Communications in Mexico

Communications in Mexico

Communications in Mexico are regulated by the Secretariat of Communication and Transportation ("Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes or SCT"), a federal executive cabinet ministry and by the Federal Telecommunications Commission ("Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones [Federal Telecommunications Commission] or COFETEL"). Founded on May 13, 1891 as the Secretariat of Communications and Public Works, the SCT is divided into three subsecretariats: the Subsecretariat of Infrastructure, the Subsecretariat of Communications and the Subsecretariat of Transportation.

Mexico's communication services market is among the largest in Latin America, [ [ Communications Markets in Mexico] . EIU online store. Accessed: 2004-04-09] liberalized in the 1990s, with the landmark privatization of Teléfonos de México (Telmex) a previously state-owned monopoly. Since then, new operators have entered the market, but Telmex still remains the dominant player.

Radio and Television

:"See also List of Mexican television networks"Usage of radio, television and Internet in Mexico nowadays is prevalent. [ Mexico Infrastructure, power and Communications] . National Economies Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 13 January 2007] The first television transmission in Mexico was conducted by Javier Stavoli in 1931. Guillermo González Camarena built his own monochromatic camera in 1934, and in 1940 he developed the first trichromatic system and obtained the first patent for color television in the world. [ Mexico] . The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Accessed on 24 February 2007] After developing radio and television stations, in 1948, he built the studio Gon-Cam, which was considered the best television system in the world in the time, according to survey conducted by the Columbia College of Chicago. With the passage of the century, the television broadcasting market became dominated by two powerful companies, Televisa—the largest Spanish media company in the Spanish-speaking world [ [ Televisa Brings 2006 FIFA World Cup to Mexico in HD With Snell & Wilcox Kahuna SD/HD Production Switcher] ] — and TV Azteca, even though several dozen regional networks operate in the country. In 2006 there were approximately 1410 radio broadcast stations, and 236 television stations (excluding repeaters), plus 906 complementary stations.

Telephony and Internet

In general, the telecommunications industry is mostly dominated by Telmex ("Teléfonos de México"), privatized in 1990. Telmex has diversified its operations by incorporating Internet service and mobile telephony. It has also expanded its operations to Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Ecuador and the United States. [ [ Sobre Telmex Internacional] . Teléfonos de México.] Due Mexican diverse orography—the country is crossed by two high altitude mountain ranges extending from the Rocky Mountains—providing landline telephone service at remote mountainous areas is expensive, and penetration of line-phones per capita is low compared to other Latin American countries, with 20 million lines. [ Communications] . Mexico. CIA Factbook.] Mobile telephony has the advantage of reaching all areas at a lower cost, due to reduced investments in required infrastructure, and the total number of mobile lines in Mexico is almost three times that of landlines, with an estimated 57 million lines. The telecommunications industry is regulated by the government through Cofetel ("Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones").

In May 2007, the Mexican Internet Association ("Asociación Mexicana de Internet", AMIPCI) reported 22.7 million users; 78% of personal computer Internet access is broadband access. [ [ Usuarios de Internet en México 2007] . AMiPCI. Accessed on 24 February 2008] There are approximately 7.6 million internet hosts in Mexico, ranking eight in the world. [ [ Ranking of Internet Hosts] . CIA Factbook. Accesed on 24 February 2008]

atellite communications

The satellite system is domestic with 120 earth stations. There is also extensive microwave radio relay network and considerable use of fiber-optic and coaxial cable.

Mexican satellites are operated by "Satélites Mexicanos" (Satmex), a private company, leader in Latin America and servicing both North and South America. [ [ Satmex. Linking the Americas.] Accessed on 24 January 2007] It offers broadcast, telephone and telecommunication services to 37 countries in the Americas, from Canada to Argentina. Through business parterships Satmex provides high-speed connectivity to ISPs and Digital Broadcast Services. [ [ Mexican Operator Satmex Has Chosen Arianespace to Launch Its New Satmex 6 Satellite] . 14 February 2002. Accessed on 24 January 2007] The system is currently composed of three main satellites: Solidaridad 2, Satmex 5 and Satmex 6.

ee also

* Transportation in Mexico
* Economy of Mexico


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transportation and Communications in Mexico — may refer to:* Communications in Mexico * Transportation in Mexico …   Wikipedia

  • Mexico Archeology and Architecture Stamps — From 1950 to 1975, Mexico issued a series of small format definitive stamps with similar basic design for surface mail. Although this series is known by philatelists as the Architecture and Archaeology series, it included other subjects such as… …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Argentina — gives an overview of the postal, telephone, Internet, radio, television, and newspaper services available in Argentina. Contents 1 Postal 2 Telephone 2.1 Companies 3 Internet …   Wikipedia

  • Communications Security Establishment Canada — Badge of the Communications Security Establishment Canada Agency overview Formed 1946 Preceding agency Examination Unit, a civilian organization established in …   Wikipedia

  • Communications and Electronics Branch — The cap badge of the Communications and Electronics Branch. Active 1968 Country …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Burundi — refers to the telephony, internet, postal, radio, and television systems of Burundi. Contents 1 Telephony 2 Internet 3 Postal Service 4 Radio and television …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Afghanistan — has dramatically increased since 2002, and has embarked on wireless companies, internet, radio stations and television channels. Afghan telecommunication companies, such as Afghan Wireless and Roshan, have been boasting rapid increase in cellular …   Wikipedia

  • Mexico (TV series) — Mexico Genre documentary Written by Lister Sinclair Directed by James Murray Lister Sinclair Bill Banting Narrated by Lister Sinclair Country of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in the Netherlands — Communications in the Netherlands. Contents 1 Mail 2 Telephone 2.1 Area codes 2.2 Non geographical codes …   Wikipedia

  • Mexico — This article is about the country in North America. For other uses, see Mexico (disambiguation). United Mexican States Estados Unidos Mexicanos  …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.