switzerland, while topping the charts in Finland, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania and Russia.
Development and release
In January 2010, it was reported that Gaga was holding casting calls for the music video of "Alejandro" and was eager for David Walliams to appear in the video alongside his wife Lara Stone. On March 23, 2010, Women's Wear Daily reported that photographer Steven Klein would be directing the music video, which Gaga confirmed herself in an interview. While touring Australia with The Monster Ball Tour, Gaga was interviewed by Australian radio station, Melbourne's Nova 100, where she talked about the music video. She said,
"I’m so excited about the ‘Alejandro’ video, [...] Actually, we’re shooting it very soon and I don’t want to say who the director is yet because it’s going to give a lot away. [...] Are you absolutely mad? I would never, ever tell you [about the concept of the video]! I would be more likely to lie through my teeth to you [regarding] what the video’s about so that you could all be surprised. But I will tell you it’s not the sequel to the ‘Telephone’ video."
After confirming that Klein was directing her video, Gaga explained that she "doesn't know what [the video is] going to look like until it's finished", and commented that "[Steven Klein is] a very good friend of mine and I love him so much, [...] I have so much respect for him. And we've been excited to collaborate and have a fashion photographer tell us a story, the story of my music through his lens and this idea of fashion and lifestyle." Gaga explained that Klein understood her "I am what I wear" lifestyle, making him a suitable director for the video. She added, "It's all about where I'm from and love of theater and love of music and love of the lie in art, and Steven really knows and understands that, [....] So we're making a beautiful video, and I'm so excited." In May 2010, Gaga told The Times about the concept of the video: "[It's about the] purity of my friendships with my gay friends, and how I've been unable to find that with a straight man in my life. It's a celebration and an admiration of gay love—it confesses my envy of the courage and bravery they require to be together. In the video I'm pining for the love of my gay friends—but they just don't want me to be with them."
A snippet of the video was shown on Larry King Live on June 1, 2010. The clip was from the portion of the video in black-and-white, where Gaga and her dancers perform variations on a sharp military march throughout. Kara Warner of MTV said that it seemed reminiscent of Madonna's "Vogue" video and Christina Aguilera's "Not Myself Tonight", but stated that in "Alejandro", Gaga's style was more cutting, masculine and militant in contrast to Madonna's. Because of the video's military theme, comparisons were also made to Janet Jackson's "Rhythm Nation". On the program, Gaga said to King that the video has a "homoerotic military theme" [...] "It is a celebration of my love and appreciation for the gay community, my admiration of their bravery, their love for one another and their courage in their relationships." The video premiered on Gaga's official website and her YouTube/Vevo account on June 8, 2010, at noon EDT (8 June 2010, 16:00 UTC).
A portion of the video is dedicated to the Broadway musical Cabaret. The video begins with Nazi German soldiers sleeping in a cabaret with a close-up of a soldier passed out in fishnet stockings and heels as another lone soldier stares into the distance. The scene then cuts to male dancers performing elaborate choreography while marching forward with a Star of David. As the intro of the song begins, Gaga is shown leading a funeral procession, carrying the Sacred Heart on a pillow. When the lyrics begin, she sits on a throne wearing an elaborate headpiece and binocular-like eyepieces, with a smoking pipe in her hand, watching her dancers perform a rigorous routine in the snow. Gaga is then seen as the character Sally Bowles from Cabaret, dancing and simulating sex acts with three men on a stage with twin beds surrounded by spotlights, all wearing nothing but underwear, intercut with shots of Gaga lying on a larger bed dressed in a red latex nun outfit. She subsequently appears dressed in a white hooded robe, reminiscent of Joan of Arc, with her dancers, interspersed with a shot of her as the nun, consuming a set of rosary beads. After this, Gaga and her dancers are shown in a sequence in black-and-white in their military uniforms performing a tribute dedicated to the late choreographer Bob Fosse, who won an Academy Award for his direction of the film version of Cabaret. Gaga is seen in a blonde bob and a similar outfit to one of Liza Minnelli's performance costumes. The video moves to a scene of her wearing a bra equipped with AR-15 assault rifle barrels and her dancers performing another dance routine. She is then shown in the empty club, scenes of war breaking out flash by, and the lone soldier appears again. Going back to the Joan of Arc scene, she struggles with her dancers and disrobes. The video ends with her dressed as the nun, the film burning away from her face outwards. Klein explained that the video was, "about a woman's desire to resurrect a dead love and who can not face the brutality of her present situation. The pain of living without your true love."
