- Demographics data of Utah
Demographic information and data regarding the population of the U.S. state of Utah. Began as a territory in 1847 and then granted statehood in 1896, Utah was one of the fastest growing states in the United States throughout the 20th century and especially in the 2000s. The 2010 United States Census reported 2,763,885 lived in Utah, but other estimates claimed there are over 3.1 million residents. From the last official census taken in the year 2000, Utah had a population growth rate of 26%.
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1850 11,380 — 1860 40,273 253.9% 1870 86,336 114.4% 1880 143,963 66.7% 1890 210,779 46.4% 1900 276,749 31.3% 1910 373,351 34.9% 1920 449,396 20.4% 1930 507,847 13.0% 1940 550,310 8.4% 1950 688,862 25.2% 1960 890,627 29.3% 1970 1,059,273 18.9% 1980 1,461,037 37.9% 1990 1,722,850 17.9% 2000 2,233,169 29.6% 2010 2,763,885 23.8%
The center of population of Utah is located in Utah County in the city of Lehi. As of April 1, 2010 the 2010 Census indicated that Utah had a population of 2,763,885. In 2008, the US Census Bureau determined Utah was the fastest growing state in the country.
Much of the population lives in cities and towns along the Wasatch Front, a metropolitan region that runs north-south with the Wasatch Mountains rising on the eastern side. Growth outside the Wasatch Front is also increasing. The St. George metropolitan area is currently the second-fastest growing in the country after the Las Vegas metropolitan area, while the Heber micropolitan area is also the second-fastest growing in the country (behind Palm Coast, Florida).
Race and ancestry
According to 2010 United States Census projections, the racial and ethnic makeup of Utah are as it follows. :
- 84-88% White or European (one of the U.S. highest percentages of Whites/ European-Americans).
- 10% Hispanic/Latino (of any race).
- 2.5% American Indians and Alaskan Natives.
- 2% Asian-American.
- 7% Pacific Islander.
- 2.5% African American.
- est. 4-5% Some other race.
The largest ancestry groups in the state are:
- 27.7% English
- 14.9% Scandinavian: (5.9% Danish, 4.3% Swedish, & 2.4% Norwegian)
- 12.4% German
- 7.0% American
- 6.1% Irish
- 4.7% Scottish
- 2.9% Italian
- 2.2% French
- 2.2% Welsh
- 1.4% Scotch Irish
- 1.3% Swiss
Utah County has the largest Icelandic American population, while Sanpete County is about a quarter (26%) Danish American. Swedish Americans and Norwegian Americans outnumbered English American ancestry in Central Utah (i.e. Heber City). Finnish Americans, Russian Americans and Ukrainian Americans are significant in number throughout the state (esp. Carbon County, Utah and Wasatch County, Utah areas). The wikipedia article Utah Italians describes the state's small but established Italian-American community. And the percentage of persons of Spanish American ancestry including those of Basque descent are also present. Most Utahns are of Northern European descent.
Racial and ethnic groups
Utah has some level of racial and ethnic diversity. One example is the multiethnic Sugar House district, Salt Lake City that contradicts the perceived image of Utah as "homogeneous" white or Mormon. In the 2010 Census estimates, near 90 percent of the state population is white and European-American, including those of Hispanic origin.
Due to being an international hub by air travel and global LDS church missionairy programs, Utah with Salt Lake City esp. after the 2002 Winter Olympics, a large wave of immigration has came to Utah since the state is known worldwide. During the 1990s/2000's period they included Bosnians, Greeks, Israelis, Koreans, Lithuanians, Pakistanis, Serbs, Somalis, Syrians and Vietnamese among other nations.
13 percent of Utah's population is now Latino, according to the 2010 United States Census. An increase in Hispanic-Latino populations along the Wasatch Front, about 300-500 percent growth rates. This trend was caused by economic needs from housing construction to agriculture, but it was partially supported by the Latter-Day Saints churches in the state to recruit more and new members and in belief yet was officially discredited that the Aztecs and Ute Indians, ancestors of Mexicans were the Levites mentioned many times in the Book of Mormon. In 2005, the then Mexican president Vicente Fox's visit in Utah was due to growing presence of Mexican Americans and Mexican nationals alike.
The state's 10,000-some Chilean American community is the largest for Chileans in the USA. Also to note Colombian Americans, Cuban Americans, Peruvian Americans, Salvadoran Americans and Venezuelan Americans are increasingly present. There are some belonging to Central American, Caribbean and South American nationalities represented.
3.1 percent of Utahns are now Asian and 2.2 percent are now Pacific Islander (i.e. Hawaiians). The state attracted many Tongans, Fijians and Samoans mostly here after mass LDS conversion in the South Pacific or into Mormonism.
Pilipino Americans are the state's largest Asian group, followed by Chinese Americans from either China and Taiwan are second largest, some of the Chinese community date back to the arrival of railroad workers in the late 19th century. The state's Japanese-Americans are represented, their families also struggled during WWII, plus the Topaz war internment camp in the Sevier Desert for relocated thousands of Japanese-Americans from the West coast for the duration of the war. A sizable community of East Indians (see Indian Americans and South Asian Americans) in the state, including an annual "Festival of India" in Spanish Fork south of Provo.
An increase of Arab Americans in the state, esp. metropolitan areas of Northern Utah, including the sizable Lebanese American community of Salt Lake City. Also the state had Albanian Americans, Armenian Americans and Iranian Americans as well are thriving ethnic communities.
There are small black/African American communities in the communities around Hill AFB near Ogden, Utah. But undoubtedly the state's African-American community was long sparse in size until recent times. Now a large Black middle-class in Salt Lake county and metropolitan area developed since the civil rights era (1960s) and Utah has generally improved in race relations.
