- Differential mobility detector
Differential Mobility Detector (DMD) is a type of microelectromechanical system, radio frequency modulated IMS (MEMS RF-IMS) device.
Due its small size, it easily fits into portable units, such as transferable gas chromatographs or drug/explosives sensors. For instance, it was incorporated by Varian in its CP-4900 DMD MicroGC, and by Thermo Fisher in its EGIS Defender system, designed to detect narcotics and explosives in transportation or other homeland security applications.
Specifications for DMD as part of Varian CP-4900 MicroGC
- Detection limit: 100 ppb for MES
- Dynamic range: 103
- RSD < 2% at 10 times the LDL
- Gas requirements: 400 mL/min ‘Zero’ Air or N2.
Radioactive source in DMD
Type of source Sealed source (capsule in holder) Capsule Type Rolled Foil 6.3 mm x 1.3 mm x 5 μm Holder Type Manifold Isotope (radio nuclide) Ni – 63 (also written as 63Ni or Nickel 63) Source Manufacturer Amount of activity per source 185 MBq (equal to 5 mCi) Physical State of Source Solid (deposited on one face of the foil) Half life Ni – 63 100.1 years Energy of beta for Ni – 63 (average / max) 17 keV / 67 keV Minimum Specific Activity 555 GBq per gram Type of decay β (beta) Progeny (Ni – 63 decays to) Cu – 63 (stable, not radioactive) ISO – 2919 : 1999 Testing Classification C32211 Maximum temperature of the source 180°C ISO – 2919 : 1999 Radio Toxicity Classification Group B, subgroup B2
Analyzer Application Detection Limit DMD Why Markets Sulfur odorants in Natural Gas THT 0.5 mg/m3 (100 ppb) Safety Gas transportation TBM Environmental Gas Distribution MES City gates Fuel cells Sulfur-free odorants in Natural Gas Methyl Acrylate 0.35 mg/m3 (100 ppb) Catalysts 0.45 mg/m3 (100 ppb) Ethyl Acrylate Anesthetic gases in air Halotane 100 ppb Safety Operating Theaters Enflurane Anesthetic gas companies Isoflurane Recovery rooms Desflurane Sevoflurane Sulfur hydrocarbons in HC matrices Hydrogen Sulfide 200 ppb Safety Petro-chemical processes Carbonyl sulfide Environmental Catalysts Methyl Mercaptan Corrosion Fuel cells De-sulfurisation companies Mercaptanes C1-C4 in gas Methyl Mercaptan 100 ppb Ethyl Mercaptan iso-Propyl Mercaptan n-Propyl Mercaptan TBM, tert-Butyl Mercaptan CFC’s & HCFC’s in air For example 100 ppb Safety Personal monitoring CFC-11 Environmental Environmental companies CFC-12 Emission control companies CFC-113 CFC & HCFC Producers CFC-114 CFC-115
- ^ Varian document CP501677, February 2004.
- ^ The authors of this article note that one 5 liter gas cylinder of Zero Air was enough for three to four days of normal work in the field.
- ^ in Russian: Zhiltsov I.N. and Chupin V.V., New Possibilities of Gas Chromatographic Analysis: the Differential Mobility Detector (DMD)
- ^ Varian document CP501378.
- ^ Presentation provided by Varian to the users of CP-4900 MicroGC with DMD.
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