- Demophon of Athens
Demophon (Greek: Δημοφῶν / Δημοφόων) was a king of Athens, according to Pindar, son of Theseus and Phaedra, brother of Acamas. Some say that Demophon's mother was Iope, daughter of Iphicles. He fought in the Trojan War and was among those who entered the city in the Trojan Horse. The brothers freed their grandmother Aethra, who had been captured by the Dioscuri and served Helen as a handmaid for a while, and brought her home.
Demophon married Phyllis, daughter of Sithon, King of Thrace, while he stopped in Thrace on his journey home from the Trojan war. On the next day after the wedding, however, he had to leave, promising to return and take Phyllis with him as soon as possible. She gave him a casket and told not to open it unless he should lose every hope to return to Thrace. Demophon eventually settled in Cyprus and forgot about Phyllis. She would come to the sea shore every day, expecting to see the sails of his ship, but in vain. After the appointed date was past, she either died of grief or hanged herself. One day Demophon opened the casket out of curiosity; what he saw there was so horrifying that he jumped onto his horse and rode like wild till he fell off the horse on his own sword and died. Others, however, say that he did return, but Phyllis was already dead by the time; when he embraced the lifeless almond tree into which she was said to have transformed after death, it started to blossom.
Not all sources, however, accepted the tradition of Demophon's death in Cyprus. In Euripides' play Heracleidae, Demophon was the king of Athens, having succeeded to his father's power. He granted the children of Heracles, who were fleeing from Eurystheus, refuge in Athens. As Eurystheus prepared to attack, an oracle told Demophon that he would win if and only if a noble virgin was sacrificed to Persephone. Macaria volunteered for the sacrifice and a spring was named the Macarian spring in her honor. When Diomedes, having landed on the coast of Attica after a storm and failing to recognize the land, started to ravage it, Demophon marched out against the invaders, and was successful enough to take the Palladium from Diomedes. However, he accidentally killed a fellow Athenian in the battle, and was tried in court for that. Demophon had a son Oxyntes.
Lucian relates the story concerning Phyllis not of Demophon, but of his brother Acamas, probably because the character of his work was supposed to be ignorant and to have confounded the two brothers. Tzetzes repeats the mistake. Acamas is better known for having been loved by Laodice, daughter of Priam.
- ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 1. 18
- ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 62. 1
- ^ Stesichorus fragment 193. 23-24; Iope is also mentioned by Plutarch in Theseus, 29. 1
- ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 5. 22
- ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 6. 16-17
- ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 59
- ^ Ovid, Heroides, 2
- ^ Servius on Virgil's Eclogues, 5. 10
- ^ See also Hyginus, Fabulae, 48 and Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 33
- ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 28. 9
- ^ Tzetzes, Chiliades, 1. 181
- ^ De saltatione, 40
- ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 495
- ^ Parthenius, Love Romances, 16
- ^ It must be noted, however, that Plutarch (Theseus 34) makes Laodice mother of Mounychus (others call her son Munitus) by Demophon, not Acamas
Regnal titles Preceded by
King of Athens Succeeded by
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Demophon — In Greek mythology, Demophon referred to two men: Demophon of Athens Demophon of Eleusis See also 4057 Demophon, an asteroid This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an … Wikipedia
Demophon (King of Athens) — Demophon (Δημοφῶν) was a king of Athens, according to Pindar, son of Theseus and a half brother of Acamas, fought in the Trojan War and was one of those to be in the Trojan Horse. In Euripides play, Heracleidae , Demophon granted the children of… … Wikipedia
Demophon von Eleusis — Demophon (griechisch Δημοφῶν, auch Δημοφόων) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der Sohn des eleusischen Königs Keleos und dessen Frau Metaneira. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Mythos 2 Kult 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Demophon of Eleusis — In Greek mythology, Demophon (Ancient Greek: Δημοφῶν or Δημοφόων) sometimes written in English as Demophoon, was a son of King Celeus and Queen Metanira. While Demeter was searching for her daughter Persephone, having taken the form of an old… … Wikipedia
King of Athens — Before the Athenian democracy, the tyrants, and the archons, the city state of Athens was ruled by kings. Most of these are probably mythical or only semi historical. This list is based on that given by Eusebius of Caesarea.Earliest kingsThese… … Wikipedia
Macaria — For the fictional place, see A Description of the Famous Kingdome of Macaria. For the geometer moth genus, see Semiothisa. Macaria or Makaria (Greek Μακαρία) is the name of two figures from ancient Greek religion and mythology. Although they are… … Wikipedia
12th century BC — OverviewThe 12th century BC is the period from 1200 to 1101 BC. Although many human societies were literate in this period, most individual persons mentioned in this article ought to be considered legendary rather than historical.Events *1197 BC… … Wikipedia
Demeter — For other meanings, see Demeter (disambiguation). Demeter Goddess of the Earth, Agriculture, Harvest, and Forests Abode Mount Olympus … Wikipedia
Trojan War — In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy stole Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology, and was narrated… … Wikipedia
Heracleidae — In Greek mythology, the Heracleidae or Heraclids were the numerous descendants of Heracles (Hercules), especially applied in a narrower sense to the descendants of Hyllus, the eldest of his four sons by Deianira (Hyllus was also sometimes thought … Wikipedia