But the largest racial minority happens to be American Indians, an estimated 3.5 percent of the state's population. The main tribal groups are the Ute Indians, Paiute Indians and Shoshone Indians, and most live in several Indian reservations located throughout the state: the Navajo Nation of San Juan County; the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation in much of the eastern parts and the Goshute Indian Reservations located southwest of the Great Salt Lake in Tooele County.
A majority of the state's residents are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). As of 2007, 60.7% of Utahns are counted as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, although only 41.6% of them are active members. Mormons now make up about 34%–41% of Salt Lake City, while rural areas tend to be overwhelmingly Mormon. Though the LDS Church officially maintains a policy of neutrality in regards to political parties, the church's doctrine has a strong regional influence on politics. Another doctrine effect can be seen in Utah's high birth rate (25 percent higher than the national average; the highest for a state in the U.S.). The Mormons in Utah tend to have conservative views when it comes to most political issues and the majority of voter-age Utahns are unaffiliated voters (60%) who vote overwhelmingly Republican. John McCain polled 62.5% in the 2008 Presidential Election while 70.9% of Utahns opted for George W. Bush in 2004. In 2000 the Religious Congregations and Membership Study reported that the three largest denominational groups in Utah are Mormon, Catholic, and Evangelical Protestant. The LDS church has the highest number of adherents in Utah (at 1,493,612 members), followed by the Catholic Church with 97,085 members reported and the Southern Baptist Convention, reporting 13,258 adherents.
According to a report produced by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life the self-identified religious affiliations of Utahns over the age of 18 as of 2008 are:
- Latter Day Saint movement 58% (labeled as Mormon on survey)
- Unaffiliated 16%
- Catholic 10%
- Evangelicals 7%
- Mainline Protestants 6%
- Black Protestant Churches 1%
- No Answer 1%
- Other Faiths 1%
- Buddhism <.5%
- Eastern Orthodox <.5%
- Hinduism <.5%
- Islam <.5%
- Jehovah's Witnesses <.5%
- Judaism <.5%
- Non denominational <.5%
- Other World Religions <.5%
Margin of error +/- 6%
Utah has experienced more population from out of state, during the 1990s California and other U.S. regional groups moved into Utah to changed the state's sociocultural/political character. In fact, the smaller percentage of Utahns who practiced Mormonism would make California surpass Utah with the most Mormons/LDS church members sometimes in the 21st century.
Southern Utah or "Little Dixie" has many cultural similarities with the Southeastern United States but historians find the name came from a dispatched settlement drive in the 1850s to advertise the warm desert climate found in Iron and Washington counties.
Percentages of LDS population is much lesser in urban than in rural areas where they remain the majority. Other Christian faiths 1/4th of population statewide, but over half are non-Mormon in Salt Lake County. A projected Mormon minority in Utah by the year 2060, while the percentage of Mormons already dropped to about 50% in Salt Lake County.
Utah has the fastest growing American Jewish community by state since the 1980s, and some of Utah's important positions in politics and economy are held by local Jewish persons. Jewish Utahns lived in the state as far back as the 1850s in part by immigration from Eastern Europe via New York and California, and some Jewish pioneers in new settlements.
There was a somewhat said relatively good relationship of Mormons and American Muslims in Utah, even in such times like post-9/11 hysteria and The War on Terror in the US has increased cases of harassment and discrimination on American Muslims.
The state witnessed some splits and sects of Mormonism are evident: Bickertonites, Church of Christ and ex-Mormons; and the FLDS fundamentalist communes in the rural communities like Hildale in southernmost Utah and the nearby towns of Colorado City, Arizona and Fredonia, Arizona adjacent to the Arizona Strip on the state boundary with Arizona.
In popular culture, the Mormon youth life contributed to the spread of the popular subculture Straight Edge back in the early 1980s. An active Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual community thrives in Salt Lake City, and in 2005 the GLBT magazine The Advocate magazine ranks SLC as one of the 50 nation's hot spots for the subculture.
Age and gender
In 2000, 49.9% female and 50.1% male constituted the gender makeup of Utah.
- ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- ^ "Resident Population Data: Population Change". United States Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- ^ http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/013049.html Utah is Fastest Growing State. Press Release by US Census Bureau. Dated 22 December 2008. Accessed 23 December 2008.
- ^ Deborah Bulkeley, "St. George growth 2nd fastest in U.S.", Deseret Morning News
- ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "2006–2008 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates". Factfinder.census.gov. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_DP3YR2&-ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3308&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=04000US49&-format=&-_lang=en. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
- ^ Demographics & Statistics. Utah.gov.
- ^ a b c , Salt Lake City Tribune "Mormon portion of Utah population steadily shrinking" 2005
- ^ Utah less Mormon than ever. Matt Canham, Salt Lake Tribune. Article archived at rickross.com.
- ^ "Political Neutrality". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. http://beta-newsroom.lds.org/official-statement/political-neutrality. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
- ^ David E. Campbell and J. Quin Monson. "Dry Kindling: A Political Profile of American Mormons". From Pews to Polling Places: Faith and Politics in the American Religious Mosaic. Georgetown University Press. http://www.nd.edu/~dcampbe4/DRY%20KINDLING.pdf.
- ^ a b Davidson, Lee (August 19, 2008). "Utah's birthrate highest in U.S.". Deseret News. http://www.deseretnews.com/article/1,5143,700251966,00.html?pg=2.
- ^ "Deseret Morning News – Utah Voters Shun Labels". Deseretnews.com. 2008-01-28. http://deseretnews.com/article/1,5143,695247764,00.html. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
- ^ "State Membership Reports". thearda.com. http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/state/49_2000_Adherents.asp. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- ^ "Gender in the United States". nationalatlas.gov. http://www.nationalatlas.gov/articles/people/a_gender.html. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
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