Dialectical and Historical Materialism

Dialectical and Historical Materialism

Joseph Stalin's "Dialectical and Historical Materialism" is a central text within Soviet political theory.

The work first appeared in 1938, and draws heavily upon both Lenin's philosophical works, and the then-new Short Course in the History of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks); it was to become the state doctrine of the Soviet Union.


Outline of the Book

Stalin's writing is divided into three parts, and very systematically presented:

A: outline of the Marxist dialectical method, in contrast to metaphysics

  1. Nature is a unified whole
  2. Nature is perpetual motion
  3. The development of nature is the transition of quantity into quality
  4. Natural phenomena possess internal contradictions as part of their struggle, and cannot be reformist, but rather revolutionary

B: outline of the Marxist philosophical materialism in contrast to idealism

  1. The world is materialistic in nature
  2. Being is objective reality, thinking is a reflection of matter, contributing ideas back to being.
  3. The knowledge of natural laws is examined by the practice, laws of social development, objective truth, analog biology, socialism is a science

C: Historical materialism

  1. What characterizes "last resort" [Engels] society? The mode of production of material goods and not the geographical environment or the growth of the population.
  2. The "real" party of the proletariat controls the laws of development of production
  3. A schematic picture of the story:

A. Primitive communal / primitive communism

B. Slavery
C. Feudalism
D. Capitalism
E. Socialism (where evolution instead of revolution)

Unity of dialectical and historical materialism

who am i casting crown?

is it the one who saves us from sins or the one who gives us anything just to take us.

Historical development

Precursor: dialectics and materialism

Historical materialism in Marx

Dialectical materialism, historical materialism as a law of nature

Ideological significance

Basis in Marx and Engels

Obviously, a rather unique reading of Marx was required in both Leninist, but more so Stalinist, Marxism. Marx is rather clear concerning revolution as a process of development, following evolving stages of consciousness. However, even Lenin's work remains true to the largest parts of dialectical thought, Stalin's work reemphasizes Historical Materialism. In addition, Stalin reverses Marx's use of the term "ideology", presenting it as merely the official "Party line", as a part of revolutionary doctrine and science. Marx's original use of the word is negative, a form of social reproduction of consciousness that obfuscates real consciousness. What follows is a synthesis that place all subjects as equal a part of the objective Progress of History, a perversion of Marx's "cunning of Reason".

Ideological function in the Soviet system

External links


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 19 September 2010 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Historical materialism — Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • Historical materialism —    “Historical materialism” is not a term that Karl Marx himself used, but it has become the commonly used label for what Marx called his “materialist conception of history.” The key idea of historical materialism is that the basis of society and …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Historical materialism — the philosophical view that the only thing that can truly be said to exist is matter; that fundamentally, all things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions. • Christian materialism the philosophical… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • historical materialism — (in Marxist theory) the doctrine that all forms of social thought, as art or philosophy, and institutions, as the family or the state, develop as a superstructure founded on an economic base; that they reflect the character of economic relations… …   Universalium

  • historical materialism — noun : the part of dialectical materialism dealing with the history of society and holding that ideas and institutions develop as the superstructure of a material economic base, that the course of history is dominated by the struggle of competing …   Useful english dictionary

  • historical materialism — histor′ical mate′rialism n. gov+pho the part of dialectical materialism dealing with historical process and social causation; the doctrine that social thought and institutions develop as a superstructure on an economic base • Etymology: 1920–25 …   From formal English to slang

  • historical materialism — noun Date: 1925 the Marxist theory of history and society that holds that ideas and social institutions develop only as the superstructure of a material economic base compare dialectical materialism …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Dialectical materialism — Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • dialectical materialism — dialectical materialist. a form of materialism, developed chiefly by Karl Marx, noted esp. for the application of the Hegelian dialectic in its philosophy of history. [1925 30] * * * Philosophical approach expressed through the writings of Karl… …   Universalium

  • Materialism — Not to be confused with Materialistic. For the prioritization of resources, see economic materialism. For the Marxist analysis, see dialectical materialism. For consumerism, see consumerism. For materialist perspective on social development, see… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»