James Montgomery from MTV commented that "Gaga has created a world that, while oppressive, also looks great." In a separate piece Montgomery added that "... she may have finally reached the point in her career where not even she can top herself." Critic Monica Herrera viewed the video as a hybrid of Madonna's "Like a Prayer" and Janet Jackson's "Rhythm Nation". She explained, "[Alejandro] courts religious controversy in much the same way that Madonna's 'Like a "Prayer' video once did, intermingling Catholic imagery like rosary beads and nun's robes with sexual cues." MTV's Kyle Anderson found references to Madonna's 1996 film Evita and the music videos for her songs "Like a Prayer", "Human Nature" and "Vogue". Anthony Benigno from Daily News felt that "the shock songstress' new music video [...] is chock full of bed-ridden S&M imagery that makes it look like the softcore answer to The Matrix. Randall Roberts from Los Angeles Times said "the clip reinforces the notion that no one understands the convergence of image and music right now better than Gaga." Jed Gottlieb from the Boston Herald said that "The plot [of the video] is hard to decipher, but it’s clearly not a story that ends happily ever after." Devon Thomas from CBS News compared the video to Madonna's early Blond Ambition World Tour era by saying that "[this video] is a visual love letter to [Madonna]". Jen Dose from National Post commented "Gaga’s new vid for 'Alejandro' certainly brings the crazy we’ve all come to expect from her. It’s like an 8+ minute homage to Madonna—with some gay Nazis thrown in for good measure". Julie Moult from Daily Mail said "[After the video], no-one could accuse Lady Gaga of being the shy and retiring type."
The Catholic League criticized the video for its use of religious imagery, accusing Gaga of "playing a Madonna copy-cat". In an interview with MTV, Klein explained that the religious symbolism was not meant to denote anything negative, but to represent Gaga's battle between the darker and lighter forces. Thus at the end of the film, she is portrayed again in her nun's habit. Klein added that the significance behind her mouth and eyes disappearing was "because she is withdrawing her senses from the world of evil and going inward towards prayer and contemplation." He added that the scene where Gaga devours the rosary beads was her act of theophagy, the desire to consume the body of God, the rosary being symbolic of the Holy. Singer Katy Perry took to her Twitter account and wrote, "Using blasphemy as entertainment is as cheap as a comedian telling fart jokes." The Huffington Post ascertained that while Gaga had not been mentioned directly by name that it was definitely a slam by Perry towards Lady Gaga. In an interview on NRJ Radio's Le 6/9, Perry said that the tweet was not solely about Gaga, stating that it was based on her personal views of religion at that time.
Gaga performed "Alejandro" on her 2009–11 The Monster Ball Tour. It was the fourth song of the set list on the North American leg of the tour. However, on the European and British legs of the tour the song was performed towards the end of the show. The live performance saw her wearing a silver bodysuit and then being carried by her crotch by one of her male dancers and lowered onto another male dancer, engaging in a threesome with them. During the performance at San Diego, California, Gaga incorporated the city's name in the song, later commenting "I am so lucky that San Diego rhymes with 'Fernando' and 'Alejandro'." Ted Shaw of Windsor Star commented that "Songs like 'Alejandro', 'Teeth' and 'Monster' shoved the sex act in your face." T'Cha Dunlevy from The Gazette said that "the song followed in fast order, with not quite enough to set [it] apart. It was one choreographed dance number after the next." Jeremy Adams from Rolling Stone commented that the performance was "[one] of several moments [...] that gave parents in the audience consternation." Jim Harrington from San Jose Mercury News compared Gaga's performance of the song with that of an erotic dancer.
