- Distribution of white South Africans
The distribution of white South Africans is fairly evenly spread. They currently make up between 9 and 11% of the total population and number around 4.5–5 million. They are found in large numbers in practically every province in South Africa, although always as a minority, and are high in concentration in large cities. Due to this, the possibility of a "white homeland" or Volkstaat (white homeland for Afrikaners) is unrealistic and fairly not supported among whites, due to their vast spread population. Their spread can conversely be compared to Coloureds (mixed-race), who although making up only around 8% of the population, are the majority in the western third of the nation.
Afrikaners are located in all parts of the nation, apart from the former homelands such as Transkei and KwaZulu, where they are very small in number. English Speaking whites are generally concentrated in KwaZulu-Natal, Johannesburg and major settlements in the Western and Eastern Capes. Other white groups (such as Portuguese and Germans) live mostly in Johannesburg or Cape Town. In the former homelands, the white populations are so tiny, that even the slightest population can affect how Afrikaans or English-speaking they are. Of the largest cities in the country, Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, East London and Pietermartizburg are largely English-speaking in the core, while Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Polokwane, Nelspruit, Witbank and Rustenburg are predominantly Afrikaans. Port Elizabeth is largely mixed.
White population of South Africa by province and first language, 2001 Province Afrikaans % Afrikaans English % English Other % Other Total Eastern Cape 149,395 48.8% 153,434 50.2% 3,010 1.0% 305,839 Free State 214,020 89.6% 22,225 9.3% 2,544 1.1% 238,789 Gauteng 984,472 56.7% 716,403 41.3% 34,219 2.0% 1,735,094 KwaZulu-Natal 115,721 24.0% 357,200 74.1% 9,193 1.9% 482,114 Limpopo 115,921 87.5% 14,898 11.3% 1,602 1.2% 132,421 Mpumalanga 164,620 83.5% 29,678 15.1% 2,780 1.4% 197,078 North West 237,598 89.0% 26,346 9.9% 2,940 1.1% 266,884 Northern Cape 93,637 91.3% 7,737 7.5% 1,144 1.1% 102,518 Western Cape 461,522 55.4% 359,738 43.2% 11,639 1.4% 832,899 Total 2,536,906 59.1% 1,687,659 39.3% 69,071 1.6% 4,293,636
The Eastern cape has one of the lowest percentages of whites in South Africa, which is currently around 4.7%. They number just above 300,000. Similarly to the Limpopo province, whites as a percent of the population varies around the Eastern Cape. The East, where the former black designated homelands of Transkei and Ciskei are found, have both a high density of black people, and only a small number of whites. For example in the OR Tambo District Municipality, located in the former Transkei, only 0.1% of the 1.6 million inhabitants are white. On the other hand, in the west, Local Municipalities such as in the Cacadu District Municipality, contain white percentages exceeding 10%, with the highest being the Kouga Local Municipality, which stands at 25.4%. The largest white population centre is Port Elizabeth, which houses over half (170,000) of the Eastern Cape's white population. Other major white populations exist in East London, Grahamstown, Graaff-Reinet, and a number of smaller towns. The Eastern Cape houses the most equal mix of both English and Afrikaans speaking whites. The geographic background of the province shows a mix of English and Afrikaans place names, with no clear distinction between where Afrikaners or English-Speakers live.
The Afrikaners far outnumber white Anglo-Africans in the Free State (formerly called the Orange Free State), because English immigration to the region was very limited. They are predominant in practically all cities, and in many farms. The Afrikaner population is biggest around Bloemfontein, which currently holds an estimated 100,000 white people (or a third of the total in the province). The white percentage has recently rebounded after prolonged decline. In 1880 the white percentage was 45.7% and 24 years later, this declined to 36.8% in 1904. Despite a long and steady decline all through the 20th century, the 2007 Community Survey showed the white percentage of the Free State increased from 8.8% to 9.6%. There could be issues with this figure as overall the population of some municipalities decreased in population by up to 50%, which meant that the "missing" black people counted resulted in an increased white percentage. Major white populations are also found in cities such as Welkom, Kroonstad and Sasolburg.
