Ursus deningeri


Ursus deningeri
Ursus deningeri
Temporal range: Miocene–Pleistocene
Skull from Atapuerca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Superfamily: Arctoidea
Family: Ursidae
Subfamily: Ursinae
Tribe: Ursini
Genus: Ursus
Species: Ursus deningeri
Linnaeus 1758

Ursus deningeri (Deninger's bear) is an extinct species of mammal of the family Ursidae (bears), endemic to Europe during the Pleistocene, living from ~1.8 Mya—100,000 years ago, existing for approximately 1.7 million years.

The range of this bear is almost completely confined to the European continent.[1]

Morphology

Skull of Ursus deningeri

Ursus deningeri has a combination of primitive and derived characters that distinguishes it from all other Pleistocene bears. Its mandible is slender like that of Ursus arctos and Ursus etruscus. It also has derived characters of cave bears (Ursus spelaeus) and is considered to be the ancestor of Ursus savini and very close to the common ancestor of the aforementioned Ursus arctos.[2]

Fossil distribution

Sites and specimen ages:

References

  1. ^ The cave bear story: life and death of a vanished animal, Björn Kurtén, Columbia University Press, January 15, 1995
  2. ^ Nuria García and Juan Luis Arsuaga, Department of Paleontology, Ciudad University, 2001