On April 20, 2010, Gaga performed the song at the MAC AIDS Fund Pan-Asia Viva Glam launch in Tokyo where she wore a doily lace dress. She entered the stage in a procession inspired by a Japanese wedding, and as the lights dimmed, she sat at her piano on the rotating stage and belted out "Speechless", which was followed by the performance of "Alejandro", where she was picked up by one of her dancers, who appeared to be covered in talcum powder. Gaga taped a medley of "Bad Romance" and "Alejandro" for the ninth season of American Idol on April 28, 2010. Her performance aired on the show's May 5, 2010 episode. The performance started with Gaga playing the piano for a slowed-down snippet of "Bad Romance". She was dressed in a revealing-but-veiled black outfit, wielding a cape and was surrounded by shirtless dancers. Halfway through the performance, she shed her cape and began writhing on the floor. Over in one corner of the stage, a statue of the Virgin Mary had flames pouring out of the top of it, as Gaga sang the chorus. Fog filled the stage, as Gaga and her dancers performed an energetic dance routine. Luchina Fisher from ABC News called it a "thinly-veiled performance dripping with sex and violins" and "Gaga doing her best Madonna impression." On July 9, 2010, the song was performed on The Today Show, where she sang it on a stage, outside the studio. In May 2011, Gaga performed the song during Radio 1's Big Weekend in Carlisle, Cumbria.
- Digital download
- "Alejandro" – 4:34
- "Alejandro" (Afrojack Remix) – 4:48
- "Alejandro" (Rusko's Papuseria Remix) – 3:53
- "Alejandro" (Dave Audé Remix) – 7:15
- "Alejandro" (Skrillex Remix) – 5:49
- "Alejandro" (Kim Fai Remix) – 7:20
- "Alejandro" (The Sound of Arrows Remix) – 3:57
- "Alejandro" (Bimbo Jones Remix) – 6:40
- "Alejandro" (Kleerup Remix) – 5:22
- French CD Single
- "Alejandro" (Radio Edit) – 3:58
- "Alejandro" (Dave Audé Radio Remix) – 3:51
- "Alejandro" (Bimbo Jones Radio Edit Remix) – 3:19
- UK CD Single
- "Alejandro" – 4:34
- "Alejandro" (Dave Audé Remix) – 7:15
- UK 7" Vinyl
- "Alejandro" – 4:34
- "Alejandro" (Bimbo Jones Remix) – 6:40
- UK iTunes Bundle
- "Alejandro" – 4:34
- "Alejandro" (Music Video) – 8:44
Credits and personnel
- Lady Gaga – vocals, songwriter, co-producer, vocal arrangement, background vocals
- RedOne – songwriter, producer, vocal editing, vocal arrangement, background vocals, engineering, instrumentation, programming, recording at FC Walvisch, Amsterdam
- Eelco Bakker – audio engineering
- Johnny Severin – vocal editing
- Robert Orton – audio mixing at Sarm Studios, London, England
- Gene Grimaldi – mastering at Oasis Mastering, Burbank, California
Credits adapted from The Fame Monster album liner notes.
