- Henry, King of Portugal
Henry 17th century painting of Cardinal-King Henry King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 4 August 1578—31 January 1580 Predecessor Sebastian Successor Anthony (disputed) / Philip I (accepted) Father Manuel I of Portugal Mother Maria of Aragon Born 31 January 1512
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 31 January 1580 (aged 68)
Almeirim, Kingdom of Portugal
Burial Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon, District of Lisbon, Portugal Portuguese royalty
House of Aviz-Beja
Manuel I Children include Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and of Asturias John III Isabella, Holy Roman Empress Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy Louis, Duke of Beja Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso Cardinal-Infante Afonso Henry Edward, Duke of Guimarães Maria, Lady of Viseu Grandchildren include Anthony (illegitimate) Maria, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza Catherine, Duchess of Braganza Great-Great-Grandchildren include John IV John III Children include Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal and of Asturias John Manuel, Prince of Portugal Grandchildren include Sebastian Sebastian Henry Anthony
Henry or Henrique (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽˈʁik(ɨ)]) (Lisbon, 31 January 1512 – Almeirim, 31 January 1580) was the seventeenth King of Portugal and the Algarves. He ruled between 1578 and 1580. He was known as Henry the Chaste (Portuguese Henrique o Casto).
Henry was the younger brother of King John III of Portugal and, as a younger son, he was not expected to succeed to the Portuguese throne. Early in his life, Henry took Holy Orders to promote Portuguese interests within the Catholic Church, then dominated by Spain. He rose fast through the Church hierarchy, becoming in quick succession Archbishop of Braga, Archbishop of Évora and Grand Inquisitor before receiving a Cardinal's hat, receiving the Titulus Ss. Quattuor Coronatorum. Henry, more than anyone, endeavoured to bring the Jesuits to Portugal and employed them in the colonial empire.
He served as regent for his grand-nephew, King Sebastian, after 1557, and then succeeded him as king after the disastrous Battle of Alcazarquivir in 1578 in which Sebastian died. Henry renounced his clerical offices and sought to take a bride for the continuation of the Avis dynasty, but Pope Gregory XIII, affiliated with the Habsburgs, did not release him from his vows. The Cardinal-King died without having appointed a Council of Regency to choose a successor. One of the closest dynastic claimants was King Philip II of Spain who, in November 1580, sent the Duke of Alba to claim Portugal by force. Lisbon soon fell, and Philip was elected King of Portugal on condition that the kingdom and its overseas territories would not become Spanish provinces.
- Manuel I of Portugal
- Sebastian of Portugal
- Struggle for the throne of Portugal
- War of the Portuguese Succession
Ancestors of Henry, King of Portugal 16. John I of Portugal (= 20) 8. Edward of Portugal 17. Philippa of Lancaster (= 21) 4. Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu 18. Ferdinand I of Aragon (= 24) 9. Eleanor of Aragon 19. Eleanor of Alburquerque (= 25) 2. Manuel I of Portugal 20. John I of Portugal (= 16) 10. Infante João, Lord of Reguengos (= 30) 21. Philippa of Lancaster (= 17) 5. Infanta Beatriz of Portugal 22. Afonso, 1st Duke of Braganza 11. Isabella of Braganza (= 31) 23. Beatriz Pereira de Alvim 1. Henry of Portugal 24. Ferdinand I of Aragon (= 18) 12. John II of Aragon 25. Eleanor of Alburquerque (= 19) 6. Ferdinand II of Aragon 26. Frederick Henriques, Conde de Melgar 13. Juana Enríquez 27. Mariana de Córdoba 3. Maria of Aragon 28. Henry III of Castile 14. John II of Castile 29. Katherine of Lancaster 7. Isabella I of Castile 30. Infante João, Lord of Reguengos (= 10) 15. Isabella of Portugal 31. Isabella of Braganza (= 11)Henry, King of PortugalCadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 31 January 1512 Died: 31 January 1580 Regnal titles Preceded by
King of Portugal and the Algarves
Anthony or Philip I
Monarchs of Portugal Afonsine Dynasty House of Aviz House of Aviz-Beja Philippine Dynasty House of Braganza House of Braganza-Coburg Infantes of Portugal 1st GenerationInfante Henrique • Sancho I • Infante João 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th GenerationInfante Afonso, Lord of Leiria • Afonso IV 6th GenerationInfante Afonso • Infante Dinis • Peter I • Infante João 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Infante João • Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and Asturias^ • John III • Infante Luís, 5th Duke of Beja • Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso • Cardinal-Infante Afonso • Henry, The Cardinal-King • Infante Duarte, 4th Duke of Guimarães • Infante António • Infante Carlos 12th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Filipe, Prince of Portugal • Infante Dinis • John Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Infante António 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th GenerationBalthasar Charles, Prince of Portugal and Asturias* • Infante Francisco Fernando* • Teodósio, 1st Prince of Brazil • Afonso VI • Peter II 16th GenerationJoão, 3rd Prince of Brazil • John V • Infante Francisco, 7th Duke of Beja • Infante António • Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém • 17th Generation 18th Generationnone 19th Generation 20th Generation 21st Generation 22nd Generation 23rd Generation 24th Generation^also an infante of Castile and León, Aragon, Sicily and Naples, *also an infante of Spain, **claimant infante, ^^only prince or infante by marriage
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