- Communications in Mexico
Communications in Mexico are regulated by the
Secretariat of Communication and Transportation("Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes or SCT"), a federal executive cabinetministry and by the Federal Telecommunications Commission ("Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones [Federal Telecommunications Commission] or COFETEL"). Founded on May 13, 1891 as the Secretariat of Communications and Public Works, the SCT is divided into three subsecretariats: the Subsecretariat of Infrastructure, the Subsecretariat of Communications and the Subsecretariat of Transportation. Mexico's communication services market is among the largest in Latin America, [ [http://store.eiu.com/product/473316247.html Communications Markets in Mexico] . EIU online store. Accessed: 2004-04-09] liberalized in the 1990s, with the landmark privatization of Teléfonos de México(Telmex) a previously state-owned monopoly. Since then, new operators have entered the market, but Telmex still remains the dominant player.
Radio and Television
List of Mexican television networks"Usage of radio, television and Internet in Mexico nowadays is prevalent. [http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Americas/Mexico-INFRASTRUCTURE-POWER-AND-COMMUNICATIONS.html Mexico Infrastructure, power and Communications] . National Economies Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 13 January 2007] The first television transmission in Mexico was conducted by Javier Stavoli in 1931. Guillermo González Camarenabuilt his own monochromatic camera in 1934, and in 1940 he developed the first trichromatic system and obtained the first patent for color television in the world. [http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/M/htmlM/mexico/mexico.htm Mexico] . The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Accessed on 24 February 2007] After developing radio and television stations, in 1948, he built the studio Gon-Cam, which was considered the best television system in the world in the time, according to survey conducted by the Columbia College of Chicago. With the passage of the century, the television broadcasting market became dominated by two powerful companies, Televisa—the largest Spanish media company in the Spanish-speaking world [ [http://www.snellwilcox.com/news_events/press_releases/203 Televisa Brings 2006 FIFA World Cup to Mexico in HD With Snell & Wilcox Kahuna SD/HD Production Switcher] ] — and TV Azteca, even though several dozen regional networks operate in the country. In 2006 there were approximately 1410 radio broadcast stations, and 236 television stations (excluding repeaters), plus 906 complementary stations.
Telephony and Internet
In general, the telecommunications industry is mostly dominated by
Telmex("Teléfonos de México"), privatized in 1990. Telmex has diversified its operations by incorporating Internetservice and mobile telephony. It has also expanded its operations to Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Ecuadorand the United States. [ [http://www.telmex.com/mx/esto/telmexinternacional.html Sobre Telmex Internacional] . Teléfonos de México.] Due Mexican diverse orography—the country is crossed by two high altitude mountain ranges extending from the Rocky Mountains—providing landline telephone service at remote mountainous areas is expensive, and penetration of line-phones per capita is low compared to other Latin American countries, with 20 million lines. [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html#Comm Communications] . Mexico. CIA Factbook.] Mobile telephony has the advantage of reaching all areas at a lower cost, due to reduced investments in required infrastructure, and the total number of mobile lines in Mexico is almost three times that of landlines, with an estimated 57 million lines. The telecommunications industry is regulated by the government through Cofetel("Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones").
In May 2007, the Mexican Internet Association ("Asociación Mexicana de Internet", AMIPCI) reported 22.7 million users; 78% of personal computer Internet access is
broadbandaccess. [ [http://amipci.org.mx/temp/Estudio__Amipci_2007_Usuarios_de_Internet_en_Mexico_y_Uso_de_Nuevas_Tecnologias-0082160001179418241OB.pdf Usuarios de Internet en México 2007] . AMiPCI. Accessed on 24 February 2008] There are approximately 7.6 million internet hosts in Mexico, ranking eight in the world. [ [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2184rank.html Ranking of Internet Hosts] . CIA Factbook. Accesed on 24 February 2008]
The satellite system is domestic with 120 earth stations. There is also extensive microwave radio relay network and considerable use of fiber-optic and coaxial cable.
Mexican satellites are operated by "
Satélites Mexicanos" (Satmex), a private company, leader in Latin America and servicing both North and South America. [ [http://www.satmex.com.mx/english/?opcion=0 Satmex. Linking the Americas.] Accessed on 24 January 2007] It offers broadcast, telephone and telecommunication services to 37 countries in the Americas, from Canadato Argentina. Through business parterships Satmex provides high-speed connectivity to ISPs and Digital Broadcast Services. [ [http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=7420 Mexican Operator Satmex Has Chosen Arianespace to Launch Its New Satmex 6 Satellite] . 14 February 2002. Spaceref.com. Accessed on 24 January 2007] The system is currently composed of three main satellites: Solidaridad 2, Satmex 5 and Satmex 6.
Transportation in Mexico
Economy of Mexico
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