Gauteng has both the highest percentage (18.4%) and number (just under 2 million) of white people compared to any of the other provinces. Afrikaans whites tend to be gathered in and around Pretoria (with around 450,000 Afrikaners), the East and West Rand, and in many other large cities. Anglo-Africans are mostly found in central Gauteng, namely Johannesburg and the East Rand. Also, the Midvaal Local Municipality, located in Gauteng, contains one of the highest percentage of whites in the country, which in 2007 stood at 35%.
Between Afrikaners and Anglo-Africans, KwaZulu-Natal is the only province where the vast majority of whites are English-speaking. However, there do remain some towns in the north with large Afrikaner populations such as in the town of Vryheid. Before 1994 the province was just called Natal, and in the 1960 republic referendum, it was the only province to vote against severing links to the British Crown. KwaZulu-Natal, like most provinces, has experienced a both numerical and proportional decline in the white population. Over half of KwaZulu-Natal's white population lives in Durban and its surrounding suburbs.
The Limpopo province has the smallest percentage of white people than any other province in the country, which in 2007 stood at 2.2%. They are almost entirely Afrikaners. The white population is very unevenly spread. Some municipalities, especially in the more lightly populated west, have white percentages reaching far beyond 10% such as the Thabazimbi (23%), Bela-Bela (13%) and Mookgopong Local Municipality (21%). Conversley in the much more densely populated East (where the former homelands of Gazankulu, Lebowa and Venda lay), the white percentage drops significantly due to the high black population density. Some municipalities, including the Thumamela and Mutale Local Municipality have white populations of no more than 500, and therefore percentages reaching as low as 0.05%. The capital city, Polokwane (formerley Pietersburg), holds around 27,000 whites, making up just under a fourth of the province's white population. Other major white concentrations are in Phalaborwa, Thabazimbi, Louis Trichardt and practically every settlement along the N1 national road.
In 2007 roughly 6.7% of Mpumalanga was white. The majority of whites in Mpumalanga are Afrikaans-speaking. Approximately 250,000 whites live in Mpumalanga, with major population centres being the capital, Nelspruit and other large cities such as Witbank, Middelburg, Ermelo and Lydenburg.
The Northwest Province has an almost identical situation to that of Mpumalanga. There is a very strong and patriotic Afrikaner community, and the province is also the birthplace of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB), which was created in Ventersdorp. There is an especially strong Afrikaner influence in the city of Potchefstroom. In 2007 there were 235,580 whites, making up roughly 7.2% (up from 6.7% in 2001) of the province's total population. The vast majority are Afrikaans-speaking.
The Northern Cape's small white population is also dominated by Afrikaners, with some English whites in cities such as Kimberley. Although the white population only number no more than 100,000, because the province is very sparsely populated, it means the white population has remained very much above 10%, even since 1994. Roughly 25% of whites live in the Sol Plaatje Local Municipality, which contains the Diamond-mining city of Kimberley. Although only having about 12,000 white inhabitants, the Namakwa District Municipality, in the very sparse western Northern Cape, they still manage to make up over 11% of the District Municipality's population. Afrikaans is the Lingua Franca in the Northern Cape, because the majority of the province (mostly Coloureds) speak it as a first language. Only in the north-eastern areas are there more blacks than Coloureds, and as well as far fewer white people. Besides Kimberley, other important white concentrations are found in Upington, Britstown, Springbok, De Aar, Jan Kempdorp and Barkly West. Orania, a purpose-built town for only-Afrikaans-speaking whites, is also located in the east of the Northern Cape, bordering the Free State. It houses just over 1400 inhabitants and is a special case as it is the only "main-place" where virtually all inhabitants are white.