Charts and certifications
Chart (2009–10) Peak
Australian Singles Chart 2 Austrian Singles Chart 2 Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders) 4 Belgian Singles Chart (Wallonia) 3 Brazil Billboard Hot 100 Airplay 1 Bulgarian Airplay Chart  1 Canadian Hot 100 4 Czech Airplay Chart 1 Danish Singles Chart 4 Dutch Top 40 4 European Hot 100 Singles 2 Finnish Singles Chart 1 French Singles Chart 3 German Singles Chart 2 Hungarian Singles Chart 5 Irish Singles Chart 3 Italian Singles Chart 2 New Zealand Singles Chart 11 Norwegian Singles Chart 3 Polish Airplay Chart 1 Romanian Airplay Chart 1 Slovak Airplay Chart 2 Spanish Singles Chart 3 Swedish Singles Chart 4 Swiss Singles Chart 3 UK Singles Chart 7 US Billboard Hot 100 5 US Adult Contemporary 13 US Adult Pop Songs 13 US Hot Dance Club Songs 1 US Latin Pop Songs 11 US Pop Songs 4
Country Certifications Australia Platinum Belgium Gold Denmark Platinum France Gold Germany Platinum Italy Platinum New Zealand Gold Russia 3× Platinum (ring-back tone) Spain Platinum Sweden Platinum Switzerland Platinum
Chart (2010) Position Australian Singles Chart 50 Austrian Singles Chart 10 Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders) 17 Belgian Singles Chart (Wallonia) 15 Canadian Hot 100 14 Danish Singles Chart 19 Dutch Top 40 21 European Hot 100 16 German Singles Chart 19 Hungarian Airplay Chart 6 Italian Singles Chart 4 Romanian Top 100  2 Spanish Singles Chart 8 Swiss Singles Chart 8 UK Singles Chart 46 US Billboard Hot 100 33 US Adult Contemporary 30 US Hot Dance Club Songs 21 US Mainstream Top 40 25
Chart procession and succession
Order of precedence Preceded by
"Pretty Mess" by Erika Jayne
U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs number-one single
July 3, 2010
"Commander" by Kelly Rowland feat. David Guetta
"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)" by Shakira
"Minä" by Kymppilinja feat. Mariska
"Waka Waka" (This Time for Africa) by Shakira
Finnish Singles Chart number-one single
June 23, 2010 – July 7, 2010 (first run)
July 14, 2010 – July 21, 2010 (second run)
July 31, 2010 – August 7, 2010 (third run)
"Minä" by Kymppilinja feat. Mariska
"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)" by Shakira
"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)" by Shakira
"Whataya Want from Me" by Adam Lambert
"Can't Fight This Feeling " by Junior Caldera feat. Sophie Ellis-Bextor
Polish Airplay Charts number-one single
July 10, 2010 – July 23, 2010 (first run)
July 31, 2010 – August 13, 2010 (second run)
"California Gurls" by Katy Perry
"Morena" by Tom Boxer feat. Antonia
"We No Speak Americano" by Yolanda Be Cool and DCUP
"Alors on Danse" by Stromae
Romanian Airplay Chart number-one single
July 17, 2010 – July 31, 2010 (first run)
August 7, 2010 – August 29, 2010 (second run)
"Alors on danse" Stromae
"I Like (the Trumpet)" by DJ Sava feat. Raluka
"California Gurls" by Katy Perry
German Airplay Chart number-one single
July 19, 2010 – August 15, 2010
"We No Speak Americano" by Yolanda Be Cool and DCUP
"Láska v housce" by Xindl X feat. Olga Lounová
Czech Airplay Chart number-one single
September 1, 2010 – September 7, 2010
"We No Speak Americano" by Yolanda Be Cool and DCUP
"Illúzió" by Hooligans
Hungarian Airplay Chart number-one single
September 20, 2010 – November 14, 2010
"Love the Way You Lie" by Eminem feat. Rihanna
Radio add and release history
Region Date Format Sweden November 9, 2009 Digital download – Promotional single Belgium France United States April 20, 2010 Mainstream radio, Rhythm, Crossover France May 10, 2010 The Remixes EP – Digital download Belgium Denmark Netherlands Norway Portugal Sweden Switzerland Canada May 18, 2010 United States Maxi Single, EP, Digital download United States June 15, 2010 The Remixes EP – CD single France June 21, 2010 CD Single United Kingdom June 28, 2010 CD single, 7", CD Deluxe Germany July 2, 2010 CD single, CD Deluxe
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Lady GagaDiscography · Unreleased songs · Awards and nominations Studio albumsThe Fame · Born This Way CompilationsThe Remix · Born This Way: The Remix EPsThe Cherrytree Sessions · Hitmixes · The Fame Monster Video albumsLady Gaga Presents the Monster Ball Tour: At Madison Square Garden Singles Collaborations Promotional singles Other songs"Monster" · "Speechless" · "Scheiße" Concert toursThe Fame Ball Tour · Fame Kills: Starring Kanye West and Lady Gaga · The Monster Ball Tour Television"The Telltale Moozadell" · "The Last Days of Disco Stick" · "Lisa Goes Gaga" BooksLady Gaga x Terry Richardson Related articles
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