The Western Cape has the second highest percentage of white people (18.4%) in South Africa, and the only one with a White premier (governor). However due to the fast declining percentage of whites in Gauteng, the Western Cape now has the joint highest percentage of whites in South Africa. The lingua franca is Afrikaans, although some urban areas, especially Cape Town, have a large English speaking population. Many Cape Town suburbs and neighborhoods have white majorities, including some with a white population of 95% or greater including: Llandudno, Fish Hoek, Constantia, Parow and Noordhoek. The large coloured population in Oos-Kaap Provinsie speak mostly Afrikaans (80%) or English (20%). The Western Cape has some of the highest white percentage municipalities in South Africa, such as the Overstrand (33%), Cape Agulhas (23%), Mossel Bay (28%), Knysna (23%) and Hessequa (38%) to name a few.
Largest population centres
This is an incomplete list of the "main places" (localities) in South Africa with a white population of more than 10,000. The data is taken from the 2001 census
Place Province White population Percentage % Pretoria Gauteng 355,631 67.7% Johannesburg Gauteng 231,263 22.9% Cape Town Western Cape 167,085 20.2% Durban KwaZulu-Natal 136,956 25.5% Port Elizabeth Eastern Cape 123,722 52.1% Roodepoort Gauteng 98,995 58.4% Centurion Gauteng 90,997 64.3% Randburg Gauteng 89,310 66.7% Kempton Park Gauteng 82,830 70.6% Boksburg Gauteng 77,499 48.9% Sandton Gauteng 76,062 60.6% Bloemfontein Free State 72,619 65.0% Germiston Gauteng 69,526 49.8% Alberton Gauteng 61,018 68.3% Bellville Western Cape 57,156 63.7% Sasolburg Free State 56,103 70.0% Benoni Gauteng 56,076 59.4% Springs Gauteng 43,427 53.8% Krugersdorp Gauteng 52,203 60.2% Pietermaritzburg KwaZulu-Natal 43,471 19.5% East London Eastern Cape 40,180 29.6% Rustenburg North-West 38,138 56.8% Klerksdorp North-West 38,007 63.9% Durbanville Western Cape 35,719 89.0% Vereeniging Gauteng 34,933 47.7% Witbank Mpumalanga 33,128 54.2% Pinetown KwaZulu-Natal 25,316 25.3% George Western Cape 25,163 36.7% Polokwane (Pietersburg) Limpopo 24,749 39.9% Kimberley Northern Cape 24,683 39.5% Potchefstroom North-West 22,999 86.1% Stellenbosch Western Cape 19,920 45.1% Secunda Mpumalanga 19,088 73.1% Middelburg Mpumalanga 18,672 44.1% Welkom Free State 17,448 51.1% Newcastle KwaZulu-Natal 16,922 38.4% Nelspruit Mpumalanga 13,803 64.1%
Largest populations by province
Here is a list of some of the biggest white populations by province.
Place White population Percentage % Port Elizabeth 123,722 52.1% East London 40,180 29.6% Uitenhage 19,180 28.6% Despatch 14,683 58.3% Grahamstown 6,232 29.1% Queenstown 4,984 24.7% Graaff Reinet 3,511 14.5% Aliwal North 2,390 30.0%
- ^ "Table: Census 2001 by province, language, population group and gender.". Census 2001. Statistics South Africa. http://www.statssa.gov.za/timeseriesdata/pxweb2006/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=Language%20by%20province&ti=Table%3A+Census+2001+by+province%2C+language%2C+population+group+and++gender.&path=../Database/South%20Africa/Population%20Census/Census%202001%20-%20NEW%20Demarcation%20boundaries%20as%20at%209%20December%202005/Provincial%20level%20-%20Persons/&lang=1. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- ^ http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Orange_Free_State
- ^ The highest stage of white supremacy - Google Books
- ^ Despite the white population percentage decrease since 1994, the Northern Cape has retained a white percentage of 10%+
- ^ In South African censuses, a "main place" is a locality respresenting a village, e.g. Centurion, is a "main-place" within Tshwane municipality.
- ^ The fast declining percentage of whites in Gauteng is due to rapid growth of the black population, when compared to whites
- ^ http://census.adrianfrith.com/ Use the site to find out the ethnic composition of ALL localities/municips. and provinces in South Africa.
- ^ At the time of the 2001-census it was known as Pietersburg
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